Winter pear varieties

Winter pear varieties are characterized by high productivity, suitability for conservation and a long shelf life. There are many varieties of winter pears, after studying the features of the main ones, it will be possible to determine and choose the best option for planting.

Winter pear varieties

Variety Characterization

Winter pear varieties have a beautiful appearance, do not deteriorate during transportation, they are grown for sale. Winter pear varieties have the main feature: they are winter hardy and have a long shelf life. Fruits are harvested before the ripening moment, they are picked, packaged, stored for about 30-60 days. During this time, they are filled with juices, reach, become ripe, acquire the usual taste and aroma.

Winter pears are sweet, contain a large amount of sugar and vitamins.

Winter pear varieties are stored for six months under good conditions. Pears are used for fresh consumption, for processing into juice, jam, for freezing and drying.

Grade Classification

By shelf life, varieties are divided into 3 types:

  • early winter - fruits are stored until January-February;
  • winter - stored until the end of March;
  • late winter - they are used until the end of spring.

Cure

Cure is an early winter variety with an interesting history of origin. A sapling was found in 1760 by a cure of Leroy in the forest by coincidence.

Trees grow tall, with a dense crown, pears ripen in late September, tied in piles. Their weight is from 160 g to 250 g. At the time of harvest, they are green, when ripe, they acquire a lemon shade, sometimes a pink blush appears on them. The flesh of the cure is tender, with a nutmeg aroma, sometimes tart, has a sweet and sour taste, sometimes it turns out without taste. When ripening, the taste manifests itself only slightly. Shelf life of cure - 30-60 days. Warm weather is important for trees. They regularly bear fruit, their yields reach up to 500-600 kg per tree.

Yakovlev's favorite

The tree variety Lyubimitsa Yakovleva has a large crown, sweet and sour fruits. It has been harvesting since the 6th year, at the beginning of autumn pears are already edible. They are harvested immature, wrapped in paper and stored in a cool place for about 60 days, where they ripen.

Malvina

Winter Malvina is a new type of winter pear. Its fruits are stored until February-March. They are green-yellow with a red blush, weigh 130-170 g.

Artyomovskaya winter

The Artyomovsk variety was bred in Donetsk. It blooms in the second half of December.

The tree has a wide crown. It is unpretentious in leaving, calmly endures drought, heat and frost. The weight of the fruits reaches 250 g, they have a bright yellow color, they have a red blush. Artyomovskaya pear is transportable and stored until February.

Dekanka winter

Fruits can be stored for a long time.

Dekanka is known as "Duchess winter." This late variety is a powerful tree with a wide branched crown. The decanter bears fruit early and regularly, has large tuberous fruits that grow in bunches on branches. The skin is smooth, beautiful light amber shade. The pulp is fleshy, white, has a sweet taste. The fruits are well stored, transported.

Winter Mlievskaya

Mliyevskaya pear has tall trees with a pyramidal crown, which grow well in the northern regions, yield a plentiful harvest 4-6 years after planting. Fruit weight - 200 g. The pulp is juicy, sweet with sourness. Winter-hardy pears ripen from October to the new year, stored until the end of April. The advantages of the variety are resistance to damage by fungus, unpretentiousness, resistance to frost.

The disadvantages include the large size of the tree.

Pear Glazkova

Glazkov's variety has good taste, it is frost-resistant, has medium fruits, their weight is from 160 to 200 g. The crop is stored for about 6 months. Ripe fruits have a sweetish aftertaste.

Kyrgyz

Kyrgyz pear bred in Kyrgyzstan. It has large (225-245 g) fruits of greenish-yellow color, then they turn golden with a red blush.

According to the description, the fruits have a dense pulp, a pleasant taste, a slight astringency. They are kept in a cool place until the beginning of April. Kyrgyz pear winter-hardy, with beautiful fruits, respond well to transportation.

Kubarevidnaya

Kubarevidnaya pear - late variety. It gives fruits weighing 150-200 g. Harvested in early October. The fruits at this time are still green with a pink blush. They ripen in December, turn yellow, the blush becomes raspberry.

Kubarevidny variety has a great taste, juicy white pulp. Storage is possible until March. The variety is fruitful, winter-hardy and drought-resistant, not afraid of scab.

The first crop is harvested 6-7 years after planting.

Care

The tree must be properly looked after

Seedlings grow, develop and give a rich harvest with due care. It consists in regular irrigation, top dressing, loosening the soil, removing weeds, conducting timely pruning.

Winter pear varieties do not need a lot of moisture. Watering is carried out once a week. 12 l of water is enough for one tree. During the ripening period, irrigation is stopped.

Top dressing

The tree is fertilized with all useful substances, and organic and mineral fertilizers are added. Lack of nitrogen affects the growth of the tree: foliage turns yellow, ovaries fall off. With a lack of phosphorus, poor formation of fruit buds occurs. With a lack of potassium - stopping the growth of shoots. Calcium is responsible for the formation of bones.

It is useful to feed trees with compost, manure, humus, ammonium nitrate.

Pruning

In the second year after planting, trees are pruned every spring. Last year’s growth is shortened by a third, while improving tree growth and increasing productivity.

Conclusion

Winter frost-resistant pears are diverse, each species has its positive and negative sides. With proper care, they will surprise with the taste properties of the fruits and high yields.

Recommended

Tomatoes Perfectpil f1
2019
Characteristics of Centurion f1 cabbage
2019
Popular varieties of potatoes for the Moscow region
2019