We prepare feed for chickens on our own
Any poultry breeder should know what feed is needed to grow a particular bird, be able to navigate the variety of feed, and also know how to make starter feed for chickens on their own. The fact is that purchased feed will not have in its composition the right amount of vitamins and essential vital substances, in contrast to what is done independently.
Compound feed for chickens
It is important to consider the correct balance of all ingredients, that is, fats, and proteins, and carbohydrates. At first glance, it may seem that the preparation of compound feed is too complicated, but subsequently, when its preparation reaches automaticity, it will become clear that this is a great opportunity to save a significant amount of money.
Why feed must be of high quality
If the chicken receives only quality food, the result will not be long in coming. The bird will be less sick, its immunity will increase, and the meat after slaughter will be juicy and soft. Also, the chicks will gain weight faster, respectively, it will be possible not to wait for a long time for weight growth and to slaughter the bird for meat.
Compound feed for chickens from the first days of life, sold in stores and in the market, you can buy different quality. Feed is selected depending on the age and breed of the bird, the dosage of meals is also selected in the same way. Judging by the reviews of farmers, the best food for chickens is homemade feed, which was prepared independently at home, taking into account all the needs of the chicks at one age or another. You need to give pc strictly in accordance with the age and weight of the bird
Basic feed mixer
Do not think that preparing compound feed for chickens is too difficult. After some time, you will remember which ingredients are included in the PC and in what quantity it needs to be added. To prepare the basic mixture of bird feed, you must use the following components:
- crushed corn (flour);
- ground porridge from wheat and oats;
- sunflower meal;
- flour from fish bones and eggshells;
- milk products.
All PC ingredients must be thoroughly mixed and poured with milk. For a newborn chicken, 30 g of such a mixture should be given at least 4 times a day. In addition to this, yeast must be introduced into the diet of young animals starting from the first week of life.
Composition of feed in the first 2 weeks of life
As already mentioned, the composition of the feed for chickens should vary depending on how many days or weeks the chicks are. So, to prepare the starting stirrer for two-week-old chickens, you need to use the following components:
- corn flour.
Cornmeal is of great importance in the formation of a bone corset at the start, and also improves the functioning of the digestive tract and brain. We learn in more detail what proportions you need to observe when preparing feed for two-week-old chicks, that is, what the start of feeding is, the data are shown below in the table columns:
During this period of life, the importance of compound feed in the nutrition of chickens increases; per day, the chick should eat about 120-150 g of the mixture. To make a mess with your own hands, you need to stock up on the following ingredients:
- 48% - crushed corn grits;
- 19% - sunflower meal or meal;
- 13% - ground wheat;
- 7% - fish bone crushed to a state of flour;
- 5% - a new ingredient, live yeast, which is necessary to normalize the digestive system, as well as to increase the chicken mass faster;
- 2-3% - fresh herbs;
- 1-2% - vegetable fat, now this component is necessary for the normal functioning of poultry at this age.
It should also be said that, starting from two weeks of age, chicks need wet food more than before.
Starting from the age of one month, the need for food increases, now the daily feed rate increases to 160 g of feed per day. The composition of the components is also slightly modified, now the following ingredients are included in the mash:
- 45% - fresh corn or all the same ground corn grits;
- 17% - sunflower meal or meal;
- 13% - wheat grains;
- 17% - flour from fish bones and small ground animal bones;
- 5% - live yeast (this will ensure the rapid growth of young animals);
- 1% - freshly cut grass or dried hay, crushed to the state of flour;
- 1% - chalk or limestone;
- 3% is a fatty component, that is, vegetable fat.
Adult bird feeding up to slaughter
To properly prepare food for a broiler bird with your own hands, you need to know what ingredients the bird will need at one or another age, as well as the purpose of each component. So, for an adult chicken, the composition of the feed should consist of the following components (here the calculation of the daily norm for the broiler will be made not in percent, but in grams):
- 400 g - corn;
- 10 g - ground wheat;
- 60 g - barley;
- 70 g - sunflower meal or meal;
- 60 g - chalk, ground into flour;
- 60 g - flour from fish bones (this is an excellent source of calcium, which is necessary for the life of chickens);
- 45 g - live yeast (later it will be described how yeast occurs);
- 40 g - flour from dried and ground flour;
- 30 g - grated peas;
- 15 g - vitamin complexes;
- 5 g - table salt.
The above recipe for the preparation of the mash has a balanced composition, which will allow the chicken to receive maximum nutrients, and will also positively affect the rate of egg production. 100 g of this compound feed, prepared independently at home, contains about 270 kcal, as well as up to 18% of the source of natural protein. This feed is not inferior in quality to such brands as Purina, for example, the price of which is unacceptable for many poultry farmers. And most often home feed is not only inferior, but is in many ways better than industrial.
