What are the varieties of red orange

Delicious and healthy exotic fruits include red orange. He firmly won one of the first places among citrus fruits, thanks to his qualities. His homeland is Sicily. From here the second name of the fruit went - Sicilian orange.

Varieties of red orange


Red orange has a few more names: kinglet or bloody orange. A mutation from ordinary orange citrus occurred for the first time on the island of Sicily in the 15th century. And since then it has been cultivated throughout Europe, the first to appear in India.

The hybrid group, which includes citrus, is called Citrus × sinensis (translated as "Chinese citrus"). Oranges with red zest were obtained by crossing pomelo and tangerine.

Red orange has many varieties, most of them grow only in the Mediterranean strip. The name of the fruit (red oranges) comes from the color of their pulp, which is darker or lighter in different varieties due to the difference in seasonal temperature in the homeland of the miracle fruit.

Tree description

Under natural conditions, the height of the red orange tree reaches 5.5-12 m. It blooms several times a season. This is one of the few plants on which there are both flowers and fruits from the previous harvest.

Bloody orange trees belong to the root citrus family. Fruiting continues for many years. The plant is tenacious.

The following features are characteristic of bloody orange trees:

  • high;
  • long-living;
  • constantly fruitful;
  • unpretentious to soils;
  • drought tolerant;
  • with dense foliage;
  • with compact crown.

The round, compact compact crown looks attractive. On the branches there are thin spikes located directly to the trunk.

The leaves are dark green, deep color. They have an oval, slightly elongated shape. The length of the sheet is 6-7 cm, the width is 3-4 cm.

The root system is large, capable of penetrating deeply into the soil. This quality allows bloody oranges to survive in dry periods.

Breeders bred dwarf trees of this fruit, and many gardeners purchase them to decorate the home interior.

Fruit Description

The variety will surprise with the color of the fruit.

The tree blooms in large white flowers with a characteristic aroma. On a branch, flowers are grouped (5-6 pieces in one inflorescence). Some varieties are characterized by the presence of axillary shields for external protection.

Aromatic fruits with the following characteristics are obtained from flowers:

  • rounded ribbed shape;
  • easy peel;
  • weight 100-300 g;
  • small bones (seeds);
  • brightly colored pulp.

The taste of the fruit of the orange with red pulp is sweet, with subtle acidity. After consumption, a pleasant raspberry aftertaste remains.

The unique color of the fruit gives the substance anthocyanin. In different varieties, the color of the pulp and peel is slightly different. In the flesh, it varies from bright red to burgundy, and in the peel it ranges from orange-brown to dark brown.

Fruiting occurs from December to June. One adult tree grows up to 500-550 fruits.

Varieties of orange

There are several popular varieties of red oranges. Different varieties grow in horticultural farms in the USA, South Africa, Spain, Italy, China, and in subtropical countries. Basically, they all belong to a subgroup of Spanish "kings".

These varieties include:

  • sanguinello (Sanguinelli);
  • Tarocco (Tarocco);
  • Moro, Morocco (Moro);
  • Washington Neville (Washingtoh Navel);
  • Valencia (Valencia Late);
  • Oval (Ovale).

Each variety has its own characteristics.

Each variety has only its inherent features:

  • Sanguinello has medium-sized fruits, rust-colored peels, the flesh is bright red, juicy, pleasant and delicate in taste. The peel is easy to clean. The shape of the fruit is oval. Seeds are rare. This is a late ripening variety. It is appreciated as a sort of transitional stage, used in the preparation of fresh juices. The variety belongs to the double kings. Has a subspecies of muscat sanguinello (fruits larger and more elongated, musky taste of pulp). Unripe fruit resembles a grapefruit.
  • The round, slightly elongated shape of the fruit is characteristic of Tarocco. His skin is orange, with light thin red stripes. The flesh tastes sweet with a slight acidity and a touch of berries. She has a garnet color. The fruits are easy to peel. Their weight is up to 200 g. This variety is characterized by a large amount of vitamin C. It is the most popular among the rest.
  • In the Moro variety, citruses are bright orange, oval. This pigmented kinglet ripens before the rest. It is easy to determine full maturity by red-yellow age spots. The peel is not thick, dense. Granularity is average. Few seeds. In the Moro variety, several varieties of mandarin and pamela are crossed. The taste of pulp has a raspberry flavor. Moro contains a large amount of vitamin, minerals and beneficial acids. Fresh juices from red oranges benefit both adults and children.
  • Large fruit has a variety of Washington Neville. Their weight is up to 500 g. They have an ellipsoid or spherical shape. The peel is embossed and thick, up to 6-7 mm. The skin color is orange, sometimes red. The pulp has a cellular structure and a pleasant aroma. There are burgundy inclusions in it. She, like the peel, is orange-red. Seeds are few.
  • In the variety Valencia, the citrus shape is round, up to 80 mm in size. The high sugar content causes the sweetness of red oranges, inside of which there are up to 9 seeds. The skin is thin, orange, with red veins. Valencia is especially common in horticulture in California and Spain. From the bright pulp, an attractive and healthy juice is obtained, which is popular.
  • Ovale tastes like Valencia. The shape of the fruit is oval, the thickness is average. This variety was bred in Italy. Oval is characterized by a tight fit of the pulp slices to each other. The peel is dense and rough, with tubercles, red-orange. There are no seeds in almost all citruses. To grow such a variety is simple by making stock on a regular tree. Morocco citrus is similar in quality to this variety. From a set of varieties, choosing the one that suits you is easy.

The benefits and harms of red citruses

Red sweet citrus fruits are good for the human body. They have a set of vitamins and minerals: citric acid, sucrose, fiber, volatile, flavonoids and various carbohydrates.

Useful pectin, calcium and phosphorus are found in the pulp of fruits and enter the human body along with juices. This is especially important for the health of adolescents and schoolchildren. The essential oils found in the peel help in the treatment of skin diseases.

The calorie content of red orange is low, which allows you to use it with diet for weight loss. Dietary fiber of the pulp increases in size, getting into the stomach, after which a feeling of satiety appears. This is important for obese people. Santal, juice from the store, similar to freshly squeezed, will replace fruit if you want to treat yourself to a tasty and healthy drink: it has a minimum of calories.

The beneficial properties of Sicilian red (bloody) orange contribute to strengthening the human immune system, improve metabolic processes. It is important to eat the product after winter, during spring vitamin deficiency, after serious illness or surgery, to recover from food or chemical poisoning.

Red oranges bring benefits both fresh and dried, and in the form of jam or jam, which relieves heat well with colds. Application for bronchitis, pneumonia replaces antipyretic drugs.

For cosmetic purposes, use saffron with a reddish orange extract. For hair, a mask of such ingredients is indispensable. She makes hair silky and supple. A set of vitamins has a good effect on the structure of hair.

Red oranges are not always beneficial. Contraindications include individual intolerance to the product. In case of peptic ulcer or gastritis, sour Moroccan fruits cannot be eaten. Young children and pregnant women should eat them after consulting a doctor.

Harmful to the gums, the destruction of enamel and to other problems with the teeth brings excessive consumption of these fruits. This is due to the high content of vitamin C.


Eating fruits, especially red citruses, is desirable for everyone to feel normal at any time of the year. The main thing is to observe the correct proportions. The balance of beneficial trace elements maintains health, prolongs youth and strengthens the immune system.


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