What mushrooms grow in June
Although summer is not considered a mushroom season, it is useful to find out which mushrooms grow in June. Many mushroom pickers in a short time can harvest, which is not inferior in variety to the autumn.
What mushrooms grow in June
Where and when to pick mushrooms
June mushrooms are harvested at the beginning or middle of the month. The gathering place is light, heated areas from the edge of the forests. Search is on the hillocks and small glades. Some species bear only 5-10 days.
It is important to observe the weather:
- a lot of mushrooms will appear if the weather was warm and rainy;
- the wave ends with the advent of heat.
Some species are found in the forests all summer and autumn. True, in dry, hot weather, they are much less than in rainy autumn.
Types of summer mushrooms
At the beginning of June, a white mushroom appears, red fly agaric, Russula, brown boletus, chanterelles, chanterelles, honey mushrooms. Champignons are found in places, but rarely.
In late May and early June, the May mushroom appears. It is found in meadows, pastures. The collection is made from late April to early July. This is a bright white fleshy fruit, the smell of pulp resembles fresh flour. The hat is cream colored, then whitens.
Its variety - white spikelet mushroom - is found in oak forests on clay soil, as well as mixed on the soil with abundant sand content. He lives only a decade, so you should hurry to find him.
The first mushrooms in June can be represented only by red mushrooms. It is important to distinguish edible species from true fly agaric. The panther is especially similar to him:
- Worms often live in edibles; flies land on it.
- The smell of an edible species is unappetizing, while the poisonous flesh smells like radish.
- On a non-poisonous scrap, the flesh changes color over time.
Forest fruits are dangerous, poisoning can be fatal, so if there is doubt about the edibility of the fruit, it is better to leave it in place.
Russula appear among birches. They are easy to find on moss or in the shade of trees. Russula, like a flywheel and honey mushroom, will be in the forests throughout the summer.
Honey mushrooms grow in groups on stumps in deciduous forests, less often in coniferous. The collection of these species is also carried out discreetly: there are false mushrooms, among them the galerine is bordered. Signs that distinguish it from edible:
- she has a uniform hat color;
- there is a white coating on the leg under the hat.
In the middle of the month, boletuses appear. They are also found in late May. At the beginning of the summer month, they temporarily disappear, but then appear.
Almost all summers they are looking for oak trees. Until the middle of the month, sulfur-yellow tinder fungi are actively growing.
Some mushrooms are available for collection all June-July. So, the chanterelles grow on moss, they are harvested until October.
In the forests and glades they collect redheads, oleagins, sodlings, and bitter. The latter species is likely to be found everywhere: it is unpretentious to soil, moisture, and lighting. It grows in coniferous and deciduous forests, ends the season with the first cold.
The milky juice of the species has the smell of a freshly sawn tree. On the cut, it is actively allocated, the flesh does not darken.
It is important to beware of pale grebes that begin to appear in late June and early July.
You cannot pick mushrooms near roads, chemical plants, private homes.
Mycelium (the root system of fungi) actively feeds on the fact that it enters the soil. Even edible species grown in a polluted environment should not be eaten. You cannot pick mushrooms, the appearance of which is unknown to the mushroom picker.
At the first signs of poisoning, they call an ambulance and begin to carry out urgent intoxication of the body.
Rules for processing forest mushrooms:
- Sort them by size and type, remove dirt and other organic substances from them.
- Cut off rotten or too soft parts, suspicious areas. In some species, peel off the cap and remove the leg.
- Rinse forest fruits under running water several times. Collect washed and boil in boiling salted water for 5-7 minutes.
- Drain the broth, rinse the mushrooms again and cook for another 30 minutes. in salted water.
For further drying, they are not washed, only trash is removed.
Boiled for eating and canning. Boil will not be amiss for further frying. Unused fruits are stored in the refrigerator, frozen for the winter. Homemade food is consumed throughout the year.
The mushroom picking in June is suitable for experienced mushroom pickers and for those who want to enjoy fresh forest gifts. The first June species are porcini mushrooms, red fly agarics, chanterelles, honey agarics, brown mushrooms, polypore, oak trees, and bitter.
Mushrooms can be harvested in June in the forest, in the meadow. Do not go to collect them near roads, enterprises, private homes. All collected trophies must be sorted and boiled. They do not wash them for drying.