In what places does wormwood grass grow

Widow grass, Chernobyl, Evshan - all these are different names of the same plant. The generic Latin name Arteres is associated with the name of the Greek goddess Artemis. The Russian version originates from the word “flame”, “flame” due to the burning, bitter taste of grass. Where does wormwood grow, how is it used, what and how many varieties of it exist?

In what places does wormwood grass grow

General information

In total, more than 400 species are known, 170 of which grow in Russia. Belongs to the Astrov family. Unpretentious to external conditions, can do without moisture for a long time.

There are annual, biennial and perennial, as well as tall and stunted species.

Tall specimens

Representatives of this species reach a height of 80 cm to 2 meters, less often 2.5 m. Ideal for decorating a garden plot, making a hedge, decorating flower beds, etc.

Sacrificial (Gmelin)

It grows in the Far East, preferring glades, edges, meadows, river banks. It has a number of medicinal properties (analgesic, antipyretic, mucolytic, antiseptic, decongestant), because it contains in its composition:

  • essential oils;
  • tannins;
  • organic acids;
  • bioflavonoids, alkaloids, etc.

It is part of the drug Hamazulen.


Originally from Europe, has long been growing in West Asia, North Africa. Often grows:

  • on roadsides;
  • at the forest edges;
  • near residential buildings.

In the United States of America and the countries of southern Europe, oil is made from a bitter variety of grass. In the Leningrad region, Moscow and Moscow region, its collection for the preparation of absinthe at home is common.

It is used in a variety of areas:

  1. The medicine. Wormwood-based medicines and essential oils, thanks to their bitter taste, contribute to irritation of nerves from the taste buds. This leads to increased gastrointestinal function. Leaves for the drug are collected in the first flowering stage.
  2. Cooking It is a wonderful spice for fried meat dishes.
  3. The alcohol industry. Grass is part of absinthe.
  4. Textile industry. From the upper part, paint for fabric of various green shades is made.
  5. Gardening and horticulture. Used to destroy caterpillars, codling moth.

Reaches 2-meter growth. Description: The stalk is erect, has a pubescent silver color, reminiscent of felt. Flowers form spherical baskets in yellow.

Attention! Bitter shoots are contraindicated during pregnancy


Wormwood tincture can not be taken for a long time

Homeland is North America. Perennial variety, blooms in August. Helps in the fight against moths. As a medicine, it is found in various extracts, tinctures and decoctions. For their manufacture, the aboveground part of the shoots is used.

Caution! It is not recommended to take wormwood for a long period of time, this is fraught with the appearance of hallucinations, seizures, involuntary convulsive muscle contractions.

Milk flowering

It grows best in moist soil with a rich peat content, in areas with plenty of sunlight. A perennial look with large dark green leaves and creamy fragrant flowers.

To preserve the decorative properties, it needs periodic trimming. Often used as a decorating element in landscape design.


The common variety is widespread in many European countries, North Africa, North America, in Asia. In Russia, it can be found on almost the entire territory, throughout the entire Central European part (for example, it grows everywhere in the Kirov region, in Novgorod, etc.). The exception is the Amur River basin (Far East).

Likes the ordinary variety of wormwood to take hold of:

  • raw fields;
  • overgrown pastures;
  • roadsides;
  • banks of small rivers, ponds.

It is a weed that is difficult to remove.

One year

It can be found in the southeast and south of Europe, in Central and East Asia. Prefers to choose areas near the railways, with a high content of sand. It gained the greatest fame in the 70s of the twentieth century as a substance that is part of the drug for malaria.

It is used for other purposes:

  • modern medicine is used to treat dysentery;
  • in cosmetology goes to the manufacture of soap, perfume;
  • the textile industry receives yellow-lemon dye for leather, wool and silk products and red for leather items.

On the garden site you can take and plant an annual as a decoration.


It grows in the western and eastern Siberian steppes, in Central Asia. In the form of a decoction, it perfectly cures tonsillitis, as a powder it helps with toothache, the infusion is used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and heart.

Undersized varieties

Wormwood has healing properties.

They are smaller in comparison with tall varieties. In the descriptions there are specimens from 80 to 20 cm in height.


It grows in Western Siberia, Central Asian countries. Distributed both in the steppe region, and in forest glades and edges. It looks very nice because of the stems of a reddish hue, the same reddish small flowers and densely green leaves.

The lower part contains artemisia-ketone, dehydrofolcarinone, the upper - rubber, essential oils, phenolcarboxylic acids, which give the variety healing properties. It helps with:

  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • epileptic seizures;
  • urological and gynecological diseases.

The composition of the leaves and pork fat is used as a wound healing agent.


It is found in the Alpine mountains, on the southeast side. The leaves are very low, they smell strongly and look like they were coated with a layer of silver.

It is most often used as a decor on sites. In winter, the beautiful silver look of leaf plates is preserved.


It is found in North Asia, North China. It is divided into:

  • steppe open spaces;
  • in coniferous forests;
  • on the mountain slopes.

It has medicinal properties: antipyretic, warming. Used for diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract, bronchitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis.


It grows in Japan, Norway, the Far East, preferring rocky mountain slopes. The natural beauty of silver openwork leaves turns the shoots into a good decorative adornment. Looks good on flower beds with colorful bright flowers, on artificial pebble slides, etc.


Perennial variety, reaching a height of 20 cm. The most common application: decor borders, flower beds. Has a pleasant spicy aroma with bitterness. Leaflets dissected, small flowers.


Wormwood is characterized by a wide variety of varieties, applications, places of growth. This makes it a very interesting topic to study.


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