What is the most common Indoor disease?
Indoor women are a fairly popular species of poultry found in many private farmsteads. The secret of the growing popularity of this breed lies in good health, unpretentiousness, as well as in rapid weight gain. At the same time, even a strong immune system is not able to provide complete protection against ailments, so for many the question of why indolescents are ill is extremely important. In this article we will analyze the common diseases of the indigenous.
Among the most common infectious diseases, there are those that are transmitted in various ways, and all breeds are equally affected. At the same time, there are diseases to which only indigenous women are exposed, which makes their treatment specific.
Indoor duck belongs to the category of poultry for which the presence of vitamins and other beneficial elements in the feed is a vital factor. Indoor diseases associated with a lack of vitamins are divided into several categories, depending on which element is deficient. That is why novice poultry farmers should carefully study the information on how this or that type of vitamin deficiency manifests itself and, based on the knowledge gained, organize the treatment of ailments.
Especially closely should be observed for young animals, since young organisms indo-creatures are not able to independently deal with the problem for a long time. If improperly maintained, the weft may collide with:
- lack of vitamins of group A;
- lack of vitamins of groups B and D.
Each of these diseases has a number of its own characteristics, therefore, methods of their treatment should be considered individually.
Cloacite is the scientific name for complex vitamin deficiency, which is characterized by a serious lack of a number of substances (including minerals and vitamins) in the body that are responsible for vital functions. The cause of the disease may be problems that arise during the laying of eggs, as well as non-compliance with proper nutrition.
Symptoms of such a disease are mainly manifested in the area of the anus or cesspool, as a result of which it received this name. It should be noted that not only indigenous women, but also other types of poultry suffer from this disease, however, it is for the described birds that the disease is typical, since birds are very demanding on a balanced diet.
This disease is characteristic for both ducklings and adult indolets, so the balance of feed must be monitored throughout life. The cause of the development of the disease may be the lack of a whole vitamin complex, including group A, D, and E, as well as minerals.
Symptoms often manifest as inflammatory processes on the mucous membrane, and in case of neglect, the lesion can also pass to tissues that begin to decompose. A secondary symptom can be considered lethargy, as well as apathy uncharacteristic for the behavior of a healthy bird, problems with appetite and constipation. Home treatment can be very effective and should include the use of an antibacterial drug, as well as a weak iodine solution. As an agent against inflammation, drugs can be involved, the effective basis of which is streptomycin. If all the recommendations are followed, the bird is quickly recovering and in the future can live a full life.
Vitamin A deficiency
Insufficient amount of vitamins of group A is dangerous for both chicks and mature indole. It should be noted that the bird feels this deficiency at any age, however, it is precisely on this indicator that the characteristic features of the external manifestation largely depend. In an adult, vitamin A deficiency manifests itself through vulnerability and susceptibility to injury, as bone tissues become more fragile. In addition, in most adult birds with such problems, there are deficiencies in the digestive system, as well as visual impairment.
For ducklings, vitamin A deficiency can cause slow development. In this case, the development of this disease largely depends on the health status of the laying hen. Deficiency of these substances in the mother leads to poor development of the embryo, and in some situations can lead to the fact that the chick in the egg cannot fully form. In general, it can be said with certainty that for young ducklings, the lack of this particular vitamin is the biggest problem. Such problems often lead to the fact that a prosperous economy ceases to be profitable, since a huge blow to the development of livestock is dealt.
As already noted, the symptoms of the disease can occur in indigenous women at any age, therefore, observation of this problem should not be neglected.
Based on the above facts, we can conclude that the following may be cause for concern:
- problems of the development of chicks;
- apathetic state;
- violation of coordination of movement;
- general weakness.
The presence of such symptoms should be a clear signal for the breeder to seek specialized help from a veterinarian who can make an accurate diagnosis and develop an effective treatment regimen. A call to the veterinarian is also necessary because the symptoms of the disease include a general weakening of the immune system, as a result of which any infection for ducklings or adult indolets can become fatal. In such a situation, prevention is an essential element of the overall treatment of the disease and should be based on the use of special vitamin supplements.
Vitamin B deficiency
A problem with an imbalance of vitamin B can also have a serious negative effect on the bird's body. First of all, the nervous system suffers from these problems, since it is an important element for its functioning. A similar problem can lead to the following symptoms appearing:
- disorders of the nervous system.
The severity of these symptoms largely depends on the level of vitamin deficiency. In some cases, these failures can be fatal, as the birds suffocate from paralysis of the respiratory system. The treatment of such problems is quite simple, and consists in saturating the diet with the necessary substances, after which the symptoms disappear.
At risk are birds that are raised in specialized enterprises, since their main diet is combined feed. The main suppliers of this vitamin are sifted wheat or greens, which are practically not used on an industrial scale. At home, saturating the diet with these components will help to quickly level out the situation. As an additional source of vitamin B, you can use feed with the addition of a small amount of milk.
As with other diseases that are caused by vitamin deficiency, the solution to this problem is on the surface. In order not to aggravate the situation, when the first symptoms occur, it is necessary to seek help from specialists, as well as use vitamin complexes to maintain the general state of health of the indigenous.
