We make a hiller for a walk-behind tractor
The process of hilling potatoes is carried out several times a season. If it is a question of small territories, hilling is carried out without resorting to agricultural machinery. As for large areas, it is difficult to handle them with your hands. Let's talk about how to make a hiller for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, and consider what types of hills exist.
Okuchnik for a motor-block independently
In order to build convenient and functional equipment, you need to figure out what types of spouts exist. There are several classifications of this equipment. Let's consider each of them.
Type of equipment
On sale there are the following types of ridges for potatoes to a walk-behind tractor:
The most popular are disk and lister hills. Their design is simple, which allows you to reproduce the equipment yourself. The remaining types of ridgers are more difficult to manufacture. In addition, for small areas, the Lister or Disk model is quite enough.
It makes sense to think about the acquisition or manufacture of more complex structures when it comes to the industrial cultivation of potatoes.
Advantages of hudders of each type
The lister model is lightweight, which allows it to be mounted on low-power equipment. It does not cause overload of the walk-behind tractor even when working with heavy soils.
With the help of disk models that work well with the construction of the walk-behind tractor, the work can be done more efficiently. Another advantage of it is that during operation, you can adjust the width of the land. In addition, the disk design can be used as a propolnik.
Propeller type constructions are advisable to be attached only to those cultivators equipped with several front gears. Working with such equipment, in addition to loosening the soil, it will turn out to transfer it from row spacing to furrows. Propeller-type constructions are difficult to do on their own.
On the market are single-row and n-row models of each type (double, triple, etc.). Multi-row designs are designed to handle multiple rows at once.
There are 2 types of equipment:
Beautifully spouted potato
Passive equipment is used exclusively for hilling vegetable crops. As for active hillers for a walk-behind tractor, practically all types of earthwork (planting, hilling, cultivating, harvesting) are carried out with their help. This technique is equipped with a rotor. Accordingly, it works in an automated mode. To build it at home, without certain skills, is difficult. If there is a need for such a hiller, it is better to buy it.
There are adjustable and unregulated spouts. When working with an adjustable hiller for a walk-behind tractor, you can adjust the depth of tillage, as well as the width of the cultivated area.
Working with adjustable equipment, you can process crops between the rows of which are different distances, but they are usually heavy. They are not recommended to be attached to low power cultivators. In addition, when working with adjustable structures, part of the soil crumbles back when making furrows.
Before installing attachments, read the cultivator's instructions, which indicate how appropriate it is.
DIY Lister Hiller
This is the simplest type of device, the manufacture of which does not take a lot of time and money. Before making the product, it is advisable to make a drawing of a lister ridger for the walk-behind tractor, observing the proportions between all the structural elements. The drawing will show all the shortcomings and oversights, which will be more difficult to correct at the manufacturing stage than at the stage of thinking over the progress of work.
In general, the product looks like a miniature version of the plow.
To make a do-it-yourself hiller for a lister type walk-behind tractor you will need:
- a square metal pipe (2x2 or 3x3) or a metal rod, the width of which is 3 cm and the depth is 1.5 cm;
- a metal sheet with a thickness of 2 mm or more;
- strips made of metal with a thickness of 3 mm and 4 loops, if we are talking about an adjustable hiller.
The dimensions of the metal sheet depend on the size of the finished product. In addition to materials, you will need a welding tool and a grinder, electrodes, a hammer and keys.
Performance of work
- According to a pre-prepared template of metal 2 mm thick, we cut out the side parts of the product, which, due to some similarities, are called ears. The width and shape of the ears can be arbitrary. The wider the ears, the more land is poured under a potato bush. In the manufacture of the product, take into account the method of planting potatoes. If the aisles are narrow, the width of the ears should be small. If the aisles are wide, wider ears (10-15 cm) can be made. The length of the ears should be an average of 25 cm. In the narrowest part, the width of the ears is 5-7 cm.
- At this stage, the shape of the side parts of the homemade hiller is formed. It should be curved. The bending radius of both ears should be the same. Adjustment must be made as accurately as possible. Then the ears are welded and the seams are treated with a grinder to get an absolutely even top layer of metal.
- With the help of strips connect the ears to each other. Each of the strips is welded or attached to the ears using loops. Then the strips are welded together. Most often, the design is made so that the strips are located relative to each other at an angle of 90 °, and the side parts - 120 °.
- In order for the equipment to enter the earth without problems, it must have a sharp ending, which is called a nose. It is welded to the rest of the structure so that the angle between the strips fastening the ears and the nose is 150 °. In the end, you should get a solid design, without any gaps or protrusions. We weld the nose to the main part of the structure and additionally fasten it with a metal plate.
