When the quails begin to rush about
The main purpose of quail breeding is to obtain dietary testes. Egg production is directly related to the regimen and diet. Often inexperienced farmers ask when the quail begins to rush and how often they do it.
When the quails begin to rush
The onset of puberty
Among the benefits of quail breeding experienced farmers note the precocity of these birds. Puberty occurs in quails in 1-2 months, when their weight is 100 g. You can determine the onset of puberty if you have already bought adult chicks by their behavior. The females begin to whistle softly, and the males scream loudly.
How the quails are carried and how long the active laying lasts depends on the breed and age. Initially, the production indicator is only 8 testicles per month, but the pace is gradually increasing and over the next 6 months their number is 25 pieces per month. The annual production rate of laying hens is 300 eggs.
Quails are carried at certain times of the day. The breed plays an important role. For example, Japanese quail lays eggs immediately after eating. A female is carried in a certain pattern that every poultry breeder needs to know:
- for 5-6 days, the bird carries 1 egg per day;
- then comes a break for a day or two.
If the bird does not rush for a long period, a completely different reason lies here, so it is advisable to consult a veterinarian. A drop in egg production can be triggered by an infectious disease or improper care. Before starting a quail, you need to learn all about the proper care of them, about the optimal conditions and features of the content.
What could cause a performance drop?
If the quail has stopped laying eggs, the farmer's primary task is to find out as soon as possible what is the reason and eliminate it. When egg production begins to subside, it is necessary to revise the diet and conditions of detention:
- illumination plays a large role: prolonged stay in a room with artificial light leads to the fact that the bird becomes irritable, this reduces productivity;
- temperature changes affect the appetite and the health status of the birds: an increased one reduces the appetite, as a result of quail, vitamins and calcium are lost; during hypothermia, the bird’s body immediately begins to redirect energy resources to heating; accordingly, the bird ceases to lay eggs;
- a draft can not only cause a drop in egg production, but also a loss of plumage;
- changes in air humidity indicators.
Diet is the main reason for the decline in performance. The nutrition of the layers should include proteins, protein, calcium and all the multivitamins necessary for the normal development. Egg production begins to fall, not only if the feed is improperly selected, but also when the diet is disturbed. Planting density is another important factor affecting egg laying.
When buying for keeping birds at home, the livestock has to be transported, which negatively affects the ability to lay eggs. The period of adaptation to a new place is from 14 to 21 days. In addition to transporting stress, quail sounds are too loud. During the molting period, any laying hen is calm. When the male in the herd is changed, the females begin to rush only after a week, it is impossible to influence this process.
The first alarm bell indicating that birds have an infectious disease is a decrease in productivity and quality of products. Changes in the structure of the shell are a serious reason for seeking help from a specialist. The quail is actively carried for 2-3 years, when this age is reached, the birds should be sent for meat.
Methods for increasing production performance
Unmistakably, the reason for the decrease in egg production is not always determined, because there are so many provoking factors. Even if the bird is flying normally, then for any poultry farmer an increase in production data is an end in itself. To ensure that the quality of eggs in quail remains at a height and increase the growth of average indicators, it is necessary to add products such as:
- bone or fish trash;
- gravel and shell rock.
The right diet can be selected using the videos recorded by experienced farmers for beginners, where they share their secrets. It is very important not only to keep the birds in optimal conditions, to feed a full-fledged feed, but also to observe the regimen. During the day, an adult quail should consume 30 g of animal feed, divided into 3 doses. The quail cage should always be clean. To obtain eggs with higher quality indicators, females can be kept without a male.
The optimum indoor temperature should be up to 20 ° C. Artificial daylight hours should last about 17 hours. With an increase in this indicator, quail egg production slightly increases, but they quickly lose strength and begin to hurt, and in the long run may even die. It is important to remember that underfeeding or overfeeding birds equally badly affects egg production.
Selection of the most profitable variety
As mentioned above, the smallest representatives of the chicken family are appreciated for their early maturity and high egg production. Among the most prolific species, 2 leading breeds are distinguished: Estonian and Japanese. Most often in the first places is the Japanese breed.
The female rushes most actively, reaching 2-3 months of age. Throughout its life, such an individual is able to produce up to 1000 testicles, so the breed is in first place in popularity among our farmers. Relatively high competition can make English quail. Upon reaching the most productive age, the female is able to lay 20-22 eggs in 4 weeks.
Among meat breeds, representatives of the Pharaoh breed, Texas White, Manchurian Quail are highly valued. Individuals have a relatively low egg productivity, but they quickly gain quite a lot of weight. The meat of such individuals has excellent taste.
What should be the structure of the shell?
Having reached the age of puberty, the female gives an average of 2-3 eggs. The female is carried for 5-6 days, and then there comes a period of calm, which does not exceed 2-3 days. If the lull is longer than the specified period, there is reason for excitement.
Often the eggshell is not a uniform color. Dark spots are present on a grayish or pale yellow background. Each breed will have a different egg color. It is important that the first time after the start of oviposition is ensured that the same color is maintained throughout the entire egg period. If you notice any slight changes in color or structure, you should contact your veterinarian for help.
In breeding quails, it is important to know when and how birds are racing in order to be able to receive full-fledged products and provide birds with appropriate care. Any deviations from the norm in the performance of individuals signal the presence of a disease or improper maintenance. If during the egg-laying period the lull continues for more than 3 days, this is the first signal to the owner to carefully review the conditions of detention and diet.
The hue of the eggshell and its structure are also an indicator of the health of the bird. The color palette of eggs in different breeds will be different. On the Internet you can watch a video that tells about the egg qualities of various breeds. In order for the birds to be healthy and enjoy high performance, it is necessary to follow elementary rules of keeping. The main thing is hygiene and cleanliness, therefore it is very important to regularly clean the cells and install boxes with gravel and ash once a week.
A very important point in maintaining normal life and increasing egg production is the diet and diet. When puberty is reached, the diet of females should be dominated by proteins, animal proteins, calcium and all kinds of vitamins. As for the diet, it is equally bad for production indicators and malnutrition, and overeating. With a lack of vitamins and calcium, cannibalism may occur, the structure of the egg shell is disturbed. In obesity, the bird is also not able to produce many eggs. It is necessary to carefully monitor how much the bird eats per day, the optimal amount of food per individual is 30 g.