What kind of garlic to choose for the Moscow region
Garlic enjoys well-deserved popularity due to its taste and antibacterial effect. This crop has many species whose crop quality depends on the growing conditions. Varieties of garlic for the suburbs should have good resistance to frost and high humidity.
Garlic variety for Moscow region
Among different species, winter varieties are traditionally more suitable for this region. However, you can also pick up spring garlic, guided by the general characteristics of the culture.
Growing in the suburbs
Growing any vegetable culture implies the availability of suitable conditions for planting. The type of culture is selected according to the climatic characteristics of the region.
Winter garlic for the Moscow region should have good cold resistance, as soil freezing is observed in this region. In turn, the spring form should be selected taking into account the high humidity. At the same time, arid weather may be observed in this region closer to August, which should also be taken into account.
As a planting material, it is best to use the results of domestic selection. As a rule, they are easy to care for. In addition, such species tolerate cold and drought, unlike foreign counterparts.
This subspecies of garlic is characterized by planting in the winter, in the last month and a half of autumn. The positive qualities include high productivity and unpretentiousness. However, such garlic has poor keeping quality. As a rule, it is eaten immediately after cultivation and rarely bookmark it for the winter. Several winter species are suitable for the Moscow Region.
This species has been specially bred for cultivation in moderate climatic conditions. Its main characteristics:
- the shape of the bulb is semicircular;
- the head is covered with cream-colored scales with purple streaks;
- average weight - 60 g;
- the presence of an arrow.
Garlic near Moscow is suitable for growing both in private areas and on an industrial scale. Planting should be carried out a month before the complete freezing of the soil.
One head contains from 5 to 7 lobules. The pulp has a pronounced pungent taste. The yield is 1.2 kg per 1 m². Shelf life of the crop is 5-6 months.
This variety is conditionally divided into two subspecies - Gribovsky Jubilee and Gribovsky-60.
Anniversary garlic has the following description:
- head mass - 60 g;
- shooting view;
- the teeth are covered with a reddish husk with a purple hue;
- the shape of the lobules is flat-round;
- the taste is pronounced, spicy.
Garlic is different in shape and taste.
This species belongs to precocious. In one onion, the number of cloves ranges from 7 to 10 pieces. Crop with 1 m² reaches 2 kg. Shelf life - 5 months.
The characteristic of Gribovsky-60 is as follows:
- Head mass - 40 g.
- During the cultivation begins to shoot.
- The slices are covered with flakes of creamy purple hue.
- The shape of the teeth is flat-round.
- The taste is peninsular.
Mushroom species is considered mid-season. The number of lobules in the head reaches 12 pieces. A crop of 1 m² usually does not exceed 1.5 kg. Shelf life is 4-5 months. A distinctive feature of this variety is its good resistance to bacterial diseases.
This species is the fruit of the work of Russian and Belarusian scientists. Distinctive features of culture are:
- flat head;
- the bulb is covered with a husk of a dark cream shade;
- dense flesh with a semi-sharp taste;
- the average weight of the bulb is 45 g.
The union has a powerful leaf structure. One head has 7-9 leaves with a length of up to 35 cm. For 1 m² there are 7 kg of garlic. The number of lobules in the head ranges from 5 to 9 pieces. This variety of culture is classified as medium-late.
This species is popular because of a stable crop and good resistance to many diseases. Also, the Union is unpretentious and tolerates frosts well. Shelf life is 4-5 months.
Spring garlic is well stored.
This type of crop gives a good harvest when planting in the spring. Such garlic is not always productive, the number of bulbs is inferior to winter varieties.
However, spring species differ in storage duration. They also better withstand transportation and climate change. There are several varieties of garlic that are suitable for planting in the suburbs.
The name of this species is associated with the Degtyar breeding station. Initially, this species was bred for planting in small areas, but over time, the variety began to be used on an industrial scale. Tar garlic has the following characteristics:
- narrow leaves whose height is 40 cm;
- non-shooting sight;
- foliage is covered with a faint waxy coating;
- the bulbs are pear-shaped and covered with white scales with a red tint;
- head mass reaches 40 g.
The number of cloves in one onion ranges from 16 to 18. The pulp of the Degtyar type has a semi-sharp taste. Bulbs are considered mid-season.
Crop with 10 m² usually reaches 3 kg. Shelf life of garlic - 7 months.
This variety was bred for planting in the middle climatic zone. The characteristics of garlic include such qualities:
- the shape of the bulbs is round and flattened;
- denticles are covered with white scales with violet veins;
- the average mass of the head is 15 g;
- the leaves of the species reach a height of 30 cm.
Moscow variety is characterized by mild garlic taste. The average yield reaches 2.4 kg 10 m². Reproduction of the species is carried out using cloves.
The culture is classified as mid-season. Shelf life is 6-7 months.
This species occupies a leading position among spring varieties. The description of this culture includes the following qualities:
- the leaves are covered with a faint waxy coating and reaches 55 cm in height;
- the variety is a shooter;
- the weight of the heads according to official figures reaches 120 g, but with proper care, you can achieve 250 g;
- bulbs are covered with gray-white scales.
The number of teeth in one head varies from 3 to 5 slices. This species is considered high yielding and is suitable for an open type of cultivation.
A notable feature is Gulliver's resistance to many diseases. Shelf life of the crop is 8 months.
The best varieties for the Moscow region are frost-resistant species. In general, this region is suitable for growing such a crop. There are many varieties with different taste qualities that have been bred for cold areas.
Also, these varieties are suitable for both private cultivation and for planting for sale. As a result of selection, many of the species acquired such positive qualities as unpretentiousness and resistance to disease.