What types of honey mushrooms grow in the Leningrad region
For fans of "silent hunting" the season begins with the arrival of the first spring heat. Spring mushrooms in the Leningrad region are not too common. Their mass collection begins in the summer.
Mushrooms Honey fungus in the Leningrad region
A good addition to the daily diet are vegetables, fruits and forest delicacies, which include different types of mushrooms. Summer and autumn honey mushrooms in the Leningrad Region do not like loneliness. They grow on mossy stumps with whole families, in bulk, from which it is easy to prepare the most exquisite dishes for a large company.
The real mushrooms belong to the Fizalakriev family, another name is Amilaria. Translated from Latin, this means “bracelet”. They gave such a name, because this family grows like a ring or bracelet that encircles a fallen trunk or the base of a hemp.
More often they choose shaded and moist places, more often or in an old windbreak. From a small droplet remotely resembling a hat a group of adult individuals quickly emerges that have this description:
- thin plate shape of the hat;
- color changes from yellow to brown or brown;
- the leg is elegant, thin, not more than 10 mm;
- the base is beige;
- plates are frequent, whitish.
The older the mushrooms, the darker their leg and the less prominent bulge on top of the cap. Thin stripes are clearly visible from the edge. Thin plates grow along the edges, gradually darken and turn into a brown spore powder.
The honey agaric grows up to 18 cm in height. Overgrowths reach 23-25 cm. The leg is fibrous in structure, the older it becomes, the more fibrous it will be. Its cylindrical shape is “crammed” with the harmful substance chitin. Therefore, there is nothing useful in the legs and collecting mushrooms, they only take their hats.
Honey mushrooms are characterized by a small, pretty “skirt”, in the center of the leg, under which characteristic scales are visible, small, but clearly visible.
The pulp is slightly watery, loose. The slice does not change color. The aroma is strong.
In total, there are more than 40 species in the family of honey mushrooms in the world. In Russia, there are about 10 of them. In the Leningrad region, there are several especially popular, including edible and false ones.
Their difference in habitat, on which the external coloring, taste, aroma and chemical properties depend.
In northern mushrooms, the hat reaches 10 cm. It is convex, with an olive tint, it is often brown-orange. A bright spot is clearly visible in its center and the entire surface is covered with scales. A rough, uneven edge has a dark yellow color. And the leg becomes wider down and reaches a height of 10-12 cm. In some cases, its diameter is 2 cm. In the middle of the legs, dry to the touch, a film ring is visible, with small scaly formations. The pulp of the northern honey agaric is light, consistency like cotton wool, has a bright aroma and taste. This species grows in birch groves, on oak or alder. Fruits from late summer to October. If the season is warm, then it occurs in November.
The appearance of mushrooms depends on the habitat
Another species is edible. These are thick-legged autumn mushrooms that can be grown at home. Its Latin name is Armillaria lutea. The hat is conical, wide, with densified edges turned upside down. Its color is brown or yellow. Some hairiness of the surface is characteristic. The legs are noticeable, a slight thickening at the bottom and scales along the entire trunk, which grows up to 10 cm. The pulp is dense and cheese flavor. This is a lamellar type of saprophytes, which is found on a pillow of beautiful leaves, on fallen needles or bark. Families feel good on charred surfaces that fell after lightning on trunks of deciduous trees.
The Assumption view got its name from the holiday of the same name, the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The collection begins on the days of the holiday and lasts until the end of November, before the onset of frost. The leg is yellow or brown, thin, not more than 10 cm high. The color of the hat matches the color of the leg. A bulge is noticeable on the surface of the cap; from the bottom, it has frequently located plates. A thin “skirt” is visible on the leg, which eventually becomes thinner and tears.
In addition to edible, in the Leningrad region. false heels grow, conditionally edible or their poisonous counterparts. External description of conditionally edible mushrooms:
- spores have characteristic blueness;
- the main color is bright, yellow or orange;
- surface with a yellow tint;
- no flakes.
They can not be poisoned seriously. But if cooked incorrectly, soaked little or not cooked before basic cooking, symptoms of poisoning may occur: nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Plots of honey growth in the region
Cleared forests of mixed forests and larch are a suitable place for searching for autumn mushrooms. This is where the mushrooms go.
In Priozersk and Vyborg districts, a massive harvest occurs in early September. At this time of the year, the weather is still warm, but already wet, contributing to the rapid growth of new families.
Near the village of Sosnovo, which is located in the center of the forest, there are many pine trees. Whole clusters of autumn mushrooms settle on their basal necks.
In addition to these varieties, other mushrooms grow in this area: oyster mushroom, russula, breast, chanterelle and throat. And after a warm rain, the lucky ones manage to find boletus and boletus.
Honey mushrooms have useful properties that are due to their chemical composition. They are rich in phosphorus, potassium, fiber, vitamins and amino acids. Due to the fact that they are rich in fiber, they are called "forest meat." They are consumed in fasting, replacing the meat of birds or animals.
With anemia, they help the process of blood formation. To replenish the daily norm, you need to eat only 100 grams. autumn mushrooms.
To replenish calcium and potassium, they are indispensable in the nutrition of vegans and vegetarians, as these substances do not enter their body due to a lack of animal products.
It is not always easy to distinguish an edible mushroom from a false or poisonous one. Therefore, when harvesting, it is always important to carefully examine the mushrooms that fall into the basket to avoid health problems.