Varieties of litter for pigs
Growing pigs is one of the most cost-effective businesses. Successful breeding of animals is based on providing the most comfortable living conditions for piglets and adults. It is recommended to use natural litter for pigs in the pigsty. This option is considered the least expensive.
Litter for pigs
Content when using bedding for pigs is similar to the principle of the dry closet. Directly in the layer of sawdust or other biomaterial special bacteria are placed that break down the waste products of pigs, as a result of which the necessary amount of heat is released into the atmosphere.
The use of bedding for pigs involves a number of rules:
- the room must be well ventilated;
- the use of concrete flooring is not allowed;
- it is necessary to exclude the appearance of drafts;
- it is important to ensure proper drainage of the soil;
- the air temperature in the room should not fall below zero.
Fermentation litter for pigs allows you to not build a solid building. It can be made from a conventional metal frame and covered with an awning. An important point in the application of the method is the diet of pigs. Food should include at least 50% fiber. It is this percentage that increases fermentation, which in turn enhances heat transfer.
What is litter material?
Bio litter for pigs is a flooring of various types of natural material, such as:
- straw with all kinds of cereal plants;
To ensure the desired effect, special preparations containing coprophages are placed in a dry layer of biomaterial. These are special microorganisms that are able to process animal waste products. This method allows you to eliminate unpleasant odors from the room and heat the shed in the winter without the use of additional electrical devices.
Keeping pigs on a deep bed is the safest breeding method for pigs. The principle of its operation is a continuous chain of chemical reactions, as a result of which the fermentation process is activated. Permanent bedding always remains dry.
A deep litter for pigs is laid on a cleaned sanitized floor. Initially, a layer of biomaterial is laid (approximately 20 cm). On top of the drug is strewed with coprophages. Fermentation non-replaceable litter is laid at a temperature of 5 to 10 ° C. As the floor gets wet, add new layers and sprinkle the drug.
Features of use
Fermentation non-replaceable litter can last about 4 years provided that pigs are constantly in the barn. If the animals are not in the pigsty for 3 weeks, all the bacteria will die, because they will not have a source of nutrition.
After laying the layers, the litter for pigs with bacteria in the pigsty begins to work after 3 days.
Raising livestock requires a much larger layer of flooring than poultry. In a pigsty, the layer thickness can range from 50 cm to a meter. One of the main advantages of the pig breeding method on non-replaceable bedding is its availability: you can buy drugs at any store, and their price is more than affordable.
How to grow pigs by the presented method
Growing pigs using bionastil implies their constant presence in the room, otherwise the bacteria will have nothing to eat and they will die.
The maintenance of pigs on a deep litter suggests several options:
- grazing land
Grazing is practiced for the most part in the summer. The herd is formed from same-sex individuals of the same age. In large farms, free-range is automated. In addition to juicy green pasture in the diet of pigs should be dry compound feed containing a large amount of fiber.
The stall method is used in the cold season. With this method of keeping indoors, you need to install a dehumidifier. A ventilation system should be equipped in the barn so that waterlogging does not cause infection.
Deep litter has a huge number of advantages:
- saving financial and energy costs on room hygiene;
- dissolution of waste products in 24 hours;
- elimination of unpleasant odors, preventing the appearance of dirt and increasing air humidity;
- maximum approximation of the conditions of detention to the natural habitat;
- reduction in the emission of ammonia vapors and groundwater pollution.
When to clean and where to go
When kept on non-removable bedding in pig breeding, it is also necessary to take care of stable room hygiene. It is necessary to do the cleaning of waste materials on time. On average, the bacterial litter lasts 4 years. The final stage of its use is very easy to determine by appearance.
At the end of its service life, the biomaterial does not absorb moisture well and does not process feces, resulting in an unpleasant odor in the room. For 4 years, the compost layer in the pigsty reaches a meter height. This amount of waste material needs to be put somewhere. It is not surprising that many breeders ask whether it can be used as fertilizer for the garden.
In the manufacture of drugs, a natural bacterium is used, therefore, as a fertilizer, all of the compost can be used completely. Even if someone is embarrassed by the presence of bacteria in the waste material, after 3 weeks they will still die, because they will have nothing to eat. Such compost is perfectly stored.
What the townspeople say
Reviews of those who keep pets on non-removable flooring are mostly positive. Growing on a deep flooring offers many benefits. For example, it is not necessary to spend a fortune on the equipment of a solid building, you can build a metal frame and cover it with an awning. The dimensions of such a room can be freely adjusted.
Litter should be changed every 4 years or when a new livestock is populated. It is not necessary to constantly clean the waste material, it is enough to lay a small layer of biomaterial when wet. The litter is always warm and dry, which helps to increase the immunity of pigs. Due to the processing by bacteria of the entire volume of feces and urine in the premises, there is no characteristic unpleasant odor. Inside the litter, a high temperature regime is constantly maintained within 40 ° C, so rodents and pests will never start in such rooms.
On such bedding it is possible to contain not only adult animals, but also piglets. Breeders note that the price of preparations for creating a fermentation litter is more than acceptable, which is good news. The whole process is based on the natural reaction of biomaterials with bacteria, so compost, after working out the validity period, can be used as fertilizer. In addition, due to the presence of bacteria, fertilizer can be stored much longer than regular manure.
Breeding pigs often requires huge costs, especially when it comes to creating a pigsty and equipping it. Not so long ago, the technology of keeping pigs on a deep irremovable litter came to us from the East, which allows us to significantly reduce costs and simplify maintenance. The essence of the method is laying on a disinfected floor covering a layer of shavings, sawdust, straw or hay mixed with special preparations containing coprophage bacteria. Reacting with feces and urine, bacteria completely break them down during the day, releasing heat into the atmosphere. In the deepest layers, a temperature of 40 ° C is maintained.
The chemical process allows even in winter to contain pigs in the room without special heating. A warm litter can last several years before it needs to be completely replaced. The high temperature inside the fermentation litter allows you to forever forget about the appearance of rodents and other pests that carry all kinds of diseases. The main thing is that animals should be in the room periodically, otherwise the coprophages will die, and the litter will have to be replaced ahead of time. Almost all breeders who have tested the drug unanimously say that there is nothing better than keeping on a deep litter. The video details how to lay a deep flooring.
Agriculture is a non-waste production in which everything can be used, but many breeders, not having enough information, are worried about where to put the spent biomaterial. The answer to the question is very simple: compost can be used as fertilizer, because coprophages do not harm the environment.
When using the method of pigs, it is necessary to feed concentrated feed with a high fiber content to maintain the thermal effect during the reaction of waste with bacteria. The mass of advantages makes the content method more and more popular every day.