Treatment and prevention of allergies to lemon
An allergy to lemon affects the functioning of the digestive and respiratory systems, and affects the skin. There are many causes of allergies, their nature depends on the state of human health.
Treatment and prevention of allergies to lemon
Eating citrus fruits causes a severe allergic reaction. Lemon was no exception, although, in comparison with others, such a reaction is rather rare. The composition of this fruit includes aggressive acids (limonene, galacturonic), flavonoids, volatile, pectin substances, etc. Most often, an allergy to lemon occurs in people with digestive problems, both in a child and in an adult in adulthood and even old age. The reasons for this hypersensitivity to lemons are:
- hereditary factor and the transmission of certain genes that cause the sensitivity of the baby to a particular allergen;
- at a later age with an imbalance in the enzymes and the glands of the digestive system;
- diseases of the respiratory system;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (peptic ulcer, gastritis, the presence of Helicobacter pylori).
An allergic reaction does not depend on the amount of product consumed, sometimes it even provokes the use of a small amount of fresh fruit. During heat treatment, the active components already lose their activity and the risk of a negative reaction is reduced.
Lemon allergy is usually manifested on the face, stomach, neck, buttocks and legs. Unlike children, this type of rash in an adult covers only the upper part of the body. With complications, cases of atopic dermatitis (itching, dry skin to scratches, stress, more often at night), and Quincke edema were recorded.
Digestive system pathologies
In acute and chronic diseases, dyskinesia, hepatitis, and dysbiosis, the body's immunity determines the protein contained as a foreign element and causes an allergic reaction. It manifests itself in different ways.
Symptoms of a lemon allergy with digestive problems:
- itchy skin;
- redness of certain areas of the skin;
- violation of the digestive system (gastritis, colitis, gastroenteritis)
- in rare cases, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, flatulence.
Symptoms of allergies include nasal congestion and sneezing.
It is rare, can signal allergic rhinitis, allergic cough and asthma:
- runny nose, sneezing, swelling and itching of the nasal mucosa;
- dry cough, shortness of breath before asthma attacks and without fever;
- chronic inflammation of the airways.
Confirmation of an allergic reaction
When observing allergy symptoms, exclude repeated exposure to the allergen. A hypoallergenic diet is prescribed after tests to confirm the diagnosis.
The first test option is the sublingual test: diluted lemon juice in a proportion of 1:10 is applied sublingually. A positive reaction will be the appearance in the sublingual region of edema or itching. The second option is a leukocytopenic test: the number of leukocytes is measured before and after the introduction of the allergen. If the level of leukocytes decreases, the reaction is positive.
Allergy symptoms are alleviated with antihistamines (diazolin, tavegil, suprostin, zodak). Enterosorbents (enterosgel, polypiphan, activated carbon) accumulate and remove the allergen from the body. If there is irritation on the skin, external agents are used in the form of a cream, gel, ointment (hydrocortisone, sinaflan). If complications already exist, hormone replacement therapy drugs (prednisone) may be prescribed.
Folk remedies are primarily aimed at regulating the functions of the body, the immune system, increasing the general tone of the body:
- Decoctions and tinctures of herbs (string, chamomile, oak root) will help alleviate skin irritations.
- On an empty stomach, take a decoction of the grass of the common blackhead 3 r. per day.
- Mix a few tablespoons of centaury, St. John's wort, pharmacy chamomile, corn stigmas and dandelion root, dilute in 250 ml of water, bring to a boil and let it brew. Take half a glass of 3 r. per day before meals. If you take tincture for several months, then you can permanently get rid of an allergy to lemon.
A preventive measure is the complete exclusion of the irritating factor from the diet. This also applies to other citrus fruits. Juices, vegetables, fruits, medicines containing ascorbic acid should be used with great care.
Lemon is not only a healthy fruit, but also an allergen. As a source of vitamins, it is indispensable for medical and health purposes. With angina, scurvy, atherosclerosis, hypertension, lemons are used for treatment and prevention. However, an allergic reaction can cause severe damage to health. Ignoring allergy symptoms poses serious problems. If you feel worse, you should consult a doctor.