Ways to increase egg production in quail
Today, one of the lucrative and exciting activities is growing quails. The reason for this is quail egg production: from 200 to 300 eggs throughout the year. For the maintenance of these birds there is no need to build special rooms or chicken coops, you can grow crumbs at home, but for this you need a cage.
Quail egg production
A quail egg is a very valuable product that contains many minerals, vitamins and non-fatty acids, which is why a high level of egg production is one of the priorities for farmers who are engaged in poultry farming. In order to increase this indicator, it is necessary to study the features of egg laying in quail.
Quail - birds that grow very quickly and, accordingly, begin to sweep begin after a month. Depending on the breed, quail can lay 8 eggs during this period.
The period of active carrying lasts for 8, and sometimes 9 months. At the age of 9-10 months, the productivity of the laying hen decreases, but it continues to trot until the age of three.
Periods of egg production, factors affecting productivity
Periods of egg laying of quail:
- after 13 hours;
- late evening.
An exception is the Japanese breed of quail, its egg production begins immediately after feeding.
A feature of these birds is also the frequency of egg production. The quail carries 1 egg once a day for 5-6 days, after which there is a break for 1-2 days. Productivity depends on the following factors:
- anatomical features of the bird, its breed and age;
- content and feed base.
Knowing such features of influence factors, a person at home can significantly increase bird productivity and egg quality.
How can you quickly increase the egg production of these birds? You need to know the characteristics of age and monitor the nutrition of birds.
Ways to increase laying egg laying conditions
How to increase quail egg production? First of all, it is necessary to improve the habitat, its microclimate. For this purpose, it is important to consider the following indicators:
- thermal conditions;
- humidity level;
- room lighting;
- effective ventilation.
Quail needs comfortable warm conditions.
At a room temperature below 20 or above 25 ° C, quails are poorly carried, therefore, the most optimal conditions for productive egg production are 20-22 ° C.
In houses, air humidity must be kept between 50% and 70%. With a low level of humidity, the quail consumes a lot of liquid and eats poor feed, as a result, productivity is significantly impaired.
Quail rush exclusively in the light.
Poultry productivity can be stimulated by additional lighting in places of detention. For it is recommended to install artificial lighting. It is important to remember that the best option for using extra light is to turn it off every 12 hours to avoid depletion of the layers. Also, lighting should not be very bright.
When breeding quails, it is necessary to minimize the occurrence of noise near their habitat. This is due to the fact that excess sounds adversely affect egg production. Also, the surrounding noise can lead to a fright of the quail, as a result, the bird can completely stop flying.
These birds need proper care, they should clean the house once every 2 days. With a large accumulation of litter in the room where the bird is kept, ammonia fumes are released. This smell negatively affects productivity, egg production is significantly reduced.
To increase egg production, provide good ventilation in the room. It is important to ensure that there are no drafts: this is one of the reasons for the poor productivity of birds.
Ways to increase the production of quail eggs through the feed base
Feeding of eggs depends on feeding, it is affected by:
- variety of feed;
- periods and operational features of feeding.
How to increase the egg production of quail through the feed base? For this, birds need to be fed with special flour, which includes a large amount of protein substances and amino acids. You can also add a little chalk, ground flour from a shell rock to the feed. Such components contain minerals that make the eggshell hard.
While holding birds at home, you should adhere to the proper diet. Between feedings, it is necessary to remove feed from the feeders: this will enable the bird to “whet” the appetite until the next feeding. It is not recommended to overfeed the hens, as this leads to excess weight, productivity decreases. It is contraindicated to switch sharply to a different type of food, it should be done gradually, mixing a little new food and the old one. Egg-quail home-made quails very poorly tolerate any changes, which negatively affects their productivity.
Feed should always be the freshest, as over time premixes from the feed evaporate. They are one of the main components of feed. It is not recommended to purchase food in large packaging if there are not very many birds. Food that lies open for a long time may become moldy and become unsuitable for feeding. Experts recommend adding oil to the feed:
The composition of the oil includes saturated acids, fats and phospholipids, which stimulate the growth of young birds and accelerate its ripening. Such substrates of plant origin are similar to protein animal components and positively affect the productivity of birds in domestic conditions.
You can increase the egg production of domestic quail quite quickly, but in such a case you can not neglect the rules and laws of caring for young animals. The onset of egg laying may be stingy, but over time the level will increase.
The promoter of the productivity of such a feathered is a protein. Voronezh farmers in practice wanted to test whether protein feed additives affect the improvement of egg production. They created two groups of birds: experimental and control. The first group consumed food with the addition of protein supplements, namely soy (20%) and peas (80%). The second group of birds was fed only with ready-made purchased mixed feed.
Practical farmers came to the conclusion that, thanks to the addition of protein components, the food of the experimental group birds was nutritious, healthy and balanced. As a result, laying hens of this group began to lay eggs after 42 days, and birds in the second group - after 47 days.
Based on the results of the experiment, one can draw such conclusions. Manifested:
- high fertility rates;
- egg quality has improved significantly;
- the number of large eggs increased 2 times, and the size of small ones decreased 3 times;
- the weight of a feathered egg from the experimental group is 14% higher than that of a representative from the control group.
To increase quail egg production is not an easy task. First of all, you should thoroughly familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the maintenance of birds, the conditions of a suitable microclimate, and also study the rules and recommendations for their feeding well. Having properly organized the diet, as well as adding vegetable additives and proteins to the feed, you can achieve high productivity and maximum fertility result of these birds.