Varieties of pears for growing in central Russia
Pear is a thermophilic culture. She prefers open areas, easily tolerates prolonged drought, is unpretentious to soils, but is afraid of severe frosts. Until recently, few managed to grow a fruit beauty in a personal plot. Today, thanks to breeders and agronomists, pear varieties have appeared at the disposal of gardeners for central Russia.
Varieties of pears for growing in central Russia
The middle strip of Russia is characterized by snowy, moderately frosty winters and rather wet and warm summers. Pears that can grow under such conditions have the following characteristics:
- the fruiting period begins in the fourth year;
- plentiful harvest every year;
- short stature or mid-height;
- high degree of resistance to diseases;
- frost resistance.
Gardeners pay attention to the attractiveness of the fruit. The disadvantage of large, fragrant and vibrant fruits is their short shelf life. Most of them are practically not transportable.
At the infield, it is recommended to grow at least 3 types of pears:
These plants have different ripening times.
If the household plot does not allow to plant several full-fledged seedlings, several vaccinations are made on the same trunk. As a skeleton-forming tree, the Theme variant is suitable.
Growing fruit crops begins with seedlings. The best time to plant is autumn. Seedlings are recommended to be taken at the age of 2 years.
New summer pear species ripen in July. The fruits of such trees are consumed fresh, rarely processed into jams, preserves and fruit drinks.
Among the many summer garden crops, the best are the following varieties:
- Bashkir summer;
- Dessert Rossoshanskaya;
This culture is distinguished by versatility, annual fruiting and winter hardiness. Bashkir summer refers to medium-sized trees. Neat, thickened foliage forms a round-pyramidal shape, shows high scab resistance.
The fruits have a good taste.
The fruits of this beauty reach a weight of 100 g. Fully ripened fruits acquire a yellowish-green color with a faint blush, are characterized by excellent taste, snow-white juicy pulp and a pleasant aroma.
In its description, the Messenger is similar to the Bashkir summer one, with the exception of the appearance of the fruits. The crop of this culture consists of small pears, the weight of each of which reaches 50-60 g. They hang on elongated stalks. The fruits of the Messenger are sweet, with light coffee pulp, a pleasant smell, but not succulent.
Dessert Rossoshanskaya refers to winter-hardy varieties. Gardeners note its versatility, early maturity and annual abundant fruiting. The crown of the plant forms a pyramid.
Fully ripened fruits weigh 200 g. A light blush on a peel yellow with green tones gives the pears a sophistication. Consumers note good taste, a pleasant smell, snow-white compacted juicy flesh.
Baby pear is the earliest variety. Its feature is a different time of fruit ripening on the same tree. The culture is classified as vigorous. Crohn's plant is compact. The variety demonstrates resistance to diseases, pests, and easily tolerates mid-season winters.
Bright yellow fruits weigh almost 80 g. The pulp of ripe fruit is creamy, tender and juicy.
Pear Thumbelina was named for the size of the fruit. Their weight is not more than 70 g. Brownish-yellow fruits are distinguished by tender and juicy pulp. The culture is classified as medium-tall. Its heavily thickened crown has a rounded thick crown. Thumbelina has good winter hardiness.
Autumn varieties of pears
In the second half of September, autumn cultivars begin to ripen. Harvesting from such trees is carried out as the fruit ripens, they are removed slightly immature: so you can take care that the fruits do not fall to the ground.
The variety of autumn types of fruit pears allows you to choose seedlings to your taste.
Among gardeners, the following pears are popular:
- Academic 4-112;
- Bergamot of Moscow
This variety pleases with productivity
A wide-pyramidal thick and compact crown distinguishes the Academic 4-112 from the description of other pear trees for central Russia. Maroon fruits weigh 150 g each. The snow-white, saturated, compacted pulp has a sweet taste with a refreshing sourness and a subtle aroma.
The culture of the Academic 4-112 variety is characterized as productive, resistant to scab. The plant requires additional shelter from frost.
Bergamot of Moscow
Bergamot of Moscow belongs to universal cultures. Winter hardiness and yield are above average. The plant is resistant to scab. Its rare crown forms a wide oval.
A distinctive feature of the fruit of Bergamot of Moscow are large, clearly visible subcutaneous points on a yellowish-green peel. Gardeners note the good taste of ripe fruit. The pulp of the fruit is characterized by a pleasant aroma, juiciness and pleasant acidity.
The list of winter-hardy fruit crops includes Veles pear. The plant is classified as medium-tall with a drooping pyramidal crown. It shows good resistance to diseases and pests.
Yellowish-green fruits weigh 150 g. Tasty, sweet fruits have a juicy creamy flesh.
Later cultivars are characterized by a high degree of winter hardiness. Faithful pear is a typical representative of this group of fruit trees. This is a medium-sized plant with a drooping crown.
Fruits weigh from 90 to 130 g. Juicy cream-colored pulp is distinguished by excellent taste.
Winter pear varieties
Winter varieties of pear crops are characterized by a relatively high degree of keeping quality.
Fruits from such trees are ripened unripe, covered with paper or straw and left in a cool dark place.
Winter pears are characterized by increased frost resistance. Almost all varieties are winter-hardy. The latest varieties of culture:
- Belarussian late;
This culture is distinguished by a dense crown. The plant is susceptible to scab, but resists pathogenic bacteria.
Yellowish fruits with a faint blush weigh 100-120 g. The yellowish flesh is juicy, good in taste and has a subtle aroma.
Late Belarusian is the best pear for storage. Its fruits feel good at temperatures from -10 ° C to 30 ° C. With air humidity comfortable for fruits (no more than 80%), fruits are stored until spring.
The January pear is distinguished by the sweetest fruits. They can not be left in a warm place: the fruits instantly become hard or deteriorate.
The variety has large fruits weighing up to 200 g with snow-white juicy pulp with a weak aroma.
Winter-hardy and drought-resistant culture shows a high resistance to scab. It refers to medium-tall fruit crops with a rounded crown.
Growing pear orchards in central Russia does not present any difficulties. The variety of types of fruit trees allows you to choose the most suitable seedlings for the site.