Why does the broiler wheeze

Broiler breeding is a fairly common phenomenon, because every farmer involved in this type of activity should be prepared for changes in the health of chickens. In this regard, the popular topic of why broilers wheeze and sneeze and how to deal with it will be discussed further. Sometimes serious complications are hidden behind the usual at first glance wheezing. So what to do if broilers suddenly wheeze?

Broilers sneeze and wheeze

What does periodic wheezing and coughing mean?

Wheezing and coughing do not represent a particular disease, but are only symptoms or signs of the penetration of an infection into the body. This means that treating a cough without eliminating its cause is completely useless. Hoarse breathing is accompanied by specific sounds, and also complicates the process of breathing chickens and broilers. When broilers sneeze and wheeze, there is a risk of contracting diseases such as:

  • bronchitis of any stage of severity;
  • mycoplasmosis;
  • colibacillosis;
  • common cold.

You can find out more about the danger of each disease, as well as the reasons for their appearance and treatment methods. Regardless of what the cause of the cough or wheezing lies, it is important to transfer the sick broilers to another room in order to prevent the development of an epidemic that could lead to the death of all individuals.

Broiler colds

Such a disease as a cold is the most common not only among people. A bird can become infected with it or “catch” it after a banal hypothermia, which is often the case. In addition, the reason can be hidden in drafts, which very quickly destroy broilers. Despite the fact that the disease is not fatal, chickens quickly spread it among themselves. The main symptoms of a cold infection in the chicken coop include:

  • the occurrence of unexpected tearful eyes;
  • accumulation of mucus in the nose;
  • difficulty breathing due to inflammation.

After that, the chickens are broilers and sneeze. If you do not provide them with timely help, this can lead to the progression and spread of a catarrhal disease, which contributes to the appearance of more serious problems. Treatment of an early stage of a cold is not difficult for a person, however, contacting a veterinarian will not be redundant. The specialist will be able to verify the presence of a problem, and also tell you how to treat the disease at home.

About Infectious Bronchitis

Sneezing and coughing accompany not only the common cold, but also represent the main symptoms of bronchitis. With infectious bronchitis, the chicks' breathing is quite difficult, and coughing is frequent. In addition, there is irritation of the mucous membranes, filling of the nasopharynx with mucus, as a result of which broiler chickens are forced to breathe through their mouths. A distinctive feature of the disease is a specific wheezing, which is accompanied by bubbling sounds. Determining the nature of sounds can only be done by a specialist. A symptom may also be a decrease in egg productivity.

It is appropriate to treat bronchitis only in adulthood, when it comes to young animals, it will be more appropriate to put it off until recovery. The infection spreads very quickly: the virus reaches the lungs in less than one day. The infection is transmitted by air.

The presence of bronchopneumonia in broilers

A disease such as bronchopneumonia does not affect broilers so often, but is considered quite dangerous and fatal. The disease is not fatal, but in the case of young chickens it can be fatal. If treatment was not started on time, then they can begin to die in a couple of days. As for older birds, they have some resistance. To prevent the disease, you must:

  • to protect birds from getting in the rain, in the presence of an aviary make a canopy;
  • to protect birds from penetration of strong wind into the room;
  • build a quality aviary, protected by dense material.

The main symptoms are immediately visible: a sick bird breathes very often, and its wheezing is wet. In addition to the fact that broilers often sneeze and wheeze, rhinitis and cough are observed. Bronchopneumonia is accompanied by a lack of appetite and lethargy. Broiler chickens breathe heavily through the mouth, not showing activity. The presence of the latest symptoms suggests that the disease has reached the last stage.

Mycoplasmosis

If broilers sneeze, then there may be a risk of mycoplasmosis. The main feature of the disease is that it affects almost all types of rural utensils, because any sick person can spread the disease to neighbors. Symptoms of mycoplasmosis are also easily recognized. The chickens wheeze heavily due to a serious damage to the respiratory organs, which distinguishes the disease from milder infections.

The cause of the disease can be either genetic or related to the use of contaminated water or through the air. Infection is instantaneous, and the strength of the infection is so great that it impairs the functioning of the reproductive organs, which leads to a decrease in immunity and weakness of birds. Therefore, having noticed the frequent sneezing of broilers, it is necessary to urgently call a doctor in order to prescribe treatment and prevent a fatal outcome.

About colibacteriosis in chickens

Only chickens less than 2 weeks old can get colibacteriosis. Symptoms are similar to colds in that birds cough, sneeze and wheeze. Specialists distinguish 2 forms of the disease: acute and chronic. Colibacteriosis accompanies a short incubation period lasting several days. Without starting treatment on time, there is a transformation of the acute form into a chronic one. A distinctive characteristic of the disease is a slight increase in temperature and an increase in thirst, although there is no appetite. Chickens decrease in mass, after which they completely lose activity. It is not difficult to determine the chronic form of colibacteriosis:

  • birds become lethargic and inactive;
  • their appearance is getting worse;
  • diarrhea is possible;
  • they refuse to feed, preferring frequent visits to drinking bowls;
  • breathing is significantly heavier after 15-20 days, the appearance of severe wheezing is also observed;
  • sometimes a crunch in the chest is heard;
  • some broilers suffer from paralysis and cramps.

