Tomato productivity indicators from one bush

Tomatoes are considered one of the most popular vegetable crops. In order to get a high-quality and large crop of tomatoes, you need to choose the right variety for certain growing conditions and carefully care for seedlings. What is the yield of tomato from one bush, depending on the species characteristics of the vegetable? Is it possible to increase the indicator in this area without harming the fruits?

Tomato productivity indicators from one bush

What affects yield

Care and hard work do not always help the farmer to get the desired profit from the vegetable garden. It happens that the same variety of tomatoes in different hosts bears different fruits. It depends on the following factors:

  • genetic and geographical features of the variety;
  • soil fertility;
  • seedling quality;
  • climate of the area;
  • timely watering;
  • fertilizers and top dressing;
  • tying up;
  • pest control.

Before stopping on one or another variety of tomatoes, you should consult gardeners who grow plants in the same area. It is advisable to focus on the numbers indicated on the packages with seeds.

Yields

There are standard indicators of tomato yield from the garden. Approximate indicators from one bush per season, subject to established recommendations:

  • early ripening undersized determinant - 1-5 kg;
  • tall indeterminate - 5-10 kg or more (in a greenhouse);
  • oversized pink tomatoes - 8-16 kg.

Tatyana Orlova (candidate of agricultural sciences):

As a rule, the average yield of a given plant is indicated on a bag with seeds. It may be higher or lower than the stated numbers, but still gives an idea of ​​true productivity. The average weight of 1 fetus is also indicated.

High yielding varieties

The selection of high-yielding varieties is great

  • medium-sized variety Intuition F1, unpretentious and resistant to fungus, brings 10-12 kg from the bush;
  • multi-colored varieties (Goldfish, Black Prince, Marshmallows) - up to 8 kg;
  • Emerald apple - up to 10 kg;
  • De Barao yellow - up to 15 kg;
  • large-fruited red and pink varieties also delight hosts with high rates both from indoor and outdoor: Krasnobay - one of the most fruitful tomatoes, gives up to 30 kg from a bush in a good season, Giants Novikov and De-Barao - up to 15 kg, The pink giant - up to 12 kg, the early Puzata Hut and Rosan are less prolific - up to 10 kg;
  • early grade Vitador F1 - 25 kg per 1 square. m and Kostroma F1 - 18 kg per 1 square. m

How to increase productivity

For industrial fruit growing use year-round glazed greenhouses. Proponents of this particular method can get the maximum amount of yield.

Fruits in open ground are at risk due to unstable weather conditions and pests, so they may not have time to ripen before the onset of frost. In the greenhouse, the growing period is from 5 to 7 months, which guarantees almost one hundred percent successful formation of ovaries and harvest.

Tatyana Orlova (candidate of agricultural sciences):

In open ground, light shelters in the form of arcs with non-woven material stretched over them will help extend the period of fruit harvesting when cool weather sets in.

Secrets to increasing the number of crops:

  • You can’t use the same place twice for planting seedlings, do not change the greenhouse soil, do not plant bushes close to each other and provide them with sufficient lighting.
  • Timely weeding and loosening of the soil, hilling and mulching are required.
  • The first watering should be carried out infrequently, but use a lot of warm water, gradually increasing the dose.
  • Feed potassium and phosphorus, do not neglect immunomodulators.
  • Increased attention requires a period of flowering fruits. We must not forget to remove ripened tomatoes in a timely manner so as not to interfere with new ripening.

Tatyana Orlova (candidate of agricultural sciences):

Tomato requires high intensity of sunlight. In those areas of the country where there are not enough sunny days and heat, it is better to divert southern open slopes for tomatoes. The best soil for tomato - light, rich in humus with a neutral reaction ph. The plant carries out a large number of nutrients from the soil. It most tolerates potassium, then nitrogen. Tomato phosphorus tolerates 5 times less than potassium, but it is difficult to find a more demanding plant to digest phosphorus, which mainly accumulates in the fruits.

Conclusion

This is a general list of recommendations on how to increase tomato productivity. You should also consider the individual characteristics of each of the varieties. Only with proper care can a high yield be achieved.

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