Wormwood species

Wormwood is a medicinal plant that has long been used in folk medicine. In nature, there are different types of wormwood, which differ among themselves not only in appearance, but also in their habitat, and in particular application.

Wormwood species

General characteristics

This plant of the aster family grows in temperate climates on the African, European and American continents. In Russia, it is in the southern regions, as well as in the central and middle bands.

In nature, there are different types of wormwood: some are perennial crops, others are biennials, and others are annuals. Wild species are in the form of shrubs or shrubs.

Each type of wormwood differs in the shape and color of foliage, growth and place of growth. There are species with steel, silver-blue, silver-white or grayish-green foliage. Height varies from 20 cm to 1 m.

The plant description includes unpretentiousness in care and resistance to cold. This crop can grow for a long time without moisture in dry and poor soil.

Tall plants

For those gardeners who want to decorate their garden plot, tall types of wormwood are suitable.

Louisiana

The Louisiana variety is a large-sized shrub reaching a meter in height, characterized by a whitish color of foliage and light yellow small flowers.

Homeland of growth - North America. In gardening, it is used as a decorative culture. Flowering is plentiful and bright, falls in mid-August.

Louisiana wormwood is a perennial that has medicinal properties. For the preparation of medicinal alcohol tinctures, decoctions and extracts for oral and external use, the aerial part of the plant is used. For compresses and lotions, fresh grass, juice from leaves and a dry plant, powdered, are used.

The aerial part of Louisiana wormwood is used to scare away fleas and moths.

One year

This annual species grows in Europe and Asia, on sandy areas, near railways, in the steppe. Its second name is sandy.

This plant is a weed that grows rapidly, flooding large areas. The height of the plant varies from 30 to 100 cm. The leaves are bright green in color, the flowers are yellow. Sand wormwood blooms in July or in August, depending on the region of growth.

The plant contains a large number of essential oils with a pleasant aroma, ascorbic acid, alkaloids and tannins.

The variety of wormwood has found its application in other areas of life: soap making, perfumes and traditional medicine (from malaria and dysentery). In cooking, this type is used as an aromatic seasoning.

This variety of wormwood is used as a garden ornamental plant, which not only decorates the garden, but also repels many parasites.

Pursha

Tall variety with a height of 70 to 90 cm. The stem is erect with a large number of small shoots. The leaves are green, with a bluish bloom, whole. The flowers are miniature, light yellow, collected in panicle inflorescences.

The Pursha variety prefers to grow on meager arid land in a sunny place.

Mid-sized plants

Plants have beneficial properties

This group includes garden and wild species of wormwood, which are not only decorative, but also have useful properties.

Field

Refers to perennial species, the height of the plant is about 70 cm. The stems of a wormwood are brown in color, the leaves are green, the flowers are reddish. In the wild, field wormwood is found in Western Siberia and Central Asia. It grows mainly in the steppe, in flat areas, along roads.

Field wormwood has leaves and stems, which are rich in essential oils, contain rubber. Fresh leaves of field grass are used in the treatment of many ailments: for diseases of the stomach, genitourinary system, epilepsy. On the basis of crushed foliage, plants and pork lard make a unique wound healing ointment.

Marine

Wormwood seaside (sea) - a popular perennial with green densely pubescent foliage. It differs from other varieties by a strong aroma. The popular names of the variety are wormwood, white wormwood, white brooms.

Botanical description of the culture:

  • height - from 40 to 60 cm;
  • has a tree-like root system;
  • the shrub consists of numerous stems forming a dense crown;
  • green leaves, with cuts along the edges;
  • flowers are small, snow-white, collected in panicle inflorescences;
  • blooms from July to August.

It grows in the steppe zone of Russia on the slopes, often found in the desert, so it is also called steppe wormwood. It prefers saline soil and tolerates drought well. For this, the people received another name - wormwood.

Tincture based on leaves and stems of seaside wormwood is widely used in medicine. Lotions from the infusion help with bruises, poultices - with diarrhea in children. Fresh raw materials thin out a specific aroma that repels fleas in the living room.

Barguzinskaya

The gray-perennial perennial reaches 50 cm in height, has a tree-like, thickened root. Leaves of emerald color, slightly covered with fluff. The flowers are small, collected in inflorescences-bunches of several pieces. The flowering period falls in mid-August.

Barguzin wormwood grows in the steppe, on the mountain slopes. Distributed in the European part of Russia.

Armenian

The medium-sized perennial shrub reaches a height of 50-70 cm. The foliage is large, cirrus-dissected, green, covered with fluff. The flowers are pale yellow, collected in panicles.

The Armenian variety is distributed throughout the forest-steppe zone of the Caucasus and Asia Minor. It is a rare species listed in the Red Book.

