Useful and harmful properties of red cabbage
Red cabbage is popular in cooking. It is consumed fresh, pickled and stewed. The description contains information about the benefits of red cabbage for the body.
Useful and harmful properties of red cabbage
The structure of the structure, taste and appearance of the vegetable is the same as that of white cabbage. The only difference is the chemical composition and color of vegetables. The crop head of this culture has a red or purple color, which is why it is called red-headed.
In red cabbage, the chemical composition is much richer. The garden beauty contains vitamins and minerals necessary for human health. Not all varieties of this vegetable have such a balanced nutrient composition:
- all B vitamins;
- vitamins PP, A, E, C, N.
Red cabbage (or purple cabbage) contains a large dose of iron, potassium, calcium, sodium and magnesium. These vital trace elements are extremely important for the health of both women and men.
According to the biological description, the culture has unique properties:
- useful for children and recommended for use at the age of 1 year;
- contains a daily dose of vitamin C and with regular use makes up for its deficiency;
The energy value
Calorie content of the product is very low. 100 g contains 23 kcal, so red cabbage can be safely included in the diet. The ratio of BJU: a large dose of protein and few fats and carbohydrates.
What is the usefulness
The beneficial properties of red cabbage are more apparent when consumed raw.
The benefits of red cabbage for humans:
- increases vascular elasticity;
- the intestines are cleansed of toxins;
- leads to normal blood pressure;
- removes harmful cholesterol from the body;
- prevents the development of cancer;
- boosts immunity;
- eliminates puffiness (the vegetable has a diuretic effect);
- normalizes the digestive system.
Cabbage juice has healing properties
Red cabbage juice has unique healing properties:
- heals wounds, so it is used orally to treat ulcers and gastritis;
- has an antibacterial effect;
- helps in the treatment of tuberculosis.
Juice from red cabbage has a beneficial effect on the growth and development of the young body, improves immunity, so it is part of baby food.
Red cabbage juice improves the condition of the skin, nails and teeth, makes the skin velvety, soft and fresh.
Especially great value red cabbage juice is for women. Hair rinses are made from it. Such procedures improve the condition of the hair, retain color and give them vitality and shine. Freshly squeezed juice is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 0.5 L.
There are some contraindications to the use of red cabbage:
- allergic reactions;
- urolithiasis, indigestion and flatulence;
- lactation period (the product provokes colic in the baby).
In the diet for children, mashed red cabbage puree is introduced from six months of age.
The variety of red cabbage has less carbohydrates than other varieties; it is allowed to consume with diabetes.
Red cabbage or lilac cabbage is of great value in cooking. A variety of dishes are prepared from it.
Salads are made from red cabbage. This vegetable is especially well combined with canned corn. There are also side dishes, first and second courses. The product is fermented, baked, but fresh red cabbage is most useful. This product contains 100% composition of all useful components.
When marinated, this product is a great addition to any kind of meat.
Growing this culture is a snap. Planting is done both with seedlings and seeds.
Seed preparation and sowing
Seed can be purchased at any gardening store. Seeds are sorted out, the bad ones are rejected, then soaked in warm, and then in cold water. After hardening, the seeds are dried, dipped in Epin's solution for several hours, then dried again.
Planting seeds is carried out in loose and fertile soil from turf, garden soil, sand and rotted manure. Also, an earthen mixture for planting seeds can be purchased at a specialized store.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in late March to early April in seedling boxes.
Features seedlings care
Seedlings necessarily dive
Until the appearance of the sprouts, the planted seeds are shaded, periodically sprayed. Air temperature should not exceed 10 ° C, humidity - 80-90%.
As soon as sprouts break through the ground, boxes with seedlings are brought into the light, protecting from the scorching sun. They are periodically watered, the soil is loosened.
At the stage of the appearance of one pair of leaves, the sprouts dive into separate containers. Peat tablets are used for these purposes.
Transfer to the site
Transplantation of purple cabbage is carried out exactly 2 months after sowing the seeds. By this time, the seedlings produce 2-3 pairs of leaves, the heat is stabilized on the street.
Planting is carried out in loose slightly acidic soil, fertilized with fertilizing. Nutrition and digging a site for planting this crop are carried out in the fall. Sprinkle the soil with organic fertilizer, then dig it.
In each hole contribute 1 tbsp. l fertilizers, then top dressing is mixed with the ground, and seedlings with a peat tablet are placed in a dug hole, watered abundantly, sprinkled with soil and slightly crushed.
Red cabbage needs careful care in order to get a tasty and good harvest.
Plants are regularly watered, loosened, mulched with peat or straw, and they also feed 3 times per season.
The first meal is carried out 14 days after transplanting the sprouts into the open ground. For these purposes, chicken droppings are used: 1 liter of substance is dissolved in 20 liters of water.
