What diseases can pigeons carry?
Today, pigeons are city dwellers along with people. They are considered symbols of love, happiness and purity, but they are the spread of many diseases. These birds can be carriers of more than 50 different pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microbes, and some of them can be transmitted to humans. So what diseases doves carry? This is what this article is about.
What diseases doves carry
The causative agent of tularemia is a tiny bacterium. It spreads quickly and adapts well to any habitat. You cannot understand from a bird whether she is sick or not. You can get infected only by touching a pigeon or through infected liquid and food. Also, a tick bite can become an irritant.
As practice shows, a person is easily infected with this ailment, but a person is not capable of infecting a person. Symptoms
- lack of appetite;
- severe headaches;
- weakness in the legs and body.
During the first phase, the face in people turns red and swells, rashes occur on the skin and inside the oral cavity. The size of the liver and spleen may also increase, which leads to sharp pain in the abdomen. Also, one of the main symptoms is swollen lymph nodes, which can lead to instant sore throat.
The disease with easy treatment is easy: dry cough and a slightly elevated temperature. If you turn to specialists late, tularemia will develop into pneumonia. It can be treated with antibiotics.
Those at risk are best vaccinated every 5 years. But this is only if the doctor has confirmed the diagnosis.
The most common pathology carried by pigeons. Feces are the main reason for the spread of the disease. When in contact with a person, the disease is easily tolerated. You can get this disease through unwashed hands and food purchased on the street (especially in the open). The disease has little effect on people. Carriers are different types of street birds.
This infection is not fatal, but causes unpleasant symptoms:
- Stomach upset
- poisoning (gagging);
- unstable stool;
- slight pain in the abdomen.
Also a hallmark is the color of the chair. Those infected will have a yellow-green color with a rather unpleasant odor. The temperature may also increase sharply and weakness may appear.
Most birds suffer from this disease, pigeons are also its carriers. The disease, like tularemia, causes a tiny bacterium. The human body is resistant to infection, but there are still cases of infection.
The disease is transmitted in two ways: through the saliva and feces of the pigeon. Microbes can enter the body through the fecal-oral route, air, and direct contact. Microbes live in feathers, feces and air.
If a microbe enters the body, it does not give a 100% guarantee of infection. The human body can overcome this disease in the bud, as a result, everything will turn into a mild allergy.
If the immune system has not coped, the first symptoms appear:
- the temperature rises sharply;
- rashes appear;
- lymph nodes increase in size;
- there is a sore throat, meningitis;
If you do not turn to specialists in time, this ailment will develop into an acute form and result in death. Often the disease is easy. Temperature may increase, possible vomiting.
If the disease is transmitted to a pregnant woman, the child automatically becomes ill. In the initial stages, you can do without drugs, but in severe forms, you must resort to treatment (tablets or antibiotics).
Pigeons are one of the main distributors of pseudotuberculosis. It is transmitted through bacteria. The causative agent is the bacterium Yersinia. The microbe is contained in feces.
You can get infected through water, food and feathers. This pathology is most often affected by children. The stomach suffers first, then the spleen and liver. In children, an ailment can cause an allergy.
- dehydration of the body;
- possible discomfort in the stomach.
Treatment is with antibiotics.
Ornithosis and campylobacteriosis
The causative agent of ornithosis is chlamydia. They enter the body through the air. Chlamydia fall into the lungs, affect them and eventually cause a dry cough, shortness of breath and interruptions in the heartbeat. After this, the bacterium enters the bloodstream and ultimately leads to dehydration.
- muscle and bone pain.
A dangerous virus can cause problems with the liver and spleen, it is chronic. You can get infected by bodily contact, through the air, feathers and feces.
Campylobacteriosis does not manifest itself in pigeons. A person can catch a disease through dirty hands or food that has been infected. When the disease enters the body, the first symptom is an upset stomach. Other signs of infection:
- nausea and weakness;
- erratic and watery stools;
- weight loss, loss of appetite;
In women, one of the symptoms is irritation in the vagina and discharge from the genital tract.
Toxoplasmosis and Newcastle disease
Golub - carriers of Toxoplasmosis disease. It is transmitted through poor meat that has not been processed, as well as through direct contact. In adults, this disease is rare, more often in children. They are at risk. People over 30 have immunity to this disease.
Symptoms: abdominal pain, headache, body aches, a sharp increase in temperature. If you start the disease and do not turn to specialists in time, this will lead to paralysis of the limbs, memory impairment and even mental disorders. Perhaps antibiotic treatment.
Newcastle disease is common among people. The main carriers of the disease are chickens and pigeons. Disease by airborne droplets. If you touch dirty infected hands to the eye or nose, infection is inevitable. Often infected poultry workers and veterinarians.
Symptoms as with a common cold: cough, runny nose, dry mouth. Children are more likely to tolerate this disease.
There are some rules that help protect against diseases. It follows:
- less contact with animals on the street;
- wash hands frequently;
- do not eat on the street;
- constantly clean air conditioners and fans.
Any disease can be cured and prevented if you adhere to standard hygiene rules. To be able to protect yourself is to ensure a healthy and quality life.