When to pick onions

In preserving onions, harvesting is paramount. When the onions are harvested in a hurry or, conversely, too late, this negatively affects the further preservation of the crop. Often, to find out when to pick turnip or when to plant, use the lunar calendar.

When to pick onions

How to determine the ripeness of root crops

To make root crops easier to harvest, you need to take care of this even at the planting stage. The beds should not be too close to each other. Throughout the time of fruit ripening, it is necessary to loosen the soil, prevent drying out and release it from weeds. Harvesting onions usually falls in July - mid-August. It all depends on the condition of the top husk and tops. The ground should be yellow and completely fall to the ground. The ripening time of onions in total is approximately 68-83 days. If in doubt, it is necessary to make elementary mathematical calculations, adding the period of maturation with the date of planting.

When calculating, it is also necessary to rely on weather conditions. If the summer turned out to be rainy and cool, you need to wait longer, if on the contrary, remove the root crops early. People wise by experience advise to pay more attention to external signs. Do not forget that cleaning should be on a sunny windy day. An important point is the cleaning and storage of onions, which is important to pay the necessary attention.

Features of the collection

Turnip should be dug up in sunny weather, preferably on a windy day. Depending on what soil is on the site, select the appropriate tool for cleaning. On heavy soils, it is advisable to use a shovel; for light, you can take glanders. No need to rush much, otherwise you can damage the roots or the bottom, which will significantly reduce the shelf life. Start digging the soil should be 5-6 cm further than the beds itself.

Almost all people make one mistake when harvesting: they tap the ground from root crops on a hard surface. This is not worth doing, because the vegetable, although it has a rather dense structure, is completely unstable to mechanical damage. Even a single blow can provoke decay, therefore, by pulling the bulb from the garden, all the earth around it is removed manually.

An important point is the weather forecast. If at the end of summer rain is predicted, you need to harvest a little earlier, if, on the contrary, sunny weather, you can not rush.

The harvesting time will also depend on the climatic conditions of the region. The lunar calendar recommends cleaning the bow in the middle lane in mid-July. The summer of 2017 does not particularly indulge in warmth, so it is best to start cleaning around August 8th. In Siberia and the Urals, it is better to start harvesting in mid-August. It is also important to consider what kind of onion was planted.

You can plant onions for the winter. In pre-prepared beds they put seeds from the fall and leave them for the winter. People who have tested the method say that this method of planting gives excellent results and the onion hardly spoils during the entire storage time. However, this method can only be used in temperate regions, for example, in the Moscow region.

Preparatory work

Do not let root crops into the cellar immediately after harvesting. First you need to dry the onion. It is advisable to dry the root crop under the sun in the fresh air. However, weather conditions do not always make it possible to do this, so it is advisable to prepare for storage by spreading the onions in a well-ventilated area.

Bulb drying time is approximately 12 days. The bow must be periodically turned over. Next comes the sorting of ripened and unripened fruits. Immediately you should use unripe fruits in everyday life, but fully ripened fruits can be sent to the attic for the whole winter after trimming the feathers. For storage in the apartment, you can not cut off the feathers, but make a braid out of them and decorate the kitchen with onion bundles.

After the bulbs are thoroughly dried, they should be prepared for wintering as follows:

  • cut the roots, leaving 1-1.5 cm;
  • cut off the stems, leaving 7-10 cm;
  • remove excess husk and damage.

When to hide and assembly features in rainy weather

An important point is the determination of the preparedness of the harvest for harvesting in the cellar. Immediately after drying, you can pick up the fruit. You can find out that the onion is ready for winter storage by several signs:

  • outer flakes will be holistic;
  • if you put a hill out of the onion and try to get one onion from the middle, the hand will freely pass between the other fruits.

If the summer was rainy, you need to dry the crop twice. The second drying will take about 5 days, after that you can safely harvest in the cellar for the winter. It often happens that a long rainy season falls on the harvesting time: it’s time to dig up the turnip already, and the weather does not help at all. In this case, the onion is pulled out of the moist earth. After digging up the roots should be washed, remove excess husk, tops and rhizomes, then it is folded in one row in a dry room and left for 21 days.

After a while, new flakes will appear on the bow. Do not worry that the culture was collected in bad weather. If the onions are dried properly, it will also be stored well throughout the winter.

How to accelerate ripening

It often happens that the harvesting dates have already approached or the rainy season is on the nose, and the tops are green and even. In this case, resort to small tricks that will help the bow:

  • they dig in the bulbs and raise them a little;
  • prune the roots with the tip of a shovel;
  • expose the bulbs, raking the ground;
  • make the roots manually eroded, depriving them of contact with the nutrient medium.

It is important to remember that it is the root system that needs to be trimmed, but in no case should the ground part be mowed. Incorrect approach will result in crop loss.

How to collect testes?

Novice gardeners often ask the question, when can you start collecting seeds. Seeds are harvested when the first cracked capsules appear in the umbrellas. It is recommended to carry out the procedure in several stages, since the maturation of the umbrellas is uneven. The terms for harvesting seeds are about the same as the dates for harvesting. In dry weather, harvesting begins in late July, and with sufficient moisture, in mid-August. If the seeds have not yet ripened, and the first frosts on the nose, pull out the bulb with the root and put it in a warm place for full ripening.

It is best to cut umbrellas with sharp scissors. Manual plucking is not recommended, otherwise some of the seeds may wake up. Leave the small tip of the arrow. The collected umbrellas are dried and left until autumn, then the seeds are separated from the husks and the resulting clean seed is stored in cloth bags or in hermetically sealed glass containers.

Conclusions, generalizations

The timing of harvesting your onions will depend on several factors: variety, climatic conditions of the region, soil structure, weather conditions, soil moisture. Experienced gardeners say right away that it is simply impossible to calculate theoretically when to harvest turnip onions. The main criterion by which the degree of maturation is determined is the tops: when it turned yellow and lay on the ground, it was time to prepare the crop for storage. On average, onion ripening takes place in 70-75 days from the moment of planting. Usually, they begin to remove onions from the garden from mid-July. It is important to follow the weather forecasts, because you need to harvest the onions in dry weather. It is also recommended to stop watering 2 weeks before harvesting.

Storage of onions is closely related to proper cleaning. Correctly harvesting root crops is not as easy as it seems. It is necessary to take into account a lot of nuances and focus on visual data. In some cases, when the onion is already fully ripe, and the tops still have not fallen and have not turned yellow, you need to help him a little, eliminating the contact of the rhizome with a food source. In no case can you cut the tops, otherwise root crops will become infected and they will begin to rot.

If the end of summer is rainy, but you need to remove the onions, then you can dig it out of the moist earth. The main thing in this case is to properly dry the root crops, then the onions will be just as well stored as they are harvested according to all the rules. It will be even easier to collect from a wet bed of a bulb: it is important to choose the right time, and then you will not lose the harvest.

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