West Thuja Teddy: Care Features
Thuja Teddy (Thuja occidentalis Teddy) is a subspecies of a dwarf shrub, a family of cypress. It appeared in the 1950s in Germany, thanks to the selection of Kobold seedlings. Due to the high aesthetic qualities and unpretentiousness in care, the conifer quickly gained popularity in the field of landscape design.
West Thuja Teddy: Care Features
- Needle color : emerald green, changes to bronze brown by autumn.
- Height : 50-80 cm.
- Width : 30-50 cm.
- Regions : Bryansk, Leningrad, Voronezh and Saratov regions.
- Landing features : partial shade, well-drained soil, shelter from the wind.
- Immunity : suffers from fungal diseases.
- Life expectancy : more than 10 years.
The western Teddy belongs to plants of the 5th climatic zone of frost resistance.
Bryansk, Leningrad, Voronezh and Saratov regions correspond to it.
Teddy is a dwarf perennial with emerald green needle-shaped leaves, very pleasant to the touch.
The color of the rounded crown changes by autumn: from green to bronze.
Over a year, the shrub grows by about 5 cm. The adult crown reaches 50 cm in diameter. The bark on the stems is smooth, and the wood itself is soft, but it is quite strong and does not break.
When loosening and weeding, it is important to consider the following point: the root system is branched and located close to the surface. The plant, thanks to its soft needles and rounded shape, is very similar to a plush toy, it was this similarity that determined the name of the variety.
Beautiful tree only in prepared soil
Thuja is an unpretentious variety and quietly grows on any type of soil.
However, in order to get a beautiful and well-groomed plant, it is better to choose light and well-drained soil for planting.
In the garden market, Teddy seedlings are presented with open and closed root systems. In the first case, the price is slightly lower.
Do not buy a plant with visible damage and rot.
- Open root specimens are planted in early spring or autumn.
- Instances in containers (with closed roots) are selected according to the state of the bark and shoots; they can be transplanted from April to October.
Sometimes unscrupulous sellers put seedlings intended for sale with an open root in containers and offer, thus, poor-quality planting material.
The fraud is determined by the elongated or crookedly formed crown, the absence of roots and crumbling earthen coma.
Description of a successful place for planting seedlings:
- good lighting, but without direct sunlight, so that the needles do not burn out;
- there is wind protection;
- plot with a slight slope or with an elevation, because the culture does not tolerate an excess of moisture.
In order not to harm the root system when transplanting from the container, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly the day before the procedure. So it will be easy to get the tui from the container along with the ground.
- Pit preparation. In order to dig a recess that will exceed the volume of the container several times. Broken brick or expanded clay is laid at the bottom with a layer of a width of at least 20 cm. This will provide plant drainage and protection from soil heaviness.
- Fertilization in the hole. Almost to the edge, it is filled with a mixture of 3 components: peat, turf land and sand (taken in equal proportions). With a poor soil composition, it is recommended to use complex mineral top dressing. Thuja also respond well to organics (compost, humus or wood ash). The pit with the earthen mixture and fertilizers are trampled and watered abundantly.
- Landing. The seedling must be arranged so that the root neck is flush with the ground. If necessary, add soil.
- Land compaction and watering. Mulching is recommended at this point.
Seedlings are placed at a distance of at least 40 cm. While seedlings take root, it is especially important to monitor soil moisture.
Teddy shrub care is quite standard for the crop and consists of timely watering, annual top dressing, processing of the root zone and pruning of dried branches.
You need to water Teddy once a week. The bush takes 8-10 liters.
In conditions of dry weather, watering is increased to 2-3 times, focusing on the degree of drying of the soil.
The plant responds well to spraying the crown with water. The procedure is recommended to be carried out in the morning or in the evening 2-3 times a week.
Feeding Teddy enough once a year. Mineral complexes for coniferous species are excellent for this. Fertilize in early spring.
You can also use nitroammophoska (a tool based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), but it will be necessary to feed additionally in the fall.
Mulching and loosening the soil
Mulching of thuja consists in covering the root zone with peat, sawdust, dry grass or other material. This agricultural technique is used to preserve moisture, to prevent the appearance of weeds and parasites, and to provide additional nutrition for the plant.
If you do not carry out the procedure, then the root zone of the bush must be loosened after each watering. It is necessary to take into account the proximity of the roots to the surface and carry out the manipulations very carefully.
Haircut and trim
Teddy in the process of growth independently forms a spherical crown, so there is no need to trim the plant specifically.
However, in the beginning of spring it is recommended to carry out sanitary pruning, during which dry and broken branches are removed.
Adult bushes tolerate temperature drops to -30 °, they do not need to be torn by winter.
But young plants that have not reached 3 years of age, it is better to wrap the plants with burlap or other material, having previously removed the mulch if available.
In shrubs with an unformed crown, it is recommended to bandage the stems before the onset of cold weather.
The spherical crown sometimes falls apart under the weight of snow, so you should equip wooden frames or arch-grids.
Beauty on your site
Thuja can be propagated at home using cuttings and through seeds.
When cuttings are cut off year-old or two-year-old stems. The former are separated in the spring, the latter in the autumn.
The shoots are selected 20-30 cm long. They are cut and dipped in a solution that stimulates the formation of roots (heteroauxin is well suited).
Treated cuttings are planted in containers with soil, preferably under a small slope, and left indoors at a temperature of at least 22 °. Further, the settled seedlings dive into a separate container.
Cutting allows you to completely save varietal characteristics.
Seeds are harvested in the fall. To do this, the selected cones are left in a dry and warm place for several days. So they will open and the seeds will be easy to extract.
Next, planting material should be put in the refrigerator for 2-3 months (stratify). After it is sown in containers or boxes with disinfected soil (for this it is enough to calcine in the oven).
The soil is used purchased or prepared independently from peat, sand and turf in equal proportions. Seeds are placed to a depth of not more than 5 mm. The containers should be covered with film or glass to create a greenhouse effect until the first shoots.
Diseases and Pests
Thuja western Teddy is rarely exposed to disease and insect attacks.
Of the possible threats, one can single out the danger of damage by a fungus (fusarium, cytosporosis) and aphids.
In the first case, thuja is treated with copper-containing preparations: Topsin-M or Khom.
For prevention, antifungal agents are used in early spring.
In the second, they use insecticides (Aktara, Detis).
Use in landscape design
Tuyu Teddy is often used in landscape design. Thanks to its compact size and unpretentiousness, it is convenient to decorate small gardens, loggias, flower beds, and even roofs with a thuja.
The tree is planted in open ground, various containers and pots for decorating terraces and gazebos.
The plant looks harmonious both individually and in combination with other decorative crops, such as juniper.
Gardeners are satisfied and speak well of growing Teddy thuja. They like the small size and spherical shape of the plant, thanks to which you can decorate any corner of the site.
High tolerance of low temperatures is noted, but it is recommended to protect the shrub from the severity of snow in order to avoid decay. It is advised to install frames or nets over it in the winter, or at least periodically shake off wet snow.
Many say that with the right choice of place, the crown does not fade, and it does not need to be formed.