What is paresis in a cow
Paresis in a cow after calving is a frequent occurrence. Representatives of cattle acquire such a pathology for several reasons. The main one is metabolic disturbance. Postpartum paresis is characterized by a large number of symptoms that occur in an acute form. The appearance of such a pathology requires urgent intervention from the owner of the animal, as well as veterinarians. If this is not done, the disease will knock over the calving cow, and may even take her life.
Paresis in a cow after calving
Why is the problem of postpartum paresis so urgent among breeders
The development of pathology occurs in 5-8 years of the animal's life. This is caused by signs of active lactation. No less important in the appearance of the disease and the duration of the stall.
The disease itself is classified as neurological. It is caused by damage to the nerve endings of the udder, which are responsible for motor function. The damage done to this vital system completely paralyzes the movements of the animal. Paralysis extends to the extremities, digestive organs and pharynx.
Paresis of the udder is one of the most acute farming problems worldwide. Up to 30% of female animals are infected with this disease. A quarter of them die or require forced slaughter. Such statistics indicate huge losses to livestock breeders. In addition, those individuals who managed to be cured are destined to suffer from serious consequences - poor immunity and hypogalactia.
Causes of pathology
The exact cause of paresis in cows after calving is not known to veterinarians. There are only a number of factors indicating the likelihood of developing such a disease. Experts associate the symptoms of the disease with metabolic disorders in the body of the animal. A paresis female often has signs of hypocalcemia. This pathological condition is characterized by a critical loss of calcium that occurs during lactation. That is, after calving, an important substance for an animal is utilized from the body with breast milk, which feeds calves.
There is another possible cause of the disease. The disease occurs against a background of dysfunction of the thyroid gland of a cow during childbirth. With such a problem, the animal sharply increases the amount of calcium and magnesium in the blood. This condition adversely affects the state of nerve cells, which is expressed as paresis.
Paresis in a cow has another theory of occurrence. According to the observations of specialists, if a female has signs of intensive insulin production, the probability of paresis is 56%. In addition, ordinary hypothermia or prolonged stagnation in the stall can provoke this terrible pathology. The active activity of the pancreas leads to its accumulation. If the insulin reaches a critical level in the cow's body, it can fall into a hypoglycemic coma. This condition is characterized by:
- loss of consciousness;
- violation of coordination;
- paralysis of the limbs;
- numbness of the organs of the oral cavity;
- a critical decrease in blood pressure.
Poor blood vessels and low blood pressure make it difficult for the blood to enter the brain. This leads to anemia, which creates all the conditions for the occurrence of paresis in cows after calving.
Signs of paresis
The appearance of paresis in cows can occur 12-48 hours after calving. Often, pathology manifests itself on the fourth day. Primary symptoms can be determined immediately after labor. If the cow first time after the end of labor does not return to normal blood pressure, this becomes a cause for concern. A healthy animal body recovers quickly, within 15-20 minutes.
If you suspect postpartum paresis, veterinarians advise you to pay attention to other possible symptoms:
- unhealthy appearance;
- refusal of food;
- excited look;
- decrease in body temperature;
- rapid panting.
All these symptoms make it possible to identify postpartum paresis in cows in a timely manner, at the initial stage of the development of the disease. If this is not done in time, the pathology acquires an acute course and the following symptoms appear:
- trembling limbs and their weakness;
- lack of coordination;
- dilated pupils;
- loss of consciousness;
There are other signs of paresis of the udder, which are hidden from human eyes (leak in the internal organs). Postpartum paresis is characterized by a stoppage of the digestion process, obstruction of the feces in the intestines (feces harden and are not excreted), similar signs are observed with the state of the bladder: paralysis of motor activity does not create conditions for spontaneous urination.
Addressed to farmers
The similarity of paresis of the udder to other diseases can confuse the correct diagnosis. At the initial stage of postpartum syndrome, some farmers confuse acetonemia, which also has signs of limb weakness. Self-help can only harm the animal, therefore it is better to entrust the treatment to professionals.
