What can be planted after garlic
How often can one meet the complaints of gardeners and gardeners that bulb plants this year began to grow worse, although in the past they gave an excellent harvest. If the crop is sparse, onion plantings need to be transplanted to a new place. In most cases, the cause of this extinction of the plant is an improper planting, or sowing on an inappropriate bed. In this case, it is important for the gardener to know what to plant after garlic the next year.
We plant the bulbous first
Not all gardeners know that garlic cannot be planted on the same bed for two years in a row - you must adhere to the rules of the classic crop rotation, in which the crop must grow in a strictly defined place every subsequent season. This order is primarily associated with substances that remain in the ground after harvesting, because often some gardeners completely impoverish the land beneath themselves or oversaturated it with various trace elements, which negatively affects the crop.
Is it possible to plant onions
Despite the fact that onions and garlic are close relatives - both belong to the onion family, they should grow separately and not occupy each other's beds. Onions can be planted on such a bed no earlier than four years later, otherwise it simply will not grow and produce a meager harvest.
Why is this happening?
- Both plants are damaged by the same types of pests that successfully winter in the ground. Thus, the onion crop will be doomed initially.
- Garlic actively draws from the soil the nutrients that are so necessary for the nutrition of other crops. It will take several years to restore them to the earth.
- To protect against pests, the plant secretes special substances into the soil - mycotoxins, a high concentration of which poisons onion plantings, not allowing them to fully develop.
If a plant has traces of damage or disease during planting, it is strictly forbidden to plant such material, there is a risk of contamination of the soil with pathogenic pests, which will be very difficult to get rid of. For planting, select only the best seeds, feel free to discard small and traces of the disease. For planting onion crops, give the hottest and most lighted areas of the garden, on which nothing else grows. There are no major complaints to the soil, but the loose, sandy loamy ground, not enriched with manure, is most suitable for onions.
What can be planted after garlic? Proper plant neighborhood during crop rotation is an important topic. There are species that categorically cannot be planted with bulbous plants, but for some such an alliance would be just the thing. What else can be planted after garlic? You can plant radish, tomatoes or carrots. If you have flower seeds, then you can plant various flowers around the perimeter of the beds. The key to a good harvest of vegetables is not only competent crop rotation, but also the proper preparation of the soil for new plantings.
It is important to dig, treat with fungicides, and be sure to make the necessary fertilizers. When planting vegetables after garlic, it is convenient to use the rule of the top after the roots. After harvesting the bulbs, representatives of nightshade and amaranth crops, all kinds of cabbage, which are good to plant dill between rows, will give a good harvest - its aroma repels many pests that are dangerous for these plants.
Different crops can be planted in the place of garlic
What can be planted after garlic? It is necessary to consider what kind of garlic grew in the garden last year. If we are talking about winter varieties, then after them the planting of cucumbers will be just optimal, because winter garlic actively saturates the soil with nitrogen. For spring varieties, it will be useful to pre-fertilize the soil with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. The main rule when planting in this case is that only those garden crops that prefer substances accumulated a year earlier by another crop need to be planted in the ground. There are cultures that are most suitable for planting in garlic soil for the very next year.
An excellent crop of cucumbers is obtained precisely on garlic beds - the nitrogen-filled land perfectly nourishes cucumber shoots, which directly affects the number of harvested fruits. Cucumbers should be planted observing a distance between plantings of 30-50 cm.
He also feels good in the garden after the onions - early potatoes, he heals from substances left a year earlier, but mid-ripening and late varieties of potatoes such a turn will only harm, since tubers can become infected with dangerous Fusarium. Thinning stripes in potatoes are an excellent defense of the latter from the annoying Colorado potato beetle. By the time of the formation of arrows in July, the plant is actively preparing for self-defense against gray rot, at this time between plantings you can sow dill on greens.
The beds in which the plants are planted in a checkerboard pattern look beautiful and decorative - so they not only are in the right cooperation with each other, but also refresh the general view of the garden. Plant potatoes in squares meter per meter, and fill the space between them with other plantings. Every season, just move suitable plants to the adjacent free square.
