Useful and harmful properties of raw potatoes
Potato was not always a constant dish on the tables of our compatriots. Initially, it was considered not edible and even poisonous. The benefits and harms of raw potatoes were not even considered at first because they were hardly used in food in many countries.
Useful and harmful properties of raw potatoes
The benefits of raw potatoes to humans are determined by their qualitative composition. Root crops are rich in vitamin C. It was this feature that was discovered during the scurvy epidemic during the period of great geographical discoveries, when people sailed on ships for years and were unable to eat foods enriched with vitamins. Potatoes are 80% water and 20% solids, which include:
- amino acids;
- glucose, sucrose and fructose;
- coarse fibers;
In addition to vitamin C, potatoes include B vitamins and phylloquinone. B vitamins are actively involved in metabolic processes and the formation of enzymes, increase brain activity.
- potassium - participates in the processes of biosynthesis, positively affects the work of the muscular system, and also regulates the water balance;
- phosphorus is an indispensable element in the development of tooth enamel and bones;
- magnesium - helps to remove cholesterol, is involved in the construction of nerve cells and blood formation;
- calcium - is actively involved in the development of bones, teeth, and also affects blood coagulation.
During heat treatment, potato loses most of its nutrients, so when raw, its benefits to the body are much greater. But, far from everyone can eat raw vegetables, because it is a very heavy food. Fresh is absorbed much faster.
Benefit for health
Eating raw potatoes is an excellent prophylaxis of osteoporosis. Fe, P, Ca, Mg, Zn participate in the construction of bone tissue and maintain its strength. Fe and Zn help synthesize proteins and form collagens.
The mineral elements found in raw potatoes help maintain blood pressure at an optimal level, as well as lower blood pressure. The high content of coarse fiber helps lower blood cholesterol, which is an excellent prevention of cardiovascular disease. Raw potatoes are indicated for use with vegetovascular dystonia.
Potatoes contain a substance such as choline. It is a universal nutritional component that helps improve sleep, and maintains a toned membrane structure of cells. Also plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses. Helps absorb and break down fats, relieves inflammation.
Often fresh potatoes are recommended to drink with constipation. The high fiber content helps to gently solve a delicate problem and establish stool. For the human body, antioxidants are a source of youth. The increased content of vitamin C with regular use of juice eliminates wrinkles and improves the texture of the dermis.
Potato juice is often used to treat appendages and ovaries, with inflammation and erosion of the cervix. Juice is used to wet the swabs. It is also recommended to drink 200 ml of freshly squeezed potato fresh before meals. This will help get rid of many women's problems and improve the condition of the skin.
Juice is also used to treat fibroids. Drinking 0.5 cups of fresh juice from pink potatoes, you can avoid surgery in the early stages of the disease.
As a result of constant physical activity, many men develop hemorrhoids. In such cases, fresh potato is the most inexpensive and safe method of treatment. Naturally, juice treatment will have an effect only in the first stages of the disease.
A small candle is prepared from potatoes and put on all night or injected juice with a syringe before bedtime. You can make compresses from potato pulp at any time of the day, while limiting movement.
Potatoes are useful not only for adults, but also for children. In boiled form, they begin to give it to babies in the form of complementary foods from 6 months. Root crops are a hypoallergenic vegetable that nourishes and nourishes the baby’s body with vitamins, micro and macro elements necessary for its development.
Also, lotions from potato juice are made for burns or cuts to disinfect the wound and accelerate healing. In adolescence, children are often diagnosed with gastritis. Heartburn and acidity can be overcome and get rid of these unpleasant symptoms for a long time, using potato fresh with carrot.
Raw potatoes are very useful for women during pregnancy. It contains folic acid, which is so important for the formation of systems and organs of the fetus. Often in pregnant women there is heartburn, which is also easy to eliminate with regular use of potato juice.
Potassium reduces puffiness and helps to effectively remove excess fluid from the body, preventing it from re-accumulating. With anemia, it is recommended to take 100 g of fresh 2-3 times a day for a month. In case of abnormalities in the cardiovascular system, it is recommended to take 100 ml of fasting fresh juice every morning for a month.
The energy value
One medium potato, weighing 80-150 g, contains:
- 160 calories
- 0.3 g of fat;
- 38 g of carbohydrates;
- 4.7 g of fiber
- 4.2 g of protein.
Raw potato contains alpha lipoic acid. It is involved in the regulation of blood glucose and is a powerful antioxidant. Quercetin and flavonoids contained in the peel have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. These components protect cells from damage by free radicals.
Raw Potato Harm
The benefits of raw potatoes to the human body are unconditional, but, like any remedy, it has its own contraindications and can harm your body. Fresh from potatoes will cause irreparable harm in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by a reduced release of hydrochloric acid. Despite all the benefits of raw potatoes, fresh can give the exact opposite effect if you use green or sprouted tubers.
Green potatoes are saturated with solanine, a toxic substance that can provoke serious disorders in the functioning of systems and organs. When using fresh such tubers can be observed:
Fresh from potatoes is strictly forbidden to use for violations of the digestive tract with low acidity, in the acute period of pancreatitis, with diabetes, with allergic reactions and individual intolerance. Also, the vegetable is contraindicated in people with obesity, due to high calorie content.
How to choose a potato
In order to get the most out of the potato, you need to learn how to choose the right potato. The tubers should be smooth, with a uniform structure, without visible damage. If you buy potatoes at a store or from farmers, it is better to give preference to unwashed tubers. Washing removes the protective coating from the peel and the tubers deteriorate faster.
You can check the nitrate content in potato tubers by cutting them. With a normal content of nitrogenous compounds, the flesh does not darken until half an hour, with elevated ones, a dark crust appears literally in 2 minutes. It is important to remember that after purchase, tubers should be stored at a temperature of 2-6 ℃ and a relative humidity of 70-80%. When the temperature drops, the starch in the potato begins to crystallize and turns into sugar.
The contact of sunlight with tubers triggers the production of solanine. Green tubers are best thrown away. Do not put potatoes in storage next to onions. The vegetable emits a gas that provokes the appearance of rot in potatoes.
Raw potatoes can bring many benefits, and in the same way cause irreparable harm to the human body if used improperly. Potatoes are rich in vitamins and minerals. A number of useful substances helps to get rid of many diseases at the initial stage. The vitamin and mineral complex contained in potatoes has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Most of the nutrients contained in the peel, so it is recommended to cook and use it only in its uniform.
At the same time, potato is a very high-calorie product, so it should not be consumed daily. When cooked, only young potatoes are useful. It is forbidden to eat fresh potato from sprouted or greened tubers.