Composition of feed for laying hens
The nutrition for laying hens changes somewhat, as the bird has new needs that relate to egg production. the composition of the food will look like this:
- boiled potatoes - from 0.4 to 1 kg;
- cereals cooked on water - about 0.7 kg;
- silo - 0.4-0.5 kg;
- milk component (milk or kefir) - 0.2 kg;
- ground grain - 200 g;
- carrots, grated - 0.2 kg;
- bran - 0.1 kg;
- meat trimmings and waste - 0.1 kg;
- sunflower meal - 0.1 kg;
- hay, crushed to a state of flour - 0.1 kg;
- chalk - 50 g;
- beetweed (can be fodder) - 50 g;
- bone meal - 30 g;
- salt - 4 g.
Features of Feed Yeast
In addition to the fact that mixed fodder must be present in the diet of hens, which is the basis of the diet, care must be taken that the bird does not experience a lack of vitamins and minerals. Yeast is a good source of the food ingredients listed above, and introducing them into the menu is called yeast. You can be sure that the home hen will not experience signs of vitamin deficiency if yeast is present every day in the food.
How to cook yeast? The recipe is simple, for this you need 15 g of fresh yeast, which is bred in warm but not hot water with a volume of 1.5 liters. After the yeast dissolves, you need to add the ground flour to the yeast water, mix thoroughly and leave to completely dissolve for 6-8 hours. In this case, it is important to observe the correct temperature - about 20 ° C.
When the yeast has finished the fermentation process, you need to add all the ingredients that the chickens need in accordance with their age and breed in the mash. The feed, past the yeast stage, is given in an amount of 30 g per feed. Under the condition of regular yeast nutrition, poultry will be less sick, the offspring will be of high quality, and the mass growth will be stable.
The need for germinated grains in feed
It’s important to understand that nutrition for chickens is an essential part of grooming. Thus, if one or another component is missing in the diet, or vice versa, the emphasis is on one of the ingredients, this can lead to the chick having health problems and even dying later.
Poultry farmers believe that germinated grain should be contained in the feed for chickens. It is added for the reason that it contains a significant supply of vitamin B, which is so necessary for the normal life of a bird. How to germinate the grain? First, it is soaked in water at room temperature. So the grain should lie for about 2-3 days, after which the first growth of the shoots on the grain will appear. The farmer's task is to maintain constant grain moisture.
In addition to sprouted grain, it is recommended to enrich the diet with herbs, especially nettle or, in the winter season, dried green billets of clover and alfalfa. Due to its rich composition, these herbs can add carotene to chicken and other poultry. When the above herbs can be obtained fresh, naturally, they do not need to be dried.
What should be included in the diet of chickens, except feed
Often, the need for layers for vitamin D is not taken into account in the feed, so you can take additional measures to add this vitamin to the bird's diet. Poultry farmers often recommend laying hens in the fresh air, especially at a time when the sun is on the street. When it is cloudy, you can use the ultraviolet lamp (artificial sun) or give regular fish oil every day.
It also happens that chickens need vitamin E, which is also not so much in compound feed. What to do in this case? In order to fill the deficit and at the same time increase the laying rate of laying hens, one must not forget about the need for grain crops in daily feeding of the bird. Vitamin E is abundantly contained in sprouted grain; earlier we wrote how it is possible to germinate grains independently at home.
It is extremely rare that during daily feeding with compound feed, chickens lack protein, which can cause biting and cannibalism in the house, although in some situations, an excess of this component of food may also cause such painful conditions, which is why it is not worth changing the recommended proportions yourself the composition of the feed for a particular age of the bird.
What happens to poultry if you reduce the amount of carbohydrates and fats in your diet? This will negatively affect the quality of the eggs that the chicken carries, it will also worsen the ability of males to cover females, the external condition of the feathers will noticeably worsen, and many diseases can occur due to the fact that immunity decreases.
If the feed does not contain carrots and other orange ingredients, it is worth giving them periodically as a treat. The fact is that they have vitamin A. necessary for the development of chickens. It can also be found in such vegetables:
- White cabbage.
Given the lack of these food components in a chicken, appetite and egg production may deteriorate, characteristic nasal discharge often appears, which indicates the development of vitamin deficiency.
Now you know how to cook the feed yourself, why its presence in the diet is so necessary for chickens, what should be included in its composition, how many days does it take to consume one product or another for birds of different ages, and what product to prepare for the start of development of pets, and how to continue growing them