We prepare beds for strawberries in the fall - the main rules
Strawberry - everyone’s favorite berry is found in almost every suburban area. A guarantee of an excellent harvest is the right place of cultivation and the degree of fertility of the soil. It is necessary to prepare the garden back in the fall, so that on the arrival of warm days in the spring, go to planting.
We prepare beds for strawberries in the fall - the main rules
Strawberries should be grown exclusively in well-lit areas. In the case of susceptibility to winds and shade in bushes, the taste and yield are significantly reduced.
Ideally, the site should be flat, without any particularly noticeable differences in relief. However, a slight bias is allowed.
In connection with its direction, the taste of berries will also vary:
- the northern slope is characterized by a larger crop and a longer ripening period;
- in the south, the first fruits appear earlier and amicably, have a slight acidity.
It is better to arrange a strawberry bed from east to west. Also, when determining bushes on a steep hill, it should be borne in mind that in winter, strong winds blow snow from the surface. As a result, a plant devoid of temporary shelter will freeze.
Lowland is also not the best option. High soil moisture contributes to the growth of green mass to the detriment of the fruit, as a result, the berries will be extremely small.
Also in such conditions, infectious diseases and fungal spores are actively developing, which can lead to the death of the culture.
Crop rotation rules
The best option is to place young bushes in the area where beans, peas, celery and garlic were cultivated in the previous season.
Bulbous flowers, turnips, radishes are suitable as precursors. It is better to refuse planting in places where nightshade crops or cucumbers previously grew.
Through proper distribution of neighbors, slugs can be eliminated. To do this, sow parsley, scaring away with its smell. Beets, radishes and onions also have a beneficial effect on development.
To the chemical composition of the soil, strawberries do not impose special requirements. It feels comfortable on almost any soil, with the exception of sandstones. The highest yield is observed when the culture is located on loam.
Acidity should be in a neutral state, ideal Ph is in the range of 5-5.5 units.
At elevated rates, the environment is regulated by the introduction of dolomite flour, cement dust or slaked lime.
Soil is prepared in advance, about a year before the planting date.
An important role is played by the degree of soil nutrition. Ideally, it should have organic and mineral components.
- At the time of digging the earth (not more than 20 cm deep), manure is applied at the rate of 5 kg per 1 sq.m.
- Supplemented with 50 g of superphosphate, 25 g of ammonium sulfate and 15 g of potassium chloride, which are distributed on the surface and sealed with a garden rake.
It is also allowed to use ready-made purchased drugs in accordance with the instructions on the package.
How to prepare beds
The bed needs to start to be prepared a year before planting
In order for the autumn to properly prepare the bed for strawberries, you need to follow various schemes. The simplest and most common are ordinary mounds.
Some gardeners build full-fledged compositions that, in addition to practicality, also play an aesthetic role. To choose the most suitable one, it is worthwhile to carefully study the advantages and disadvantages characteristic of each.
Low bulk beds
The easiest way to organize garden space, does not require additional building materials and financial costs.
It is often used by summer residents-conservatives if the summer cottage is located in a lowland or on its territory groundwater passes close to the surface.
It is recommended to do this type of ridge in a trapezoidal shape, due to which shedding from the sides is prevented.
It should be borne in mind that very elevated beds inhibit the growth of crops due to the difficult access of roots to nutrients and moisture. Therefore, the height should be approximately 20 cm, which will additionally allow rain water to not accumulate in the thickness of the substrate.
The disadvantages include the difficulty of cultivating the land in the future and the contact of the berries with the soil, as a result of which the fruits are contaminated and quickly damaged, because high humidity provokes the appearance of rot and moldy plaque.
The principle of construction:
- The soil is dug up on a bayonet shovel, the roots of weed grass are removed. Additionally make the necessary fertilizers for the autumn period.
- Elevations are made, the formation of which occurs through the furrows in the middle. The minimum width is 20 cm, in case of planting plants in several rows, it is increased to 50-60 cm. A gap of half a meter is maintained between each ridge.
One of the important advantages is ease of use. The principle of construction is the use of special fences that hold the sides.
- are an excellent solution for garden plots, which are characterized by elevations;
- they make it possible to grow crops even in the northern regions thanks to the heat stored by the screen (the same function is performed by the organics used during digging, which maintains the temperature necessary for normal strawberry development during decay);
- no need for weeding the tracks, just walk them with a lawn mower or lay out with decorative stone;
- provide an early harvest, because on such ridges the snow falls first.
Timeline of creation:
- They dig a trench with a minimum size of 40 * 20, where the smallest indicator is height, the largest is width. A frame is installed around the perimeter. As the material used boards, brick, slate. Natural stones for such purposes are not suitable due to the fact that they quickly cool in the evening and, accordingly, do not support the conditions necessary for heat-loving strawberries.
- The bottom is laid with drainage from expanded clay, wood shavings or small branches, the recommended thickness is 20 cm.
- Distribute the organic layer on top, which serves as an additional feed to the plant. Dry foliage, weed grass, straw are used for it. The next stage is the incorporation of manure or peat in a rotted state.
- At the end, fill the space with a prepared substrate. Smooth out a rake. Planting seedlings on such beds is possible in 2-4 rows, depending on the dimensions of the constructed structure.
Beds under agrofibre
The bed must be done in a sunny place
Such beds practically do not require weeding, and the material used acts as mulch. In addition, you can be sure that the fruits do not rot under the influence of high humidity when in contact with a wet substrate.
The use of agrofibre also allows you to warm the earth naturally to a temperature comfortable for the plant and ensure the degree of aeration at the proper level.
The principle of creation coincides with that which must be followed when constructing low embankments. The only difference is that the surface is coated with black breathable agrofibre, which acts as a protective barrier.
To place strawberry seedlings in the ground, it is necessary to incise the cross-shaped fabric in the right place, after drawing the markup for even distribution.
Strawberries in trenches
A compromise option, in some ways similar to high beds. In this case, shallow trenches of 40 cm are excavated, reaching half a meter in width.
At the bottom lay a mixture of manure and fine sawdust, which over the next few years will act as an additional feed.
The prepared soil mixture, consisting of:
- 2 parts of garden soil;
- 2 parts of humus;
- 0.5 parts of river sand;
- 1 part of forest soil with deciduous leaves.
Additionally, wood ash is introduced in a ratio of 1 liter per 1 sq.m., abundantly watered and covered with a film.
Decorative vertical beds
The best way to maximize the use of the territory of a personal plot. It allows you to significantly save space without reducing yield. They give the garden a certain grace due to the high decorative qualities.
There are several variations of the construction, one of which is the installation of wooden boxes on the basis of the steps.
Polypropylene pipes are also actively used by gardeners. They are placed both horizontally, attaching to the facade of the house with clips and screws, and in a vertical position.
In the latter case, it is necessary to make holes for strawberry seedlings no more than 5 cm in diameter, distributing along the perimeter of the entire surface.
- Cons: the roots of the plant are far from a natural source of moisture. Watering is systematized by first placing inside the hose with the smallest perforation, which should be regularly filled with liquid.
- The main advantage: upon the onset of severe frosts, the garden bed can be moved to a place with the mildest microclimate conditions. When cultivating repairing varieties, you can enjoy juicy berries year-round.
Regardless of how the gardener decides to go by growing strawberries - standard or more time-consuming, with the additional goal of decorating the garden, the unchanged rule for obtaining a plentiful harvest is to comply with crop rotation requirements, as well as agricultural practices.