Useful properties of green grapes
Green grapes are very sweet, it is rich in vitamins and minerals. Berries are suitable for processing and are consumed fresh. Today in the world there are 800 different grape varieties.
Useful properties of green grapes
Benefit and harm
The benefits of green grapes for the body are undeniable. It contains useful vitamins and minerals that actively boost immunity. Antioxidants have a rejuvenating effect. Used for the production of anti-aging creams, nourishing masks and scrubs for face, body.
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Vitamins in green grapes:
- ascorbic acid (antioxidant);
- B vitamins;
Vitamins in green grapes are preserved even after heat treatment and drying. Carbohydrates and fiber help speed up metabolism.
Red grapes are healthier, but green is less allergenic, so it is allowed for pregnant and lactating women. The recycled juice will help the young mother quickly restore strength and enrich the body with vitamins necessary to maintain beauty and health.
Useful green grapes catechins, which may be contained in certain varieties in large quantities. They protect against cancer of the breast, bladder and prostate.
The benefits of green grapes with seeds are that they contain the oils necessary for the normal functionality of the capillaries. Antioxidants in conjunction with natural oils contribute to the absorption of blood clots and the removal of toxins, cholesterol from the body in a natural way.
The harm of green grapes lies in the high content of carbohydrates. The berry is contraindicated for diabetics, gastritis, patients after surgery.
The most common varieties of green table grapes: Round and oval raisins, White Miracle, Bazhena, Valentina, Ladies' fingers.
Technical types: White Muscat, Chardonnay, Albarinier, Aligote, Riesling.
Varieties of universal purpose (combine the properties of dining and technical): Arora, Albillo.
Varieties of green grapes are heat-loving plants. Over the long years of selection and practice, it has been possible to regionalize several varieties that are moderately resistant to frost and which survive severe frosts. The best varieties zoned in Russia: White Miracle, Chardonnay, White Muscat, Bazhena, Valentina.
Table hybrid, weak and medium height. The bunch can weigh up to 900 g. The berries are large, light green.
The main bonus is the good quality of the fruit and unpretentiousness in care. They retain their presentation for a long time. Productivity is stable, average. Among the shortcomings of gardeners, the fragility of one-year-old shoots is distinguished. One of the few varieties allowed for use in HBV and pregnancy in small quantities.
The variety is suitable for the manufacture of white wines. Low-yielding, early appearance. Maturing term - 140 days.
Bunches of cylindrical shape. The fruit is round, green with seeds. The pulp has a strong, pleasant aroma, sweet. The skin is thin, dense structure that allows you to store fruits for a long time. Chardonnay green grapes, the properties of which have long been appreciated by winegrowers, have several disadvantages:
- high susceptibility to diseases;
- low resistance to spring frost;
- tendency to pea.
The variety has excellent taste.
Green grapes, the beneficial properties of which have been known since antiquity. Used in industrial viticulture. Early grade medium height. Zoned in the southern latitudes of Russia, poorly tolerates frosts.
The bunch is cylindrical, medium density. The berries are light green. The pulp is of a delicate structure with excellent taste. The description indicates a high susceptibility of plants to fungal diseases and pests, progressing in a humid climate.
Self-pollinated tall bush. The ripening period is only 100 days. Bunches of conical and cylindrical shape. The density is average. Refers to table hybrids.
Upon reaching technical maturity, the berries are green with a yellowish tinge. The pulp is nutritious, juicy. Taste combines notes of apple and cherry. Berries easily tolerate transportation.
Table vigorous, high-yielding, disease-resistant species. Demanding on soil composition and maintenance. The bunch consists of green oblong berries with 2 stones. The length of the bunch reaches 40 cm.
The fruit is large. The pulp is tender, melts in the mouth, sweet with a sage aftertaste. Juice is used to make sweet white wine. The skin is thin, easily damaged. Excess moisture leads to cracking of the fruit.
Propagation of green grapes is carried out by layering. In the spring they need to be rooted without tearing from the bush. When the stalk takes root, it is carefully disconnected from the bush. Cuttings of frost-resistant varieties purchased on the market are planted in the spring, and unstable to cold in the summer. Before planting, the root system of the shoots is placed for 12 hours in a solution of manganese.
Sprouted plants do not inherit the properties of parental bushes. Retain individual features. When propagated by cuttings, powerful lignified shoots are cut in autumn and planted in plastic cups for the winter. In the spring, transplant to an open area.
Varieties of green color prefer nutritious fertile, chernozem soils. Poorly take root on loam. Pits are prepared in the fall. Contribute to potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. The size of the pit is 80x80x80 for chernozem areas, 100x100x100 for sandstones. A layer of crushed stone or expanded clay is placed at the bottom of the pit to provide the roots with air and protect them from waterlogging, lay a layer of soil with mineral fertilizers on it.
Before planting, treat the root system with a chatterbox consisting of humate, clay and room temperature water. In the pit, make a mound on which to distribute the root system and fill it with fertile soil mixed with sand and superphosphate. Equip a drip irrigation system.
- in the summer - debris, garter, watering, preventive treatment, top dressing;
- in the fall - preventive treatment for pest diseases, preparation for winter;
- in spring - sanitary pruning, garter, pest treatment with copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid.
Care for green grapes in the warm season is to shorten the shoots, pinching. Pruning is carried out on specimens above 170 cm. Feeding begins to be applied from the 4th year of life on the site. Remove the extra stepsons to redirect the plant to the formation of powerful shoots and berries. At the beginning of the season, treatment with Rudomil diluted with Fufanon is carried out.
In the autumn, preparatory work is carried out in the vineyard. After harvesting, feed the plants with organics mixed with ash. Autumn pruning is carried out after the leaves fall. Varieties, resistant to frost, prepare for winter. Around the trunk make a mound, cut the vine to bend it to the ground and cover it with spruce branches.
The first watering is carried out after removing the winter shelter. Young seedlings are watered through pipes dug into the ground. On 1 bush 4 buckets of water.
The second watering - 7 days before flowering, the third - at the end of flowering. A week before shelter, the last water-loading irrigation is carried out.
Nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied before flowering. Its use in the later stages will lead to an increase in the leafy part and reduce yield. Alternate root top dressing with leaf. For foliar application, use ready-made complex preparations: Novofert, Plantafol, Kemira. Garter is carried out in the spring after removing the shelter and in the summer when new shoots appear.
A variety of green grapes is more beneficial for the body than other varieties. They are less caloric, allowed in the diet. Green grapes have something that is not found in other varieties - a unique combination of flavonoids and antioxidants. Plants are unstable to cold, require mandatory shelter for the winter. Subject to agrotechnical rules, there will be no problems with green grapes.