Varieties of undersized tomatoes for open ground without pinching
Tomatoes are the most sought-after and beloved vegetable not only in our country, but throughout the world. At first glance, tomatoes seem an unpretentious plant, but any planting requires enough work and attention. But breeders have created tomato varieties that do not require much effort when growing them - these are early ripening stunted tomatoes for open ground without pinching.
Varieties of undersized tomatoes for open ground without pinching
Many vegetable experts mistakenly believe that when growing any variety of tomatoes, you should remove unnecessary side shoots from the axils of the leaves. It turns out that you can get a good crop from the open ground and without pinching. This was proved by the vegetable growers of the Moscow region, successfully using varieties of undersized tomatoes that do not need to be planted. Low-growing tomatoes from other varieties are distinguished by the fact that they can do without removing the extra shoots and this is the most important feature of this variety.
The advantages of undersized varieties
- Few leafy bushes.
- The fruits ripen at the same time.
- Tomatoes are the same in size.
Tomatoes that do not need to remove unnecessary shoots tolerate low temperatures well. The fact is that many tomatoes of low-growing varieties are grown on open ground without transplanting seedlings. You just need to plant the seeds in the ground. Tomato grown from seeds immediately in the open ground, more resistant to natural disasters, various stresses and becomes highly hardened.
For beginner growers, stunted tomatoes are an excellent option in the development of this type of activity. Only beginners can have problems with proper stepsoning. The fact is that it is very difficult to distinguish leaves from a stepson. It must be remembered that the stepson grows in the sinuses, and not on the stem of the plant.
Common varieties of undersized tomatoes
If you want to get tomatoes undersized for open ground without pinching, then you should pay attention to the variety of agate tomatoes. Agate begins to bear fruit 110 days after planting and the fruits of this variety are considered early ripe. Before planting, the seeds are treated with a weak solution of manganese, and then immersed in clean water for some time. For planting agates, it is advisable to choose a place where legumes, cucumbers or onions sprouted in the previous season. Agate plant grows up to half a meter in height.
Agate is a superdeterminant variety that does not require pinching and stops growing after tying the first brushes.
A variety of agate is characterized by good fertility: one bush gives more than 2 kg of fruit. Agate grows splendidly not only in the greenhouse, but also on the open ground. This property puts agate in the rank of universal varieties. Flat and round red fruits have a single size, sometimes reaching up to 150 grams. Due to the sweet taste of the fruit, agate is widely used for preservation, salads and natural consumption.
The fruit is rich in color.
Adeline is a stunted, determinant, medium-ripened fruit that grows well and ripens without greenhouses. At the request of vegetable growers, this variety can be planted both in open ground and under a film coating. The fruit is smooth, has an oval shape like an egg. Adeline variety matures by the end of the third month. Ripe fruit attracts attention with its rich red color.
The advantages of the Adeline variety include the following qualities
- Stress resistance.
- Endurance to sharp jumps in temperature.
- Good tolerance of drought.
- It does not require pinching.
Adeline is in demand among suppliers who value the benefits of excellent transportation. Culinary specialists often use tomatoes of this variety in the preparation of fresh salads, various sauces and canning. Any comment from gardeners in favor of the Adeline tomato variety is only positive. Even beginner gardeners try to grow such an unpretentious and stable variety on their site.
A determinant, non-standard type of tomato that does not require pinching and tying. Although, some gardeners prefer to remove shoots to the first brushes, thereby reducing the ripening time of tomatoes. Being a low-growing variety, white filling reaches a height of half a meter and is characterized by a small amount of foliage. The ripe fruit has a smooth shell and has a round shape.
Its maturation occurs in 3 months without greenhouses. Inexperienced gardeners can get a fruit weighing only 100 grams. And gardeners with extensive experience and a wealth of knowledge about proper care will be rewarded with fruits reaching a weight of up to 150 grams. The white filling has earned appreciation from vegetable growers for the fact that this variety is guaranteed to bring the desired crop, regardless of weather conditions. White tomatoes have the possibility of long-term storage. In cooking, white filling is preserved and used for ketchups.
Betalux are early-ripening, undersized tomatoes that can be grown without the use of greenhouses. From the moment the seeds are planted in the soil until full ripening, 2.5 months pass. The bush grows to 40-45 cm. Therefore, betelux does not require the removal of extra shoots and binding. Although most quivering gardeners, due to the severity of the fetus, are reinsured and tie the stem, in order to avoid breaking it.