Perhaps the best choice for the neighborhood next year will be strawberries, beloved by gardeners. During growth, onions secrete useful substances - volatile, which remain in the soil for the second year. Phytoncides have the best effect on the root system of berries, killing pathogenic bacteria and fungi. By planting strawberries, gardeners not only save the latter from common pests, but also spur the development of other plants adjacent to and next to the bed, provoking their development and active growth. Some gardeners grow strawberries and garlic together.
The best option may be to grow bulbous plants along the perimeter of the garden, and strawberries will be the main plant. Thus, planting will affect each other as positively as possible and visually will not take up much space.
The best way to prevent the appearance of aphids in the garden has not yet been invented. After planting garlic, you need to sow this garden with tomatoes or plant tomatoes between the rows of cucumbers, beets and radishes. This neighborhood is in perfect harmony with each other. In this case, there is also a special symbiosis - bulbous plants that previously grow on the bed, due to their smell, will scare away not only a gluttonous aphid aphid, but also a bear with a May beetle, which can completely destroy all plantings in just a few hours. In turn, nightshade crops protect other plants from dangerous scab. Only in this case, you must observe the distance when landing. So that the plants do not interfere with each other's growth, but complement and help, planting should be planted at a distance of at least 30-50 cm from each other.
The year after planting the bulbous plants, you can plant carrots on this bed. Experienced gardeners also believe that co-cultivation of these two crops is only beneficial to both. Garlic protects carrots from carrot flies, which eats the upper part of the plant, while not allowing the rhizome to fully develop. After removing the arrows, carrots begin to secrete a special substance, which significantly increases the weight and size of the garlic head. Therefore, it is better to plant such crops together or in neighboring beds, where the distance between plantings is not more than 65 cm.
Often beds are planted with flowers and grass
Some types of flowers are especially supportive of the bulbous neighbor. Next to it, asters, roses and gladioli will be protected from the fungus that often affects them.
By planting a bulbous plant next to or after horseradish in the second year, you can significantly increase the concentration of ascorbic acid in the aerial, green part. For example, if you plant horseradish and radish after garlic, then on such a bed a pungent and specific smell will remain for a long time, but the soil will be decontaminated and rich in trace elements that are well suited for legumes. But after such caustic plantings, it is not recommended to plant delicate crops, such as fruits, on this bed.
If there is no free space in the garden
Unfortunately, our beloved hundreds are often so planted with different cultures that there is simply not enough free space for a full crop rotation. In such cases, you can resort to a little trick. In the autumn, after harvesting the garlic, immediately sow any green manure that needs to be mowed in the spring and plant new ones in its place. In the fall, such a bed needs to be dug up thoroughly and new plantings should already be planted in this place.
Many modern summer residents resort to the cultivation of garlic near the outbuildings, in which case a figured garden is created for it, in the center of which garlic itself is planted, and along the edges there are various low flowers that would benefit from such a neighborhood. To save space after the summer harvest of garlic, you can sow in its place various varieties of leaf lettuce or spinach - for the remaining time they will still have time to please you with their juicy healing leaves.
Useful tips to gardeners
When choosing the most convenient neighbor or follower, it is important to know what substances a particular type of culture emits, saturates or depletes the soil, is it possible to mutually beneficial neighborhood with perennial plants already planted earlier. For convenience, you can make a table, or even a diagram of the garden, on which annually indicate what is growing. This method will allow you to most competently think over the subsequent planting of various plants, as well as calculate the rotation for a long time ahead. Experienced gardeners and gardeners have long learned how to reduce the amount of organic fertilizers applied in this way, because plants can prepare the ground for each other.
A competent selection will allow not only to collect a large crop, but also beneficially influence its followers and new neighbors. In order for the soil to rest and prepare for the new crop year, after digging up bulbous plants, it is useful to sow wheat in this place in winter, it will serve as an excellent green manure. If there is no wheat at hand, take this place with mustard or rye, they quickly fill the soil with useful substances that will be needed next year.