After the last symptoms appear, the broiler can no longer be saved from death.

Treating Coughing Chickens

It is impossible to begin treatment of chickens without setting the correct diagnosis, since it is strictly forbidden to do this yourself, it is important to use the services of a good veterinarian on time. So, what tools help treat broilers for the previously described ailments?

  1. In the treatment of colds and bronchitis, you can use folk remedies, in particular, herbal decoctions, which need to properly feed the chickens. The use of medicinal inhalations, as well as the treatment of rooms and chicken coops using smoke bombs with essential oils, is suitable. If hens get a cold, you can cook nettle decoctions. In addition, it is important to tackle the chicken coop. It should be checked whether drafts appear there, whether the air is too humid, and if all the rules are observed. If everything is in order, then perhaps the time has come to warm the walls and floor. It is recommended to treat broiler chickens for infectious bronchitis with disinfectants, for example, Lugol's solution. For the treatment and elimination of bronchopneumonia, only antibiotics are used according to an individual scheme.
  2. If the chickens fell ill with mycoplasmosis or colibacteriosis, it is necessary to immediately exclude the possibility of using folk remedies, focusing on a course of antibiotics. Mycoplasmosis is treated with streptomycin, spiramycin, lincomycin, erythromycin. Each remedy is strong enough, because they are not used for young chickens. Young growth is treated with Tiamulin, the only safer drug. It will be appropriate to add medicines directly to food. To do this, add only 20 g of drugs to 100 kg of feed. The duration of such a course should not be less than 5 days. When the course of taking the drugs is over, the chickens are shown to the doctor, who prescribes ways to restore productivity. Tipozin is often prescribed to increase egg production.
  3. To combat colibacteriosis, Biomycin, Syntomycin, Terramycin are prescribed. The treatment can be compiled by the veterinarian individually, using drugs other than the listed antibiotics. The usual treatment takes 5 days. A recurrence of the disease involves the use of the same drugs that helped initially or the use of a completely new scheme.

Remember that antibiotic treatment of young chickens should be supervised by a specialist. Very often, the body can be so weakened that it can not withstand the load of medicines.

Disease prevention

A comfortable and cozy chicken coop is what you need to prevent disease. About how the premises for chickens look and are equipped, more than one video has been shot. Firstly, the chicken coop should not have any gaps that would allow moist raw air and draft to pass through, as well as cold gusts of wind. If possible, the room should be heated using appropriate heaters.

It is important that all necessary sanitary standards are observed regularly. We must not forget about the timely change of litter, about checking its condition. Having felt a draft, it is necessary to start searching for the cause of the problem and its elimination. It is important to pay due attention to ensuring good ventilation, which would not cause drafts during the ventilation of the room.

Chickens, especially young ones, should be regularly vaccinated against the most popular and other diseases. Thanks to vaccination, it is possible to strengthen the immune system, which will help minimize the appearance of even the most dangerous infection. When buying broilers, it’s important to check if the birds have passed the vaccination. Repeated procedure is not required.

The last preventive measure is to maintain constant control over the well-being of birds. Do not throw a chicken coop for several days. It is better to pay attention to broilers daily, so as not to spend money on treatment later. To notice a deterioration in health, you can simply observe the food intake and fluid intake by birds, the frequency of going to the toilet, and possible changes in behavior. Optionally, you can saturate the food with mineral and vitamin supplements, having previously obtained the permission of the doctor.

About disinfection

Chicken coop disinfection is what needs to be done immediately after the occurrence of wheezing in chickens. This is important because of the ability of certain types of bacteria to exist in the environment, which can subsequently lead to re-illness. Before starting treatment, you should think about moving all living creatures to any other room that has the minimum requirements for life. Only then can you start washing the chicken coop and treat it with special preparations for disinfection.

Disinfection is carried out both with chemicals that are quite toxic and organic. In the case of the former, hens are launched after the insecticides are completely weathered; in the latter, this can be done after the procedures are completed. It is not worth using traditional medicine and non-traditional means for disinfection, because they are not able to provide the necessary protection after the epidemic.

The owner of the chickens needs to take care of their own protection. In no case should you neglect the means of protection of the hands, skin, respiratory tract, mucous membrane. The best option is to wear gloves and protective clothing. Even organic preparations must not be allowed to get on the skin in order to prevent skin damage.

The treatment of sneezing and wheezing is a mandatory and necessary procedure, because sometimes the lack of necessary measures leads to the death of birds. Having examined in detail how and how to treat chickens at home, you can not be afraid to lose your favorite birds.

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