The ripe Betalux fruit is red and round in shape, which weighs approximately 100 grams. If the loading of tomatoes in the open ground was carried out according to the scheme, then with proper care, you can get several kilograms of fruit from one bush. The fruit is good for canning and for preparing a variety of dishes.
The plant does well without herding
Unpretentious tomato variety, planting tolerates natural disasters without greenhouses, so this kind of tomato can be grown on open ground. Gnome tomatoes belong to a precocious plant variety. Fruit ripening lasts about 3 months. Due to the height of the bush at 40 cm, this species was called the gnome. The plant does not require herding and garter. The gnome has small leaves that have a beautiful light green color.
The positive qualities of a variety of gnome include
- Good transportation.
- High gastronomic performance.
- The fruit is smooth with solid red skin, small in size, weighs 60 grams. From one square meter, you can collect 7 kg of ripe fruit.
Gina is the latest result of European breeding science. This variety is loved by inexperienced gardeners, as it is not intricate in agricultural technology and high in yield. The bush reaches a height of 60 cm, if you create favorable conditions for the plant. Like most undersized varieties, gin does not need garter and stepsoning. However, there are cases that the plant grows much taller. In this case, you will have to tie up the stems to avoid blocking to the ground. A variety of gin has a large fruit, the weight of which reaches up to 400 grams.
The advantage of the gin variety is its endurance to various fungal diseases. Gin fruits perfectly tolerate long-term transportation and storage. This can be easily checked if you put the ripe fruit in a pre-sterilized container, tightly close it and in this form put the tomatoes in a cold place. After 3 months, you will get the same fresh crop from the container that you stacked before storage.
A zhigalo is a low-growing tomato of medium ripeness; it does not need a seedling method of cultivation. From the moment the seeds are planted in the ground until the fruit fully ripens, it will take a little more than 3 months. Lent is a standard bush, therefore the plant reaches a height of 40 cm. This indicates the absence of the need to pinch the tomato and tie it up. Inexperienced growers often take the fruit burned for the variety of aurea.
The fruits of these two varieties are similar in shape. Gigalo and aurea, the shape of the fruit is oblong and cylindrical. A tomato burned weighs an average of 150 grams with a length of 10 cm. From each bush, the crop is about 3 kg. Lint is used in cooking for the preparation of canned salads, since the natural dryness of the fruit is rarely in demand for fresh consumption.
Features of growing undersized tomatoes
Growing undersized varieties is much easier than other varieties of tomatoes. Pasynkovka takes a lot of time and requires certain knowledge. And for growing undersized plants, the gardener does not need to constantly monitor the growth of the plant and observe agricultural technology to the smallest detail. Unpretentious in growth, low-growing varieties surprise with their high productivity. Growing tomatoes of undersized varieties will be interesting for beginners and inexperienced gardeners.
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes will delight vegetable growers with their resistance to high humidity and the ability to tolerate harsh climatic changes. No matter how well the fruits tolerate weather disasters, when choosing seeds, you need to take into account the environmental conditions in which the seeds will be planted. Agricultural specialists advise vegetable growers to opt for varieties of the determinant type. These tomato varieties are characterized by rapid development and early maturity of the fetus and they do not need to be closely monitored. Harvesting is not delayed for a long time, and the fruits ripen at the same time.
Necessary rules for growing undersized tomatoes
- Before sowing seeds, you should prepare the soil for planting. Garden soil is mixed with river sand and humus.
- The best time to plant seeds is the beginning of spring.
- When planting seeds, you should consider the recommendations on agricultural technology. Deepen the seeds from 1 to 2 cm in a pre-moistened soil.
- It is best to plant seeds at a distance of 1 cm.
- To help weak sprouts gain strength as soon as possible, it is recommended to create favorable temperature conditions, within 25 degrees.
- It is necessary to observe the irrigation regime and constantly fertilize the soil with vitamins.
Varieties with very large fruits, many experienced gardeners still recommend tying up. In this case, each fruit will receive enough sunlight, it will be well ventilated, creeping insects will not spoil it, and when harvesting a clean tomato can be picked.