Why do lumps appear in piglets?
Often farmers notice the appearance of strange cones in pigs and do not know what this may be connected with. In fact, several diseases can manifest themselves in this way. Cones in piglets indicate that there is some kind of inflammatory process in the body that has reached a purulent stage. The main thing that needs to be done in such a situation is to figure out what exactly this can be.
Possible options for the appearance of cones
Today, doctors distinguish 2 main and common diseases in pigs that manifest themselves precisely through the appearance of cones, these are:
Both diseases make themselves felt precisely in the form of a cone, which, among other things, can be located on the leg of a pig, directly on the bone. Veterinarians say that this is either a buildup and deposition of salts, or the result of an incorrectly fused broken leg. If a neoplasm is noticeable on any other part of the body, this means that the inflammatory process is going on in the pig’s body and it needs urgent treatment before the disease becomes more severe.
This is a rather unpleasant and serious disease, very painful for pigs. An abscess is a pathological disease that appears due to the fact that acute inflammatory processes caused by pathogenic staphylococcus occur in the body. Staphylococcus completely lags behind the walls of the tissue or is transferred through the blood, due to which neoplasms (bumps) of the abscess appear. They can sit not too far under the skin, which causes the animal incredible discomfort and pain, and in appearance they look like cones. A piglet at a young age up to a year can quickly die from such a disease.
As stated earlier, such a disease has the appearance of a hemisphere. The disease begins in the form of a small edema of weak consistency, resembling a dough. The temperature of the pig will increase, the bump will also be hot, it will seem to slip away to the touch. If the disease is in the first stages, then you can use compresses, different poultices and all kinds of heating pads. Any massage and cold are strictly forbidden: this can lead to rupture of the sac, in which all the pus is located, and if it bursts, the disease will spread throughout the body along with the pus.
When the bump begins to fully mature, it is necessary to take the animal to the veterinary clinic so that specialists can make a small incision, remove all pus, and then treat the wound with an antiseptic. Such a procedure can not be carried out on your own at home, since there is a high percentage of probability of infection of the pig.
The appearance of an abscess
The most common cause of the disease is a fight between animals, which is often observed when pigs are kept in large herds. First, a small gap appears on the pig’s body, then it drags on, forming a scar under which the tumor appears. In addition, an abscess may be the result of some kind of disease: smallpox, pneumonia, or even the usual biting of the tail. It is necessary to ensure that the wound does not appear on the nose: this is very serious and can lead to the fact that the pig will lose its ability to breathe.
The multiple appearance of an abscess excessively depletes the body of the animal, and therefore, after a couple of months of regular illness, the animal usually dies. After this, the carcass of a pig cannot be used: it will be infected.
In order to diagnose the disease, one must directly find the tumor itself. Then it must be very carefully, but carefully felt, to understand how deep it is and whether there is liquid inside it. To understand how serious everything is, you have to take the liquid from the bump for analysis. In order for the pig to not be hurt, it needs to be administered a sedative drug.
Sample should be taken only with a syringe with an 18 mm needle. Then you need to enter the needle at the lowest point in the cone and pump out a little fluid from there. The abscess fluid can be of different colors:
The structure of the liquid will resemble a watery or curd base.
It is necessary to completely remove pus so that the infection does not spread further. Most often you need to contact the veterinarian. To cope with the bump, the doctor makes a small incision (14-18 ml) in its lowest part. After that, he introduces a scalpel and “opens” it. Pus is removed and the wound is disinfected. In order not to get a new bump, within 3-4 days the wound does not need to be tightly closed: so the pus will come out completely.
The harmful bacteria that cause the disease are quite sensitive to penicillin or oxytetracycline. If the cone area is very inflamed, you need a cream containing antibiotics. In the period of exacerbation, constant injections should be made.
This disease is most often found in piglets under the age of one year. The disease appears due to the ingestion of staphylococcus. It causes severe irritation and damage to the hair sac, as a result of which purulent necrotic diseases appear. A boil is a very painful bump. It causes discomfort when walking and constantly hurts like hell. The pain that the pig will experience if it accidentally lies on this neoplasm can be compared with a sharp stab in the body with a knife. A distinctive feature of the boil is that it has a noticeable core. On the nose, it appears extremely rarely, so you do not have to worry about the ability to breathe in this case.
The disease appears due to the fact that pigs do not completely observe hygiene of clean skin. The main causes of the appearance of the disease are:
- incorrect and rough combing;
- dysfunction of all sebaceous glands;
- any previously received mechanical damage;
Treatment of the disease and prevention
Places in which cones appeared should be treated with iodine solution, 2 percent salts alcohol, and also brilliant green. To completely or at least partially relieve inflammation, you need to constantly apply bandages with ichthyol ointment, another good way is paraffin therapy. However, these methods allow only a brief relief of symptoms; in any case, the animal must be taken to a veterinary clinic. Any boil should always be opened and removed immediately, it is impossible to deal with them in another way.
After the boil has been completely removed, the guinea pig needs to add antibiotics to the feed so that all the systems of the pig body can cope with the disease. The wound should heal quickly and well.
Cones in mumps may indicate the appearance of several diseases, however, all of them appear due to neglect of the living conditions of the animal. Prevention of cones is simple: just do not forget to bathe your pets and keep them warm.