What varieties of carrots are suitable for Siberia
For each region, plants with specific growing characteristics are selected. Carrot varieties for Siberia should be characterized by frost resistance and resistance to climate change. Otherwise, choose universal types suitable for cultivation in any climate.
Varieties of carrots for Siberia
Suitable varieties for Siberia
To find out which carrots to plant in open ground in the southern or northern zone of the country, take into account the set of its characteristics. Planting material for growing plants is selected, depending on:
- resistance to climate change and disease;
- frost resistance;
- ripening duration;
- storage periods.
All varieties of carrots are divided into 3 groups, which differ in the growing season:
- early ripening - 80-100 days;
- mid-season - 101-120 days;
- later - more than 121 days.
Vegetables that do not have the longest ripening period are suitable for the northern regions. All types of vegetable crops are grown in greenhouses.
In Siberia, early and mid-season vegetable seeds are often planted. They manage to ripen and hold their presentation for longer when stored for a long time. Suitable early varieties include:
- Amsterdam It has fruits of a cylindrical shape, 12 cm in length. It grows in open ground and a greenhouse, has an average yield. The fruit has a rich, tasty, orange pulp. Vegetables do not crack.
- Lydia This is a triangular hybrid with a blunt rounded tip. It has a smooth peel and a bright orange surface.
- Alenka. The variety has a medium-sized root crop of a conical shape 15 cm long. The type is demanding, after germination it is covered with a film. Productivity - 10 kg per square meter. m
- Carotel Paris. This is an ovoid vegetable of small size, 6 cm long. It ripens in 3 months. It grows even on heavy clay soil.
Due to the taste, all options are suitable for making juices, mashed potatoes, preserves and salads.
All representatives of mid-ripening varieties are juicy and sweet, but have different sizes.
|one||Sentyabrina||20 cm long, cylindrical, bright orange. Use for storage or processing, especially in an oriental snack. Harvested in early summer.|
|2||Vitamin 6||The root crop has a blunt form, its weight is about 150 g. The fruit does not crack, has a large amount of carotene in its composition, therefore it is used for the preparation of infant and dietary mixtures and dishes.|
|3||Nantes||The growing season is 110 days. You can plant both in winter and in spring. This is a popular culture in the cities of Usolye and Perm. It contains a lot of sugar. The length of the vegetable is up to 17 cm.|
|four||Dayana||It does not require special growing conditions. Matures in 115 days. Productivity - up to 9 kg per sq. m. Root crop of fiery-orange color, conical shape. The weight of one vegetable Dayana ranges from 100 to 170 g.|
|5||Siberian Lungwort||The fruit is conical, orange-red. Its length is 16 cm, weight - up to 200 g. The variety is suitable for winter storage.|
Mid-season varieties have a sweet taste
Common types of mid-season vegetables in Siberia also include:
- Losinoostrovskaya 13;
- Children's joy;
- Nantes 4;
- NIIOKH 336.
All of these varieties bring a stable crop regardless of climatic conditions and retain their taste until spring. Good previous crops for them are potatoes, tomatoes, zucchini, cucumbers and onions.
Late-ripening varieties with a long growing season are rarely planted in the northern regions. But there are instances that are suitable for the harsh Siberian climate:
- Red giant;
- Sweet winter;
- Shantane 2461;
Before planting in open ground, the seeds are disinfected, a hardening procedure is carried out. The average weight of each vegetable is 300 g, the yield is up to 8 kg per sq. m. Fruits are suitable for winter storage.
Varieties for storage
So that the fruits of carrots are stored throughout the winter period, late-ripening and mid-ripening varieties are planted. It is also important to comply with storage rules, planting dates and growing conditions. With the correct temperature conditions in the storage location, root crops can reach until June. Suitable varieties include:
- Moscow winter;
- Queen of the fall.
Their seeds are presented in stores in a wide assortment. To increase the shelf life, clean and dry vegetables are wrapped in plastic bags. They are also placed in wooden or plastic containers.
Preparing carrots in Siberia for planting
Seeds must be prepared for planting
Before planting, a number of agricultural activities are carried out, starting with seed preparation.
For disinfection, planting material is tied in a cloth or gauze and kept for 24 hours in water with a temperature of 38 ° C-45 ° C, to which hydrogen peroxide is added. To do this, use 2 tbsp. l facilities. After that, the seeds are dried and sown in open ground.
In the North, carrots are planted in May, without the addition of fertilizers. She prefers light loamy or sandy loamy soil and a light area. 2 weeks before planting, humus is applied to the soil - 7 kg per square meter. m. Seeds are planted 2 cm in depth and at a distance of 3 cm from each other. Use the tape landing method. Planting stock is often mixed with sand before sowing.
To accelerate the emergence of seedlings, the plant is covered with polyethylene. As soon as green leaves appear, the film is removed, otherwise the sprouts will burn from a lack of oxygen. Also, the vegetable crop is thinned out when the third leaf appears.
Rules for storing carrots
So that the root crop of the vegetable crop does not crack and is stored for a long period, observe the storage rules:
- the storage location is disinfected, ventilated;
- set the temperature of the air in the store from 0 ° C to 4 ° C;
- wash carrots, dry, remove the tops;
- place vegetables at a distance from each other or wrap with polyethylene;
- stored in boxes with sawdust or sand.
Damaged root crops are not suitable for winter storage. Select specimens without cracks and scratches.
If a rotten fruit is found, it is carefully removed. If vegetables are stored in the apartment, they are wrapped in paper and placed in a box in a room with cool air. They are also stored in the refrigerator, but only washed, in a plastic container or in a bag.
Almost all early and mid-season carrots are grown in the Siberian climate. At the same time, all the rules of planting and storage are adhered to. Vegetable culture is selected according to yield indicators, sizes and ripening periods.