Variety of cherished apple tree
The treasured apple tree is resistant to diseases and pests, characterized by abundant fruiting and late ripening, which occurs in late September. It has excellent frost resistance and is grown throughout Siberia.
Variety of cherished apple tree
Variety Zavetnoe refers to the early winter, the apple tree tolerates low temperatures well and has an average density of growth.
The following advantages can be distinguished:
- high crop quality;
- annual fruiting;
- ripen by the end of August;
- apples withstand long shelf life;
- fruiting begins in the fourth year;
- carry transportation;
- simultaneous ripening.
With too harsh winters, annual seedlings can freeze out - and this is a risk of diseases, growth impairment and a decrease in the number of fruits.
The tree reaches a maximum height of 2-3 m, the crown has a rounded sprawling shape. Ripening occurs simultaneously.
The leaves are oblong, dark green in color. The middle of the leaf is concave inward, veins are hardly noticeable.
Apples are small in size, their weight is 70-80 g. The skin is smooth, red in color, with a slight white blush.
With age, the fruit becomes larger, but the size and weight decreases. Taste is not reduced.
The composition contains organic acids, sugar and pectin.
As well as vitamins and beneficial amino acids, which contribute to increasing human immunity in the winter.
The fruits have a good taste.
The pulp is juicy and crisp, yellowish-white in color with a slight acidity. It has a delicate strawberry aroma.
The taste will be sweeter if September turned out to be cold and found apples at the time of ripening.
According to the description of the apple tree, the coveted variety begins fertility in the 4th year. The fruits are large, the yield is stable, annual.
From one tree harvest up to 60 kg of crop.
Even old trees are noted for stable fertility. The fruits are well tolerated.
The tree is fruitless. It is important to plant it next to varieties of the same ripening period. The best varieties will be:
- Altai Ruddy;
- Altai Bagryanoye.
In cold winters, the apple tree may be exposed to frost. It has low frost resistance, bark is especially damaged.
It tolerates low temperatures. At -30 ° C, it can freeze, and the quality of fertility deteriorates.
The cherished apple variety is unpretentious in care and does not have distinctive features when planting. When choosing a variety, it is important to consider the terrain and climate conditions. Seedlings should be taken from experienced gardeners.
It is better to plant in early spring to avoid frost. For storage in autumn, the seedling must be buried in the ground at an angle of 40 °. In the spring, when the snow melts and the cold disappears, it is transplanted to the main place.
Sunlight is important for apple trees
It is important to choose the right place for planting an apple tree. It should be well lit and protected from strong gusty winds. Of fertilizers, humus is best suited.
In autumn it is better not to plant, as seedlings do not have time to take root before spring. Landing technology will be feasible even for beginners:
- for seedlings, it is necessary to dig holes half a meter deep;
- organic fertilizers should be put at the bottom of the pit;
- it is important to straighten the roots so that they are better taken into the ground and tolerated frosts;
- it is possible to condense the earth with mulch or straw;
- at first, the tree requires abundant watering.
Trees are considered unpretentious, but it is important to follow some rules of care. Watering is carried out a couple of times per season. The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise it will begin to rot.
This is an important part when leaving. At first, you need to water often (as the soil dries).
Over the years, the apple tree does not need abundant watering. And you can do this twice a season: before flowering and after dropping leaves.
If the summer is too hot, you should water more often.
An important element in the cultivation is the addition of mineral elements. Mullein or urea is good for fertilizing - they are added around the trunk and added with a layer of soil.
Formation and pruning of branches is considered essential when leaving. They do this in the spring, when the juice has not yet begun to pass through the trunk, this is done to pass light into the crown.
Vertical shoots cannot be cut. Only horizontal and those that diverge to the sides should be removed.
Pest and Disease Control
Processing protects the tree from pests
Do not neglect care and preventive measures. Diseases and pests negatively affect the apple trees, can reduce productivity by up to 50%, and also lead to the death of the tree.
The coveted variety is resistant to scab, but in the early years of development it is worth using fungicides for additional protection.
Birds can help repel harmful insects that infect and adversely affect its further development.
Barrier belts are used against rodents. Fallen leaves are folded around the trunk and set on fire. Apple trees are wrapped with protective materials.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Fruits begin to appear on the 4th year. This variety is distinguished by abundant and regular fruiting. The ripening occurs simultaneously. From one tree, gardeners collect up to 60 kg per season.
Apples ripen in late September. If summer is dry and hot, then ripening occurs at the end of August.
Fruiting lasts five years. If you follow all the rules of care, you can extend the period to ten years.
Wooden boxes are suitable for storing the crop. They are stacked in one layer and placed in a dark, damp place, this is a basement or cellar.
The variety is great for winter harvesting, jam or stewed fruit. Can be dried or frozen.
This apple tree has no subspecies. Varieties similar in appearance and taste are Melba and Autumn Joy.
Features of growing in different regions
Despite the low frost resistance, this variety is widespread. Ripening depends on the climate.
If planted in the Moscow region or in the Urals, the crop will appear in late August. Closer to the Siberian regions, apples begin to appear in September. Changes in ripening depend on the temperature and weather conditions of the region.
According to the reviews of experienced gardeners, this variety has ideal characteristics. The tree requires close attention only in the first years, when increased growth intensity is noted.
The fruits tolerate autumn temperature differences well and can be used both for domestic needs (cooking, baking), and for industrial purposes (making juices, etc.)