Varieties of pink grapes
Grapers use different types of berries for different purposes. Dessert pink grape, suitable for making wines. Externally, exotic berries do not require special care.
Varieties of pink grapes
Varieties of culture
Pink grape varieties range from light pink to purple.
Varieties of varieties:
- Gurzufsky grade;
- Pink raisins;
- Pink amber;
These are the main varieties of pink grapes. There are also hybrid forms and types of late ripening, but the latter are not suitable for the Russian climate on open ground. They are grown only in greenhouses. It is more complicated and requires special knowledge and skills.
Gurzufsky pink grapes are classified as early ripeness. The ripening period is about 110 days. He was taken out in the city of Gurzuf, in the territory of Crimea. It is suitable for cultivation by beginner growers, as it does not require special care.
Description of berries:
- clusters of medium or large size up to 300 g;
- the berries are loose, round in shape;
- have a mild nutmeg taste.
Sugar berries are about 30%. These are great indicators for culture, therefore their caloric content is higher than that of other species. Gurzuf pink loves warmth and light, so it should be grown on the south side of the site, choosing not too moist soil.
Of the pink grape varieties, this one has the largest berry size - up to 4 cm in length. Its shape is cone-shaped, located on the bunch loosely. The fruit is fleshy, juicy, inside each berry - 1-2 large seeds.
Dubrovsky is cultivated even in the northern regions of the country, since it has increased frost resistance. Fruits in the second year after planting. Also, in temperate climates, varieties were bred: Donskoy and Tambov. Their description is the same as that of the Dubrovsky species.
“Pink haze” is an early grape variety; fruits can be harvested after 110-120 days. This kind is universal in use. It is eaten, juice and wine are made. They note good fruitiness of the berry - up to 6 kg from the bush, and a significant cluster size - up to 1.5 kg.
The variety does not tolerate frost
Grapes Pink Kishmish is an oriental variety, it was bred from wild species of berries. People appreciate it because of the lack of seeds.
Pink raisins - late-ripe grapes, the period of complete ripening is 140 days, so it is carefully planted in the north.
Despite the late ripening period, significant advantages are noted:
- Tall bushes.
- High yield.
- Resistance to oidium, but a high risk of damage by a bunch of leaves.
Kishmish pink grapes also have disadvantages: it is too thermophilic, requires a lot of light and high temperatures for ripening. Frost resistance is low, which does not allow it to be grown in all regions.
This species was obtained by selection, it was bred by the Russian Institute of Michurinsk. This is a non-covering type of culture - it is left to winter without shelter if the air temperature is above -16 ℃. Therefore, Pearls are suitable for cultivation in the northern regions, where it is planted from 5 to 30 June.
The description of the species is as follows:
- Sugar content 25%.
- The conical shape of the bunch, weight up to 500 g.
- Pale pink color of berries.
- High productivity - up to 8 kg per bush.
The absence of additional shelter is possible only if there is a protective layer of snow and without temperature fluctuations.
This type of berry is used for making wine. Ripening takes place in 130 days under favorable conditions. The clusters are in the form of a cone or cylinder, large. The berries are dark pink or dark purple.
But Chasla is not suitable for growing in the northern regions, because it has a number of features:
- reduced drought resistance;
- does not tolerate frosts;
- susceptible to fungi and infections caused by high humidity.
The species was bred in France, so it focuses on a warm and sunny climate.
Little is known about these species, since they cannot determine their origin. It is believed that they were brought out by Kraynov. Those who cultivated the culture give it such characteristics:
- large clusters - up to 1, 5 kg;
- dessert berry;
- the berries have a strawberry flavor.
Observed frost resistance reaches -23 ℃. Relative resistance to fungal infections is present.
Berries do not tolerate transportation
This species was bred abroad. It ripens late and requires sunny warm weather. If the summer is cold, it bears little fruit or does not ripen at all. Berries are pink with a waxy coating. The average weight of the bunch is 700 g, the berries are round.
In cold and rainy summers, berries can burst.
Because of this, Flamingos are grown mainly in greenhouses privately. Not used in industry, as it does not tolerate transportation.
This is a Belarusian type of culture obtained by selection. A distinctive feature is massed clusters. The weight of one is about 260 g. It is dense, so the berries are often deformed, which spoils the aesthetic appearance.
Sugar up to 25%. Testers noted such features of the form:
- High frost resistance (up to -29.6 ℃).
- Resistant to mildew, but prone to gray rot.
- Bushes are often overloaded with crops, you need to normalize.
Low mobility makes this species suitable only for cultivation at home. The maturity is very early, so it is grown in a temperate climate. Minsk is suitable for eating and for making wine.
Species Ultra Kostrikina (also of Belarusian origin) is suitable for cultivation in the north and has similar characteristics.
Early ripening culture. Like raisins, the fruits are seedless, rounded in shape. To taste slightly sweet, crispy berries. Forms large clusters from 800 g to 1.2 kg. Bunches of broad conical shape.
Lotus is resistant to low temperatures.
According to catalogs withstands up to -23 ℃. Not suitable for winemaking, consumed fresh and dried.
An old Austrian type of culture, thermophilic and requiring special weather conditions. In the north, it is really possible to grow it only in greenhouse conditions, since the bush is restored for a long time after low temperatures.
It is planted on irrigated areas of chernozem, on the southern and western slopes. Bushes have great growth power. The ripening period is late, up to 155 days. Traminer is appreciated for making dessert wines, champagne, juice.
This is an early type of table berry, full ripening occurs after 125 days. The clusters are small, loose (with a significant distance between the berries). The average mass of a bunch is up to 350 g.
During full maturity, the skin color is greenish-amber, in the sun it shines with reddish hues. It is an Altai species, therefore it is successfully grown in temperate climates.
Dniester (or the Paradise of the Dnieper) ripens late, about 160 days. They note a good resistance of the Dniester to diseases, increased keeping quality of fruits, and early coloring of berries. Resistance to typical diseases simplifies crop care, spraying up to 3 times per season.
The average of all clusters is 250 g. The frost resistance of the species is relative; it is cultivated mainly in the south. For a temperate climate, the species is offered to be grown in greenhouse conditions.
Pink grapes are represented by many varieties that have different characteristics, origin and purpose. Most of them are suitable for growing in a temperate climate, if not for open ground, then for greenhouse conditions.
The benefit of the berry is that it is universal: it is suitable for raw consumption, winemaking, juices and raisins.