The second feeding of red cabbage is carried out after another 2 weeks with the same solution as in the first case.
The last meal is carried out a month before the harvest. Plants are fed with drugs with a high nitrogen content.
The ripeness of the heads and the period when they need to be removed from the garden are determined by their density. If the purple beauty has not become hard, she is not yet ripe. Usually, early varieties are harvested in the first ten days of August for fresh consumption. Cut late varieties for winter consumption is necessary in September.
If the ripe red cabbage became soft, the technology of its cultivation is violated or the plants were affected by some kind of disease.
There are many varieties of red cabbage
Breeders annually develop new varieties of red vegetables. At the same time, the crop is of high quality and tasty.
Vanguard f1 is a mid-season variety of purple cabbage, the leaves of which are collected in a vertical rosette. The leaves are large, blue with a greenish tint. There is a slight waxy coating on the surface of the leaves.
In this red cabbage, the heads grow dense, large, weighing up to 2.3-2.5 kg. Taste is high.
Like the previous variety, this hybrid bears fruit in large stumps weighing up to 3.5 kg. Leaves of violet color with a wax coating, heads of cabbage are dense, juicy.
Autoro - Dutch red cabbage with a mid-ripening period of ripening of stumps. It is characterized by high yields. The growing season varies from 4 to 4.5 months. Heads of medium size (weight up to 1.5 kg), light purple. The variety has increased resistance to head cracking. The disadvantage is susceptibility to keel damage.
Boxer - an early red cabbage grown for fresh consumption. Heads of rounded shape, dense, purple. The average weight of the stumps is 1.5 kg. Purple leaves are covered with silver waxy coating.
Benefit - a new hybrid with an average maturity of the heads. The growing season lasts about 4 months. The heads are rounded, purple, with a greenish tint. The weight of the Benefis heads is about 1.5 kg.
Vorox is a universal variety grown both for fresh consumption and for processing. The maturity of heads of cabbage is 4 months. Heads are dense, purple, with raised foliage. Their weight reaches 3 kg.
Gako variety is well kept
Gako is a relatively new hybrid with a medium-late harvest. Stumps are cut after 4-5 months from the moment of sowing seeds for seedlings. Heads of cabbage have a flat-rounded shape, are resistant to cracking, and are well stored. Purple heads with a grayish waxy coating have a slight bitterness. With prolonged storage, the bitterness of vegetables disappears.
Nurima is an early hybrid with a growing season of about 80-85 days. The stumps are dense, rounded, purple. Unlike other varieties, this hybrid is highly resistant to sudden changes in temperature, so it is great for growing in the Urals and Siberia. In addition, the Nurima variety is resistant to various diseases of the Cruciferous family.
Stone Head 477
Stone head 477 is a mid-season variety characterized by high yields. It has large heads weighing up to 3 kg. With good care and growing conditions, up to 20 kg of heads of cabbage are collected from 1 ha. The variety is resistant to diseases and parasites characteristic of the Cruciferous family.
Calibos is a mid-season hybrid form with a growing period of 100-110 days. Cone-shaped heads weighing up to 2 kg of a red tint, with a section - bright purple. Calibos variety is valued for its unpretentiousness in care and high productivity.
A new hybrid with a mid-term ripening head of cabbage - Mars. Its growing season is 4.5-5 months. Heads of cabbage ripen small, weighing up to 1.5 kg. The heads are dense, purple in color, resistant to cracking and disease. Harvest varieties Mars appreciated for the excellent taste of the cobs.
Mid-season variety with delicious taste Pobeda has a ripening period of heads of cabbage from the moment of sowing the seeds until the harvest is 3.5-4 months. Rosette medium size, leaves slightly raised. In the Pobeda variety, heads of cabbage are red in color; their weight varies from 1.5 to 2 kg.
Faberge is a new domestic hybrid of the medium-late maturity of stitches. The growing season is 3-4 months. Heads are cone-shaped, purple with a wax coating. The Faberge hybrid is appreciated for its excellent taste.
Varna is a new hybrid designed for winter cultivation. Heads of violet, round, weighing 1.5 to 3 kg mature from 3 to 4 months. Harvest is used for fresh consumption and conservation. Varna varieties rarely infect pests and diseases throughout the growing season.
A high-yielding variety with good transportability Rubin ms is an achievement of Czech breeders. The variety is classified as mid-season. Heads of cabbage reach 2-2.5 kg. Purple stumps ripen together, resistant to cracking and disease damage.
The useful properties of red cabbage are enough to include this vegetable in the daily diet. It practically has no contraindications, has a beneficial effect on the body, skin, nails and contributes to the full growth and development of the child's body. From red cabbage, you can make both fresh salads and hot dishes.