Marshall

Wormwood Marshall grows in the steppe

A semi-shrub variety without aroma, reaches a height of 50-70 cm. The foliage and stems of the plant are covered with a small pile. Shoots red or brown, erect. The leaves are green, have a cut along the edges.

Marshall variety blooms with small flowers forming baskets. It grows in flat areas - in the steppe, in meadows, forest glades. Distributed in Siberia and in America.

Broom

Paniculate or broom wormwood (in Latin - Artemisia scoparia) is a biennial 40-60 cm high. Shoots of red-violet or brown edema. The leaves are pinnately dissected, green. The flowers are tubular, form panicle inflorescences. Flowering occurs in July and ends in mid-August.

Due to the strong aroma and useful composition, the use of panicled varieties has become popular in folk medicine, cooking and winemaking.

Undersized plants

This group consists of miniature varieties that are used to decorate the garden. They are planted both individually and in a group. There are several varieties that differ in description.

Wormwood Schmidt

Miniature perennial with a bitter-spicy aroma, silvery and deeply dissected leaves. Blossoms in small yellow flowers. Often planted near undersized varieties of roses, on slides of stones and along the curbs.

Steller Wormwood

A unique plant that differs from other varieties of openwork blues and delicate foliage. Wormwood Steller is an excellent decoration of the garden, terraces, balconies and walls of outbuildings. It goes well with bright colors.

Height - 30 cm. Grows in Japan, Norway and the Far East.

Brilliant

In this species of wormwood, the leaves have a strong smell, which distinguishes it from other species. The leaves are thin, flat, green, covered with silver coating. The flowers are yellow-green and small.

It is used to decorate flower beds and steppe sections of the garden. It grows in nature in the southeastern part of the Alpine mountains.

A feature of brilliant wormwood is the ability to maintain its decorativeness even in the winter season.

Cold

The undersized shrub about 40 cm high is distinguished by a pale shade of leaves. Blooms wormwood cold pale yellow or purple-pink flowers. It is found in Central Asia and China. It grows in the steppe, near pines, stones.

Wormwood is used for medicinal purposes

Due to its rich content of nutrients, it has been widely used in medicine. From it make healing broths and infusions that help reduce heat, eliminate fever and fever.

Leaves, flowers, stems and roots of wormwood cold contain essential oils, ascorbic acid and flavonoids.

Taking a medication is useful for any diseases of the pulmonary system.

Pontic

The variety Pontic, or Roman, reaches 40 cm in height, is characterized by intensive growth of the root system. The leaves are silver-green, cirrus.

In nature, Pontic wormwood is found on rocky slopes, in the steppe zone, rarely in pine forests.

Silky

The rarest silky wormwood plant was listed in the Red Book. This is a miniature perennial with a height of 20-40 cm. It has a vertical tree-like rhizome. The stems are brown in color.

The leaves of a silky variety are bluish, cirrus-dissected. The flowers are small, collected in baskets. The flowering period falls on the beginning or middle of August.

Silky wormwood variety grows mainly in the European part of Russia, Western and Eastern Siberia, as well as in Asia. It occurs in glades, in forbs, in the steppe zone, mixed and coniferous forests.

Crimean

Tauride wormwood, or Crimean, is a unique perennial up to 40 cm high with oblong gray and dissected leaves and small flowers, collected in hemispherical inflorescences. It blooms profusely, the flowering period falls in August.

It occurs in the Crimea, the Caucasus, in the Caspian steppes. On the territory of Russia grows in the Volgograd and Rostov regions.

Solyankovidnaya

A dwarf semi-shrub plant with a height of 15 to 30 cm is the rarest species listed in the Red Book.

Perennial has strong tree-like and highly branching shoots of red or pink flowers. The leaves are bluish, smooth, cirrus-dissected. The flowers are small, collected in racemose inflorescences.

Wormwood Solyankovidnaya prefers to grow on chalky or calcareous soil. It occurs in the territory of Belgorod, Saratov, Rostov and Voronezh regions.

Austrian

Shrub with erect stems from 20 to 40 cm high. The leaves are green, covered with a white fluff. The flowers are small yellow or red, collected in panicles. It grows in the steppe, in meadows, forest edges.

The Austrian variety is of great value and is used in folk healing recipes and in the manufacture of perfumes. When rubbing foliage and stems exude a pleasant and rich aroma.

White-milk

A rare dwarf variety, reaching 15-30 cm in height, is found mainly in Ukraine. The white-milk variety has strong whitish shoots. The leaves are oval, dissected, green and gray-green hues.

Inflorescences in the form of a pyramidal panicle are composed of small yellow flowers. It grows on calcareous and chalky soil, on rocky and mountainous slopes.

Conclusion

This plant has many species, they are all different. Each species is valuable because possesses not only decorative qualities, but also healing, aromatic properties.

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