What breeds of laying hens exist
If you plan to engage in animal husbandry or breeding poultry, then you need to start definitely with chicken. The fact is that this poultry is considered truly one of the most unpretentious and easy to care for.
Species and breeds of laying hens
It is worth saying that chicken is a universal source of food for itself, as well as a stable source of profit. Chicken regularly lays eggs, and tender dietary meat is also eaten. Feather and feathers are not thrown away: they serve as an excellent natural filler for pillows, mattresses and blankets. Thus, it becomes obvious that keeping chickens is profitable.
Which breeds of laying hens are most often used? The most popular are the following:
- Broken Brown;
- Island and others
General Description of Egg Chicken
In the catalog of laying hen breeds, there are many varieties that differ in appearance and in terms of performance. But, despite these differences, all representatives can be characterized by several common properties. For example, it is worth saying that absolutely all laying hens are of little weight. Typically, their mass does not exceed 2-2.3 kg. For this reason, all birds have a not too heavy skeleton.
The fact is that laying hens were bred for only one purpose: obtaining high-quality large eggs. For this reason, it is not customary to pay attention to meat characteristics.
Laying hens are bred for large eggs
These poultry quickly become sexually mature and develop rapidly. Usually by the 130th day of life they reach a maximum in growth, the first egg laying occurs already on 120 days.
There is one feature that unites representatives of all individuals that are related to laying hens. This is the look. All birds have bright plumage, while their wings and tail are lush and overall, as can be seen in the photo and video. The comb located on the head often has 7 teeth, and its color may vary depending on the breed.
Description of the breed Loman Brown
French laying hens of the Loman Brown breed have good egg laying rates. If you take a calendar year for the accounting period, you can get about 3 hundred eggs from one female, sometimes this figure is slightly larger. The choice of this breed in any case will make it possible to obtain large egg yields.
Loman Brown Chicken
It is also worth mentioning that this type of breed is characterized by a rather long egg laying period, which lasts about 75 weeks, which makes it extremely beneficial to breed birds. As for puberty, the bird reaches it already on the 130th day of life. Compared to other poultry, this is quite small.
The characteristic of this hen's egg is as follows: the weight of one egg is usually 60-65 g, and the color of the shell is light brown. After the end of the active period of oviposition, there is a pause, and all indicators go down. Of course, for the farmer, such a simple one is simply unacceptable, so usually hens are slaughtered at this time.
Speaking about the Loman Brown breed, one cannot fail to mention such an important characteristic as the percentage of survival of the chicks. In the described breed, this indicator can be attributed to a record, because it is almost 100%.
Description of the Leggorn Chicken Breed
The German Leghorn chicken is not much inferior to Loman Brown, their description is similar. In Russian farms and farms, you can often find white (silver) or red (less often - red) Leghorn.
If in a previous domestic breed puberty occurs on 135 days, here it happens a little later, at about 21 weeks. If all the conditions for normal life were created, then a chicken can lay up to 270 eggs a year.
Unlike the previous type of laying hens, the eggs of these birds are white even on their sides, their weight is also slightly less, about 57 g on average. The best performance is observed in the breed in the first year of life, after which the performance characteristics sharply go down.
Description of the Kuchin breed
This variety is distinguished by the fact that it is equally well established in different climatic conditions. This is extremely important and convenient for the farmer. A distinctive feature of the breed is a bright red color with a black tan and a bright red large comb.
Usually the first laying of eggs occurs at the age of 4-5 months, while more than 180 eggs are not expected per year, this is the maximum figure that farmers managed to achieve.
In the literature there are references to champions among this breed. So, one chicken laid about 200 eggs a year, but in practice this is almost impossible to achieve. Chickens called Kuchinsky Jubilee carry not very large eggs, whose weight is approximately 60 g, while the color of the shell is brown, light. This breed is most widespread in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus and other former USSR countries. At the same time, silver individuals are popular.
Highsex breed description
This productive breed of laying hens belongs to the new hybrid, for its breeding superwhite Leggorn was taken as a basis, the breeding and maintenance of which were originally engaged in in Russia. This bird has bright external differences from other hens. The most memorable is the shape of the comb, it resembles a leaf, and you can not help but pay attention to the weight of the bird, such hens weigh about 5 kg
If you take the average, then the white chicken rushes about 8 dozens of weeks, after which there is a lull. For a year, a bird brings a large number of eggs, sometimes more than 300.
