What mushrooms grow in the east and west of Moscow region
Mushrooms in the east and west of Moscow suburbs come across at every turn. Even a beginner will not be left without a crop.
Mushrooms in the East and West of Moscow Region
Edible and conditionally edible forest organisms are suitable for food. Without heat treatment, it is allowed to eat only edible species, which include russula, champignon.
Conditionally edible mushrooms have a bitter unpleasant aftertaste, so they are soaked for a long time, in some cases up to 8-10 hours, so that all the bitterness comes out.
Poisonous species can not be eaten. Their toxins at home are difficult to remove. The venom of a pale toadstool is so toxic that it can penetrate the skin, be absorbed into the bloodstream and cause severe poisoning, leading to death.
Taste categories of mushrooms
Mushroom places near Moscow in the west and east are rich in various types of forest organisms, which according to their taste are divided into 4 categories:
- with a pronounced aroma and taste: brown boletus, mushrooms, white, mushrooms and fawn;
- fragrant, with a characteristic taste: oily, boletus, Polish and all kinds of champignons;
- with an average taste and aroma: honey agarics, flywheels, morels;
- with a specific taste and weak aroma (conditionally edible group).
The first two categories are used for cooking any dishes: hot, first and second, side dishes, etc. From the third category more are pastes and cold snacks.
The fourth is filled with conditionally edible organisms that do not have a bright taste and require pre-treatment: soaking and cooking. Spices are added to them. This category is often used for pickling, pickling.
Types of mushrooms near Moscow
The west and east of Moscow Region is famous for its large harvests of mushrooms throughout the season, which begins in the spring, when the air warms up, and the humidity does not yet have time to evaporate. Fans of the collection need to know what differences are in edible and not edible forest organisms.
Early Mushrooms of Moscow Region
On last year's foliage, the first spring species are collected in the forest and meadows:
- thyroid discine;
They are not too aromatic, but useful, well enrich the spring diet after the winter period.
Then morels and lines appear. They prefer nutritious soils of deciduous forests, especially with willow. They are later found in spruce forests or under pine trees. After the first rains, the hats of raincoats, which are found in open forest glades or in meadows, increase.
Honey agarics, appearing in May, delight until the end of September. Oyster mushrooms prefer to breed with the first heat on fallen okra or needles.
Forests of Moscow region will please you with porcini mushrooms
In the last days of May and early June, summer mushrooms of the Moscow region begin to appear. These include:
- common oil;
- White mushrooms;
- forest champignons;
- summer mushrooms;
- oily grainy;
- pluteei deer
Each of them prefers his place. Some create mycosis with fir trees, and some feel good under larch trees. The last days of August are rich in mushrooms and mushrooms.
Autumn is a season rich in harvests of vegetables, fruits, berries and mushrooms. The west and east of Moscow Region are distinguished by special harvests of autumn honey mushrooms, they are found until the frosts on old stumps or in dry thickets of nettles.
Everywhere at this time of the year black breasts and real saffron mushrooms are widespread.
Not edible species
Poisonous mushrooms include the following:
- fly agaric;
- yellowing, orange champignons;
Some poisonous species are especially common in the Moscow Region forests:
- gray float;
- ordinary fun;
- luminous talker;
- snarled winter;
Satanic and bile mushrooms are poisonous white brothers. The difference is in the black fine mesh on the satanic's leg. Bile mushroom has a bitter unpleasant taste. Its kink turns yellow in the air, which never happens with white.
Pale grebe is dangerous similar to honey mushrooms. The difference is in a small thin skirt on the leg. Toadstool doesn't have it. Because of the poison, most of the poisonings leading to death occur. It penetrates even growing mushrooms nearby, if their hats touch.
Where is better to collect
To get to the mushroom places, it is not necessary to have your own car. A bus or train will bring you to the right place, you just need to determine which station is suitable and which kilometer from the city is more profitable to collect.
In a westerly direction, at the Podrezkovo station, on the right side of Skhodny, near Ivanovsky and Korostovo, a lot of brown boletus and boletus are gaining. To get there simply by metro from Glider or by car. It is 9 km from MKAD along the Leningradskoye Shosse.
In the east direction there is Sofrino station, in the Pushkin district. At 4 km from it, near the villages of Mitropolie and Novovoronino, annually collect white milk mushrooms, honey mushrooms and Russula. Less common are boletus and porcini mushrooms. By car they drive along the Moscow Ring Road, through the Yaroslavl Highway, up to 36 km or by train from the Yaroslavl Station straight to Sofrino.
Another favorite place for hunters of porcini mushrooms, aspen, boletus and butter is Ramensky district, near the station Gzhel. You can get there by bus number 325 and number 36 or by train, which runs daily from the Kazan station on schedule. If you go by car, it is better along the Yegoryevsky highway, from the Moscow Ring Road to 43 km. In the Ramensky district there are a lot of deadwood, so honey mushrooms grow from spring to late autumn.
In the western direction there is a forest beyond Desna, 2 km from the platform, about a. Svistino and with. Timonino. In these places, a lot of boletus and cap boletus are usually recruited. In the spruce trees after the rain a lot of oil. There is an electric train to the Dachnaya station from the Kiev railway station, and regular buses departing from the central bus station every day, which are popularly called "mushroom" (No. 50, 1031 and 490)
When walking through the forest to harvest, you must have a sharp knife, mosquito nets and a basket with holes for ventilation: this is how the crop is stored better. Observe safety rules, do not put unfamiliar or suspicious mushrooms in a basket, take care of nature, do not litter, do not break trees, do not burn bonfires.