Wild horse breeds

Since ancient times, man tried to tame animals, wild horses are no exception, which have become indispensable helpers in the household.

Wild horses

About wild horses

Wild horses, unlike domestic horses, are herd inhabitants. They live in the wild steppes, forests and among the rocky mountains, live in European, Asian and African territories. So, in the USA these are mustang horses, in Russia - Przhevalsky horses, in Asia - Bramby imported from Africa.

A horse herd includes several mares. In each individual herd, wild horses distinguish one male, selected by default by the whole herd as leader. Moreover, all the animals of the herd impose on him many responsibilities. In addition to the fact that the herd male leader covers mares in his herd, acting as a guarantee of breeding in the wild during mating, he is also responsible for the safety of all animals included in his controlled herd, protecting against predators in the places where they live. For grazing and order in the herd, the elder in the herd, the mare, who is essentially the eldest, is responsible, subordinating to herself the other mares that live in the herd. The mating season of a horse falls in the spring or the first half of summer; pregnancy lasts 11 months.

A wild horse is often used when crossing to improve the working and exterior qualities of a new kind of different breeds.

The young stallions that appeared in the herd for some time live in their herd, leaving it as they grow older, uniting with other stallions or organizing their own herd under their leadership. Such bachelors lingering in the herd, where there is already a leader, are expelled after they reach the age of 3 years.

In the wild, there are often separate families of stallions, mares and foals, preferring to stay away from the herd.

On Russian territory there is an island called Vodny, which supports the residence of horses that were caught in the wild. Modern horses on the island are called Russian Mustangs with a wayward character.

First wild

The very first wild horses in the world that lived on European territory are considered extinct tarpans, which were divided into steppe and forest horses at their habitat. This breed of horses preferred to stay in small groups. Among the main distinguishing features, the description of Tarpanov includes a set of their external data, based on the photos that have been preserved to this day:

  • they were small in height at the withers of the horse, reaching average growth rates of up to 1.35 m;
  • medium sized strong limbs Tarpanov ended in strong hooves;
  • the tail of the animals is short, was set rather low;
  • short-haired mane sticking out, in the color of the color of the tail.

The tarpans in color were predominantly black-brown, or, as they call it, a fleshy suit. However, there were representatives with a yellow-brown color. Closer to the winter season, the Tarpani brightened, acquiring a sandy color.

Tarpan acted as genetic material in breeding some horse breeds. Among them are the well-known ponies that appeared as a result of crossing Tarpanov with domestic horses. He is an ancestor who appeared in the process of breeding new lines of the horse Hyuk.

A thick and densely folded wool cover protected the Tarpanov from the frosts of European winters. Animals were distinguished by their activity and ability to move long distances.

Przhevalsky's animal

Preserved in natural conditions, modern wild horses of Przhevalsky are widely heard in the world. Today, a wild steppe horse is bred in artificial conditions to preserve the population. The description of the representative of Przhevalsky relates him to a powerful stocky type of horse of rounded forms, which stand out for their sand with a red tint color and painted in black mane, tail and lower limbs.

The Przhevalsky breed today has no more than 2, 000 individuals and is under protective status in Russia. State programs have been introduced to save the horse.

In height, Przhevalsky’s horse can reach up to 1.3 m and weigh from 0.3 to 0.35 t. The wild steppe horse kept shyness due to its preserved natural instincts. Strong limbs provide the horse with speed running. The herd lifestyle developed in animals a stable instinct for self-preservation, actively protecting offspring. When predators appear, animals create a living wall in the form of a circle around the stallions and mares that have not yet grown up, protecting them from danger.

American Mustangs

The former objects of hunting of the American Indians, feral Mustangs, in the USA today are found in the northern and southern regions and have become known around the world. Being initially domestic horses, they adapted to the conditions of the wild, choosing the American steppes for their living, however, they could not maintain the population size at the proper level due to the developed hunting for them.

The tough temperament and freedom-loving roots of the American Mustangs, rooted over many years, make it possible for few to ride this horse.

Wild Mustangs are distinguished by their graceful movements and stamina. The description of the Mustangs characterizes these horses as folded proportionally muscular animals with strong limbs that allow them to travel long distances, because often the American Indians caught savages in the places where they live, to tame and use as riding animals.

Immigrants from America can not be found in the nature of other countries. They are found exclusively in the prairies of America.

In the photo and video, the American wild Mustang looks like a powerful horse up to 1.5 m high at the withers with a square constitution. An adult horse weighs up to 0.4 tons. The color of the American Mustangs can be different: there is from black to red, it can be from one to spotty.

Mediterranean Camargue

Many are sure that a wild resident of the Mediterranean takes his pedigree from a line of horses called Solyure, since their similarity in appearance in photos and videos is clearly visible. The descriptive characteristics of the Camargue wild horses include their distinctive features:

  • adults grow up to 1.35-1.5 m in height, because they are tall,
  • at the head of Camargue is a square shape that gives the animal a rude appearance,
  • the short body is angular, but proportionately folded.

The color of the wild horses of Camargue is originally black, but as the foals grow older, the foals noticeably lighten in color, approaching a light gray shade.

Domesticated Camargue often stands in the service of a person on the farm, acting as a guard for bull herds. Often these horses are used as sledding. Camargue animals are quite hardy, because they are used as a labor force that can be active for almost a day. In addition, the advantage of Camargue for use on the farm is their longevity: wild by nature Camargue live at home up to 25 years of life.


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