What mushrooms grow in the Minsk region

Belarus is located in the temperate continental climate zone. Summer and spring in the republic are warm and humid. Therefore, mushrooms of the Minsk region are harvested from early spring to late autumn. Some "hunters" manage to harvest not bad crops in winter, under a layer of snow or on tree trunks.

Mushrooms in the Minsk region

Main characteristics

Unusual forest organisms number about 100, 000 species worldwide. In Belarus, about 200 of them grow, of which 60 are considered edible. All mushrooms near Minsk have their own category, in terms of edibility and taste.

Edibility categories:

  • edible;
  • conditionally edible;
  • inedible;
  • poisonous.

The first 2 categories are completely safe for the human body. They are prepared in different ways, and species that belong to the 1st category (mushrooms, russula, white and cargo) are suitable for food without heat treatment.

Conditionally edible and inedible is better to pre-soak and rinse several times in running water. All milky juice will come out with water and with it an unpleasant bitterness, which can spoil the taste of the finished dish.

Edible species

Minsk forests are rich in berries, medicinal herbs and mushrooms.

Forest mushrooms are summer, autumn, winter and spring. But nevertheless, the end of August and the beginning of September is traditionally considered the best period for mass gathering for these places.

The most popular in Minsk region:

  • ankle;
  • white
  • morels;
  • boletus;
  • chanterelles;
  • oily.

Morels and lines appear first from under the snow - their hats are wrinkled, which sharply differs from other species. After the May holidays, raincoats come to replace them.

In early June, the earth begins to warm up. And from under last year's pretty leaves appear wet hats oily. They have a colorful look. Their description cannot but attract attention. Brownish smooth and shiny hats of young individuals proudly flaunt on a dense cylindrical leg. The pulp on the cut smells pleasant and has a light beige hue. A kink will not change its color even after an hour.

In the conifers and in mixed forests at the end of June, representatives of the species Polish mushroom appear. Outwardly, they are a bit like white. Velvety delicate hats attract attention. Leg is thick and yellow on a cut. The aroma is strong and pleasant.

Champignons are universal mushrooms, they are good in any form. They bear fruit from June to October. White hats stand out clearly under the fallen leaves. Under the outer layer of the cap is a thin film connected to the leg. In older specimens, it bursts and separates from the base. The flesh of these forest beauties has a slightly pink tint.

Belarusians deservedly consider the white mushrooms to be the most valuable, which appear in July and delight their fans until the end of October. Their aroma and taste are unique: bright and strong, fully balanced. Their flesh does not change its color in any form, even dry it remains completely white. For this quality, mushrooms got their name, which has become over time and universally recognized in science.

Ginger and chanterelles certainly deserve attention. They look attractive. They taste great.

Irina Selyutina (Biologist):

The chanterelle has its doubles, however, upon careful examination, you can notice that the similarity is superficial. The first double: the fox is false . It is characterized by the following points:

  • the hat is orange, not yellow;
  • the leg is delimited from the cap;
  • the edges of the hat are flat, not wavy;
  • plate-shaped hymenophore, not folded;
  • the leg is hollow, not solid;
  • the pulp is dense, cotton-like (in older adults), and not elastic.

The second double: yellow hedgehog (but only a very inattentive person can mix it up with a fox). Here it is enough to look at the hymenophore - in the chanterelle it is folded, and in the hedgehog - it is represented by many spines that can easily be separated from the bottom surface of the hat.

Mushroom places near Minsk have about 4 species of honey mushrooms. They are summer and autumn, meadow and field. Always grow up in large families. From one place it is easy to collect more than one full basket and feed them a good company.

Inedible and poisonous species

Poisonous mushrooms should not be put in the basket for edible

Poisonous Mushrooms:

  • death cap;
  • bile fungus;
  • Amanita muscaria;
  • false chanterelle;
  • false foam;
  • poisonous ranks and talkers;
  • satanic mushroom;
  • pepper mushroom.

Pale grebe can cause poisoning, even after the usual contact with them. Her toxins are strong and penetrate the skin through the skin, causing vomiting, diarrhea and fever. All mushrooms that have been in contact with her automatically become poisonous, they must be thrown out without regret - after all, your life and health are at stake.

Irina Selyutina (Biologist):

Pepper mushroom prefers dry coniferous forests and is found from July to late autumn. It can form mycorrhiza with young birch trees. This type of mushroom is often confused with oils - not for nothing is its synonym - butterdish. It differs from oil:

  • taste (bitter, pungent);
  • the color of the hymenophore: red, but in real butterflies it is yellowish;
  • leg: lack of a film ring.

In the literature, it is often indicated that a butterdish is “inedible due to an acute pepper taste”. However, many experienced mushroom pickers believe that:

  • you can eat it by adding to the mushroom dish instead of pepper;
  • after prolonged cooking, the unpleasant pungent taste disappears.

Toad mushrooms are often confused toadstool and false feathers. Satanic or bile are considered noble white. But upon careful examination, at the satanic one, a small black net is visible on the leg, and the gallstone gives out an unpleasant aroma and a burning taste that does not disappear even after soaking.

Hallucinogenic species

Several species of rare hallucinogenic forest organisms grow on the territory of Belarus:

  • paneolus moth (moth dung);
  • hay dung;
  • sharp fiber;
  • Mycene is pure;
  • smelly rowing;
  • Juno gimonopil.

They include the so-called psychoactive substances that cause a disorder of the nervous system. This substance is psilocin and with its repeated use, a painful condition occurs, leading to personality degradation and schizophrenia.

Where to look for mushrooms

A map of the region of mushroom places in Minsk indicates that many edible species grow along the highway.

  • Vitebsk direction: along the highway, 4 km from Logoisk and to the village of Pleschenitsy there are good clearings with oils and boletus.

the villages of Mostishche and Aleshniki (12 km from the city) are excellent places for collecting honey mushrooms.

The bus Logoysk – Ugly – Shvaba regularly runs from the bus station. Having reached it to the agricultural town of Zembin, you can collect in the nearby woodland a crop of camelina and chanterelle mushrooms. Near the village, along the pedestrian paths, there are Russula and spring morels.

Khatyn forest traditionally gives lovers in it “hunt” rich harvests of various species of forest organisms. Throughout the season, a huge number of lovers of these delicacies come here.

  • Vilejščyna: to the village Ilya, located here, is best accessible by car. Mushroom places are located near the recreation center "Economist". This region is characterized by an annual good harvest of russula, barn, and morels.
  • Stolbtsy village: famous for its chanterelles, aspen mushrooms, autumn mushrooms and boletuses. It is better to look for them near the tourist center “High Coast”, and get more comfortable by car, along the Brest highway, before turning to the village of Nikolayevshchina. If this is not possible, then you can go by train or by bus. Buses run regularly in the Brest direction from the central bus station in Minsk.
  • Talkovskoye direction: ideal for hiking, there are a lot of mushrooms here in summer and autumn. It is easier to drive by train from the central station and through the field reach the forest, past summer cottages, along the river. The interval of such a walk varies from 5 to 20 km. Therefore, good physical fitness does not hurt.

Conclusion

Mushroom picking is a pleasant and rewarding experience. In the forest you need to take a sharp knife, a convenient box or basket, a compass, a supply of water and protection from mosquitoes.

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