It is noted that Haysex laying eggs are large, there are no eggs less than 60 g, and the shell is white. poultry farmers note that such eggs contain a low percentage of cholesterol, which makes them an ideal dietary product. For this reason, many prefer birds of this particular productive breed, and in the ranking of the best breeding eggs, they consistently occupy the first line.
Description of the breed of Russian White Chickens
Russian white hens were bred in Russia, which is clear from the name. White color predominates in the plumage of the bird, although until the time of maturity the chickens are covered with a characteristic yellow fluff, this is clearly visible in photographs and videos. The head of this type of chickens is small, a distinctive feature is a yellow beak. The body is quite powerful and elongated, which refers to the characteristics of many breeds.
It is worth saying that Russian whites were bred specifically for the harsh climatic conditions of Russia. Such birds will better adapt to cold weather and, accordingly, be less sick.
As for the characteristics of egg production, Russian white can bring about two hundred eggs in one calendar year, while the weight of one egg is about 53 grams, and the shell is painted white.
Isa Brown breed characterization
We turn to the description of the breed Isa Brown, which occupies a confident place in the ranking of the best laying hens. Like the previous breed, Isa Brown perfectly adapts to a variety of climatic conditions, which makes its keeping and breeding as comfortable as possible. The breed originated in France, where the best breeders of the country worked on its creation, after which it successfully took root in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus and other countries.
Chicken Breed Isa Brown
For one calendar year of maintenance, representatives of Iza Brown can give about 300 eggs, the color of their shell is brown. One egg weighs about 60 g, looks quite large. The first clutch may appear at the end of the third month. If you keep birds in cage conditions, you need to rely on the fact that each individual will consume about 120 g of feed.
This type of laying hen does not differ in special sizes, their body size is average. A distinctive feature of the Tetra layers is the original shape of the crest, it takes on the nature of the shape of a leaf. At the same time, hens have a powerful solid beak, a relatively short tail, short legs that have a yellow color.
Only in the first year of keeping, the total number of eggs in clutches can be more than 240 pieces. It is worth saying that this breed is characterized by the fact that it begins to bring eggs very early, already at 20-2 weeks of life.
Breed of egg direction Minorca
The breed got such an unusual name, due to its origin, because work on its selection was carried out on the island of Minorca. Further improvement of the breed took place already in England, after which the chickens gained world fame.
The maximum masonry in terms of the number of eggs occurs starting from the 5th month of bird life, usually this number does not exceed 170 pieces. The eggshell has a white tint, the mass of each egg is usually about 50 g.
Description of the breed Rhode Island
Birds have several distinctive features, the first of which is a crest, which is colored pink, while the bird has a wide set chest and a powerful body. Otherwise, the body build of the hen is no different from other breeds from the catalog.
Rhode Island Chicken
Separately, it is worth mentioning that the Rhode Island chickens have an unusual color, which distinguishes them from other laying hens. The feather is brown, reddish at the root, and darker at the tips, close to burgundy or dark red. It is from this dark tip that they determine how thoroughbred and purebred birds are.
A unique characteristic of the Rhode Island breed is the presence of a golden gene, thanks to which it is easy to distinguish males from females. Chickens have a characteristic spot on the back of their heads, which indicates the gender of the bird. In the first year of life of a laying hen, you can get about 200 eggs that are brown and weigh about 60 g.
New Hampshire Breed
New Hampshire is a breed of laying hens resulting from breeding work with Rhode Island. The daughter breed is distinguished by its color, while breeders managed to improve many characteristics and properties. Now representatives of the New Hampshire breed can begin to rush from 3 months, the mass of one egg is approximately equal to 70 g, the color is brown.
New Hampshire Chicken
In addition to good egg laying rates, birds also adapt well to different climatic conditions, this is a positive feature for any beginner and experienced farmer.
It is worth saying that the nature of these birds is calm, they can be safely populated into cages as a home with other birds, without fear of fighting during breeding and keeping. Another distinctive feature of this breed is that New Hampshire chickens are large, weigh at least 3 kg, which is why their price is high.
There are a lot of varieties of hens in the egg direction, which one is better, each poultry breeder should decide for himself, based on personal preferences. In any case, the farmer will have to make a choice.