- At the final stage of work, we weld a bracket to the main part of the structure, with the help of which the fastener is attached to the cultivator. As an option, two metal strips can be welded to the inside, making holes on the second end of them of a size corresponding to a large bolt. We make the same holes in the bracket. Using a bolt and nut, we fasten the bracket to these strips. You can weld the strips to the bracket, providing a more secure fit.
- We sharpen the ends of the product so that they easily enter the ground.
This is a general scheme that allows you to make a hiller on a walk-behind tractor with your own hands. You can make adjustments to it, based on your own preferences and the existing tool. As an option, you can make a two-row hiller by connecting a beam with each other 2 structures made according to the above scheme. It is advisable to make the main part of the structure removable so that it is fashionable to change the width between the blades of the hiller. If the main part is welded to the beam, then, when planting potatoes, we make the row spacing corresponding to the distance between the hiller blades.
The only part worth buying is the hitch. The hitch for cultivators is sold in specialized stores. There are different sizes of parts and design options. Installing it is easy. And it will increase the reliability of fastening several times.
Dipers attach to walk-behind tractors and tractors
More versatile is the disk form of the hiller for a walk-behind tractor.
We will need:
- sheet steel, at least 3 mm thick;
- fixing bolts and washers;
- bearings with oil seals;
- metal pipe.
The equipment will need the same as in the manufacture of the previous model. Before creating the equipment, we make a drawing.
Performance of work
- In order not to make sheet metal disks, we use cutters from a collective farm seeder, which can be purchased in markets where various used equipment is sold. If you could not find the cutters, we cut out circles of the corresponding diameter from sheet steel (for potatoes 40-45 cm). As an option, we use lids from pots, previously sharpened at the edges. But, this is not the best option.
- We bend metal disks in such a way that they are slightly convex on one side and slightly concave on the other. Working with such equipment is easier. After bending, the distance between the edges of the discs laid on the ground should be the same. It is very important to get symmetrical disk hardware. If you make inaccuracies at this stage, then subsequent adjustment will not give the desired result.
- We mount the disks to metal racks made of sheet steel. We use fixing bolts and washers. We install bearings. You can do without bearings, but subsequently it will be inconvenient to work with the tool.
- We fasten both racks to a metal pipe. The distance between the discs should correspond to the distance between the rows. In relation to each other, place the discs at a slight angle (15-20 degrees). It is advisable to make the racks with disks removable so that the tool can be used for hilling various vegetable crops that sit at different distances from each other.
- We weld to a horizontal pipe a metal plate or a pipe of a smaller diameter, which, with the help of fixing bolts, will be attached to the bracket of the cultivator. Since the load on the equipment when working with heavy soils is high, make sure that the coupling of the homemade hiller and walk-behind tractor is reliable.
The equipment is ready to use. As in the previous version, this is an exemplary diagram that describes the main stages of work. A welded metal part in the shape of a horseshoe can be used to connect the disks. It is easier to build such a design, but it is less functional. Since changing the width between the disks of the finished product does not work.
It is better to place the hiller in front of the walk-behind tractor. The same applies to attachments, with which the cutting of rows is done. But the harrow, for example, clings to the rear.
- Nozzles, it doesn’t matter, we are talking about lister or disk hills, with a sliding design it is advisable to fasten only to walk-behind tractors, the mass of which exceeds 30 kg. There are requirements for the power of the walk-behind tractor. It should not be less than 4 horse powers (Eye, for example). For less powerful walk-behind tractors, it is advisable to use a single-row hiller or two-row, but with a constant width between the disks or “plows”.
- It is important to choose the right materials for the manufacture of equipment. Give preference to steel, which contains alloying components. They make the metal more durable and resistant to corrosion. Pay attention to the thickness of the sheet. Equipment, the main elements of which are made of thin steel, will be ineffective.
- Elements penetrating the soil should be streamlined. Otherwise, when using the technique, a larger amount of soil is turned out. And this contributes to the rapid loss of moisture. Accordingly, it will be necessary to water all crops growing in the cultivated area much more often.
- When purchasing a cultivator, make sure that it is designed for hanging additional passive equipment. As for motoblocks, which are more powerful than cultivators, there are no similar problems with them. All models can be attached with homemade or factory additional passive equipment.
- Before use, do not forget to adjust the angle and depth of immersion of the mounted home-made structure.
Making do-it-yourself attachments for walk-behind tractors is easy. Before use, disc and propeller structures must be adjusted. It is important and to choose the right walk-behind tractor. Popular models today are Cascade, MTZ, Oka, Salute, Agromash, MB-1, Neva, Agro, Centaur, Mole, Patriot, Ugra. Around the cultivator of the Eye revolves a lot of opinions. Some complain that belts wear out quickly. Some say that the quality of parts does not match pricing. But, despite this, the cultivators of the Oka are in demand. In addition, the Oka is a powerful unit that works without problems on heavy soils and virgin soil.