Why do orchid roots dry?
If the roots of the Phalaenopsis orchid dry, then this is a sign of improper care or unsuitable conditions for growing. You can correct the situation by learning the reason for the drying of the flowers.
Why do orchid roots dry?
Reasons for drying
Orchid roots dry for the following reasons:
- violation of the water regime;
- poor humidity in the room;
- burn plants with hard water or chemical fertilizers;
- diseases and pests;
- physical damage.
Often the roots begin to dry immediately after planting a recently purchased plant. The reason for this is poor transportation. Drying can be caused by a small crack or scratch.
Lack or excess of water
The main reason that the phalaenopsis orchid begins to dry out is the insufficient amount of moisture introduced. This problem is typical for regions with high ambient temperatures. To restore the plant, you need to increase the amount of water when watering.
The second reason for drying is an excess of moisture. Although there is a lot of water, an excess of it causes rot and the development of fungal diseases, because of which the roots dry and die. To restore, you should reduce the amount of moisture and reduce watering to 1 time per week, as well as monitor care.
Do not apply too much fertilizer
If you add too much mineral fertilizer, there is a risk of provoking a chemical burn, which causes drying. A similar problem occurs when using hard unfiltered water for irrigation.
With excess intake of salts and minerals, they accumulate on the surface of the plant and cause drying. The problem is diagnosed by the presence of white plaque at the base of the plant. Also during hot periods, salt evaporates and settles on flowers and leaves.
If the roots are very dry, then you need to completely replace the substrate, and place the plant for several hours in a container of warm water. It is also required to normalize the fertilizer regime and control water quality. It is better to use only settled moisture, melt snow or chilled boiling water. It is also useful to add ash to the water, which softens its composition.
The appearance of a large number of aerial processes indicate the following problems:
- lack of light;
- low moisture;
- lack of oxygen;
- plant age.
New aerial processes are trying to find a new source of moisture or light. It is also possible to form roots to discard old ones or to avoid rotting due to excess moisture.
If the problem is not timely addressed, then the roots will cause drying. It is required to eliminate the cause of their appearance and cut off most of the processes, and treat the section with a biostimulator. If the problem disappears, the remaining air processes themselves will disappear.
To revive the dried roots of orchids, you should extract the plant from the pot and clean the roots. Dried root system segments are removed. They are determined by tactile sensations - healthy roots are solid, and dead roots, on the contrary. It is difficult to determine by color, because in some varieties of orchids they are different and change color depending on the environment. Also, a water bath is used for diagnosis.
Places cut roots treated with biostimulants. For this, it is better to use phytospirin. It also prevents the appearance of fungus and rot. It is required to prepare a solution of 500 ml of water and 10 drops of the product and keep the plant in it for 4 hours. Next, the wounds are treated with cinnamon and activated carbon.
The final step is to prepare a warm bath from soft water. It is better to use a glass or ceramic container. The plant is placed in the bath daily for 2-3 hours. Then the orchid is dried and placed over the container. The procedures are repeated until the emergence of new strong roots, and then planted in a pot with a new substrate.
Restore a weak plant
To cure an orchid at home, you need to perform the following procedures:
- remove the peduncle;
- prepare a container with a special substrate;
- plant a plant;
- leave the seedling in a warm place without drafts;
- grow like a new plant.
So that the roots of the phalaenopsis do not dry out, you must follow the rules for caring for the plant. It is also necessary to regularly inspect the roots for the presence of fungus, rot and harmful insects.
In order not to accidentally cut off a healthy root that looks like dried up, you need to place the plant in a container of water. The normal process will quickly straighten, and the dead one will remain dark and crowded.