Watering Phalaenopsis Orchids

Watering phalaenopsis differs from irrigation of other varieties of indoor plants. Orchids are representatives of the tropics and belong to the genus epiphytes. Plants collect moisture from the air, not from the substrate in a pot. That is why orchids need water only in the form of fumes.

Watering Phalaenopsis Orchids

Ways and methods of watering orchids

Watering phalaenopsis at home is done in several ways, among which there are:

  • radical;
  • immersion in containers;
  • spraying;
  • creation of natural conditions with the help of an aquarium or other artificial mini-reservoir.

Each type of irrigation has its own rules. Preference for this or that option is given depending on the situation and moisture requirements during certain periods of the life of epiphytes.

Irrigation features

Orchid care involves a small number of operations, among which irrigation takes first place. The features of this process are rationing and regularity.

The amount of moisture depends on such factors:

  • Condition of the roots and wood filler of the flower container. Darkening of shoots or moldy soil is an indicator of excess water. Dry soil is lighter than wet, and also crumbles in the hands. Dehydrated shoots become silver.
  • The behavior of epiphyte after irrigation. Too succulent leaves, drops on aerial roots towering above the pot, or the appearance of aphids on the underside of the leaf indicates high humidity or poor fluid quality.
  • Pot weight. Excess water is confirmed by the unnatural severity of the vessel.

Properly water the phalaenopsis with water of a certain origin:

  • rain;
  • spring;
  • thawed.

To soften the tap water, biologically active additives, which are commercially available in flower shops, should be used. It is allowed to use filtered tap water, settled in an open bowl or boiled water.

After the purchase

The acquired flower needs quarantine measures for some time, because it can be a source of infection or a pest carrier. That is why the first irrigation after the purchase will have to be done away from other epiphytes. It’s even better to stand the “rookie” in a separate, enclosed room.

The flower will acclimate throughout the week. All this time, the irrigation regime should be the same, but it is not worth it to water the epiphyte too often. The best solution is to spray the soil with a spray gun. In this case, it is easy to add a little antiseptic for indoor flowers to the liquid for the first watering, but the infusion of garlic.

Watering Phalaenopsis after purchase

Flowering plants

During flowering, the orchid is watered several times a week. This allows the flower to create natural conditions and protect the air shoots from drying out.

During flowering, the plant is irrigated by any of the following methods:

  • daily under the root with clean water;
  • repeatedly during the day from the sprayer;
  • constantly immersing the pot in water (passively).

Blooming orchid is fertilized with water-soluble compositions for flowering epiphytes. The feeding schedule should follow the system described in the annotation to the tool.

After pruning or transplanting

After trimming, the epiphyte needs water, so as soon as possible after the manipulation, the phalaenopsis transplanted to a new place is watered.

During the recovery period, the tropical flower needs to be fed with succinic acid, good light and peace. Particularly carefully monitor the condition of the soil: it should be slightly moist, but not heavy, because the lack of proper ventilation threatens to damage the root system, hidden under the turf.

Watering at different times of the year

In winter and late autumn, watering a Phalaenopsis orchid differs from the irrigation process in a hot period of time. How often to water the indoor phalaenopsis, he will tell. To do this, carefully monitor the condition of the seedling and the color of its leaves. If the crown has a natural shine and turgor, and the leaf rosettes are dense and without signs of drying out, the orchids are watered qualitatively.

Irrigation frequency is also reduced due to:

  • Artificial space heating, not enough warming air in different parts of the room. Drying clothes and cooking with closed windows also contribute to increased humidity.
  • Cooling the soil in a pot. In winter, window sills get warmer, even when the batteries are hot and are in close proximity to them. Cold glasses also reduce the need for epiphytes in moisture.

In summer, it is correct to water the Phalaenopsis orchid from a watering can. The water temperature should be slightly higher than room temperature, and the drops shallow. After irrigation, excess water is collected in the axils of the leaves. In this case, paper towels or a foam sponge are useful.

Mistakes and their consequences

Proper watering of any Phalaenopsis orchid is the key to her health. For orchids, rooms with high humidity are the best choice, then often you will not have to water the phalaenopsis.

Violations of irrigation rules lead to consequences:

  • with excess water - to rotting of leaves, roots and soil;
  • with a lack of moisture - to dry leafy rosettes and flower shoots, underdevelopment of buds, thickening of the knees and strong growth of rhizomes;
  • in case of mismatch of the characteristics of water for irrigation - to alkalization of the soil, compaction of turf, rapid decomposition of the substrate.

Conclusion

The natural environment of orchids is difficult to recreate in the room. A flower that lacks moisture has green tight leaves and a dense leaf rosette, quickly forms aerial roots and blooms for a long time. Withering and loss of buds indicate poor care.

Excess moisture, as well as its lack, cause irreparable harm to orchids. Excessive humidity causes root decay and the development of complex diseases that lead to the death of euphytes.

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