Most often, confusion with the diagnosis arises not because of acetonemia, but because of the fetal age. This condition has similar symptoms with paresis of the udder. The cow also has difficulty breathing, has weakness in the limbs, and refuses to eat. Even the most important sign of pathology coincides - low blood pressure. It will be difficult for the farmer to determine the pathology independently without the help of veterinarians, so the call of professionals will be appropriate for any symptoms similar to paresis of the udder.
The importance of timely diagnosis
Farmers, at least once faced with paresis in a cow, are aware of the need for timely contacting specialists for help, because after 10-12 hours of inactivity the animal may die. The acute nature of the signs of pathology instantly affects the reflexes of the cow, makes its breathing difficult and reduces the body in convulsions.
Timely help from a veterinarian quickly returns the cow to life: its blood pressure normalizes, and the body reacts to touch. For several hours, the animal may try to stand on its feet and defecate. His appetite will also recover, after which he can be fed.
Features of the treatment of paresis
Treatment of paresis most effectively affects the condition of the cow in the first few hours after the onset of signs of the disease. It is carried out on the farm by a veterinarian. First, an injection of a 10% solution of calcium chloride with glucose is made, then other injections are administered and therapeutic procedures are carried out. A sick cow should:
- Inject a 10% solution of caffeine-sodium benzoate.
- Inject a 25% solution of magnesia and vitamin D2.
- Blow air into the udder. This procedure helps to stop blood circulation.
Paresis treatment is carried out only with the use of injectable drugs. This is due to the difficult use of funds for oral use. The animal's throat is paralyzed and cannot take medication. The dosage of drugs is determined by a specialist.
Blowing air into the udder allows the cow to recover from active milk production. After such a procedure, it will be easier to treat the animal.
The following actions should be aimed at heating the cow. It should be covered with warm blankets or wiped with hay.
Sometimes a cow cannot empty the intestines and bladder on its own, so you need to do this artificially. The veterinarian must inject an enema into the rectum of the cow and empty the bladder with a catheter.
Folk remedies and other treatments for paresis
Veterinarians do not recommend treating paresis with folk remedies. Pathology requires serious emergency measures that can save the animal’s life, and any non-traditional methods of treatment can only partially affect the disappearance of certain signs, but not reduce the risk of a life threat. So, many cattle breeders with paresis in a cow introduce foreign milk into the udder. This procedure is an alternative to breathing air. This action is performed using a smooth milk feed system constructed from a syringe and tube. This allows the injected fluid to enter the udder, gradually covering all problem areas. The amount of milk needed may vary. It depends on the physiological characteristics of the cow itself.
No less often hormonal agents are used to treat paresis in a cow. Favorably affects her health "dihydrotachysterol" in the form of an intramuscular injection. It increases the level of calcium in the body of the animal, which accelerates the healing process. Within 30-40 minutes after the injection, the cow can react to human touch, and as soon as she gets on her feet, the farmer should milk it. A similar procedure also saves the animal from mastitis.
You can drink water to a cow only after 12 hours. Give her water starting from 1 liter per hour, gradually increasing the volume of 1.5 liters.
Features of prevention
Birth paresis is treated hard and for a long time. Only a qualified specialist who monitors the cow can help cope with it until the threat to life is minimal. This can take up to 16 hours. In addition, a full recovery will take several weeks. You can avoid all this using the preventive methods of paresis.
Prevention of paresis consists of several rules that allow you to save the health of the animal.
The first thing to do is to organize a cow a balanced diet. The diet needs to be fortified as much as possible. The drug necessary for their immunity can be bought in specialized veterinary pharmacies.
Prevention of paresis also consists of:
- A regular blood test of the cow. The study will help control the level of nutrients in the body and timely notice their lack.
- Thorough care of the cow and regular cleaning of the place of its maintenance.
- Daily livestock walking in the fresh air.
- Changes in the diet of the cow 7-10 days before birth.
- Restoring the water-salt balance, for which the cow for some time after birth is given a saline solution instead of water.
According to the observations of farmers and veterinarians, cows that previously had paresis in 70% of cases suffer from it after subsequent calving, so the farmer should be prepared for emergency action to save the life of the animal. You can prepare medicines, blankets, and other products in advance to help relieve symptoms of the cow.