Vitamin D deficiency
Deficiency in the body of this vitamin has a medical name - rickets. As a result of the development of the disease, the cartilaginous tissues of the bird become thinner, and therefore more fragile. All these processes occur because vitamin D helps the body absorb all the nutrients. This problem is also typical of birds kept in factories, for the same reasons that they are deficient in vitamin B. They are sick not only because of the food supply, but also because they are sorely lacking in sunlight, which also a supplier of vitamins of group D.
Treatment in this situation should be based on significant changes in the diet, where fish oil, inert flour, and ground shells of marine inhabitants should be added. In addition, a sick bird should have access to walks in the fresh air. It should be noted that ducklings and adult indole must be kept in spacious and sunlight-saturated rooms.
At the same time, the glut of the body of the indigo with vitamins is fraught with the development of problems of a different kind, which also negatively affect key vital signs. The manifestation of the disease can be carried out through an excessively thick shell on the eggs. That is why the search for a reasonable balance is the most important task for both beginners and experienced poultry breeders.
Types of infectious diseases
Despite a sufficiently strong immune system, diseases of an infectious nature are not uncommon for an indigenous woman. This is primarily due to the rather rapid pace of the spread of diseases of this kind, with which the immunity of most birds alone can not cope with. An alarming symptomatology, indicating that an infection is progressing in the body, must necessarily become an occasion for seeking qualified veterinary care. Such diseases progress rapidly, so any delay can lead to complete or partial loss of livestock. Most often, indigenous breeders encounter paratyphoid fever and coccidiosis; they can be effectively treated exclusively under the strict supervision of a veterinarian.
Coccidiosis belongs to the category of diseases that affect absolutely all types of domestic waterfowl. The main problem of this ailment is the high variability of its distribution. Coccidia (the causative agent of the disease) can be transmitted by contact of domestic animals with wild birds, infected animals and their droppings, through bedding. Another potential source of infection is dampness, the presence of which in the barn or aviary for indolets should be excluded.
This infection is very tenacious and can stay on the wall or floor of the room where the birds are kept for a long time. Based on this, even after the indoor woman has undergone treatment, the room can be fraught with danger and must be disinfected.
Most often, the symptoms of the disease occur in birds aged 2 weeks to 2 months. The main one is the appearance of bloody diarrhea, which is characteristic of all birds that fell under the influence of infection. In addition, sick birds refuse food, and also quickly lose weight. The lack of timely treatment leads to the fact that most birds die, because against this background, the intestinal walls are destroyed - a process that cannot be reversed at a late stage of the disease.
How to behave
Treatment and prevention of such diseases should be combined by adding special preparations (for example, sulfadimezin) to the feed at the dosage agreed with the veterinarian, otherwise the development of the disease cannot be avoided.
Indoor infectious diseases can manifest themselves in the form of paratyphoid. This disease is nothing more than salmonellosis, the most dangerous ailment not only for birds, but also for animals. The danger lies in the fact that birds of any age are equally exposed to it, but most often it appears in chicks up to 1 month old.
Symptoms, the treatment of which is an important task, can develop in different ways. Young ducks suffer from acute forms, which suggest the rapid development of the disease and possible death. Symptoms of this form of the disease are manifested through constant thirst and a complete lack of appetite, problems in the functioning of the nervous system, as well as the development of conjunctivitis and the appearance of diarrhea.
For adult birds, other symptoms are characteristic, more precisely, their almost complete absence. The danger lies in the fact that the bird, which practically does not show pain, carries infected eggs, which, when consumed, can lead to infection of humans. In order to avoid such a scenario, you need to clearly follow all the recommendations that experts give.
To get rid of this disease, vitamins alone are not enough, since the only effective way of treatment is the use of antibiotics. To select them, you need to contact veterinary clinics, since a lack of knowledge will not allow you to choose the ones that will be most effective. In order to prevent the occurrence of the disease, it is very important to carry out regular cleaning and disinfection of ducks.
The appearance of parasites
The reason that the duck has a painful appearance may be due to the appearance of parasites: worms or downy-eaters. In general, in such situations, preventive measures are more effective than treatment. This is due to the fact that the fight against worms is associated with a rather lengthy intake of specialized drugs, as well as subsequent burning of litter in order to prevent relapse. It is very important to disinfect the premises, as well as monitor the purity of the water used for drinking.
Fighting a skin parasite involves the use of ash, which can act as a natural bath against insects. The ointment and powder prescribed by the veterinarian are also an effective remedy in such cases. As in the case of intestinal parasites, a successful fight against a fluffer is possible only if the premises are regularly cleaned and disinfected.
In general, an indochka belongs to the category of birds that are distinguished by good health, however, it is also prone to certain diseases, which, in the absence of timely treatment, can have serious consequences. In order to master the wisdom of efficient breeding of this breed of ducks, you can use the services of experienced breeders, read the numerous information on the Internet, and also watch a video on a topic of interest. The main thing is to remember that the right approach can bring considerable profit to even an inexperienced breeder and protect against many problems.