Tips for making a goat milking machine
To get milk and dairy products, farmers often goat on the farm. Burenka is not always convenient for maintenance: it requires more food, it needs a larger barn and it is expensive. But milking problems remain, no matter what animal the owner contains. For those who find it difficult to deal with this procedure, there is a milking machine for goats. It is quite possible both to buy and to make it yourself. Consider how to make a milking machine for goats with your own hands.
Goat milking machine
Rules for using the milking machine
Although milking machines for goats and facilitate the process of obtaining milk, their use requires certain knowledge from the owner. All hygiene rules must be followed during milking. Do not start this procedure without washing your hands and without cleaning the device itself. It is recommended to carefully clean the udder from excess hair. The first streams of milk are usually poured into a separate bowl, as they contain dirt and bacteria. After each use, the milking machine is thoroughly cleaned of dirt and milk stains.
Regardless of whether a home-made unit is used or milking machines for goats from the manufacturer are used, the animal must be accustomed to them. A manual milking machine can frighten a pet, so at first it should be calmed and be nearby. This recommendation applies to both a home-made device and one that you had to buy ready-made.
Milking Machine Parts
Consider what the milking machine consists of:
- The main element of any such design is a vacuum pump, which is the main labor force. It is worth taking a pump, the power of which is approximately equal to that available for industrial devices.
- Pulsator In theory, some craftsmen are able to assemble it with their own hands, but this requires engineering skills and a large set of tools. Typically, such pulsators are bought in the market.
- Milk collector. This device distributes the impulse emanating from the pulsator to all glasses mounted on the udder. It has a complex design that is not easy to reproduce at home.
- Hoses for pumping milk. Transparent silicone hoses are usually chosen, as they are best suited for this purpose. With them it is convenient to monitor how the fluid goes, and they are also easy to wash.
- Glasses for an udder. These cups are usually equipped with silicone tabs so as not to injure the animal. Again, you can buy them, but you can assemble them yourself.
- Capacity for milk condensation. Usually, a can, bucket or canister is used for this purpose. It is not recommended to use plastic. Here, a metal container, for example, stainless steel, is much better.
Before buying, they decide which parts of the mini version of the goat milking machine will be able to assemble with their own hands, and what they will have to buy. After that, they evaluate all the costs and decide which is more convenient: buy the unit or assemble it manually.
A person without engineering knowledge and skills should not try to make such a device.
Choosing a pump for the milking machine
To make a goat milking machine with your own hands, you need to choose the right parts for it. The first to choose the right pump. Instead, you can use a manual drive.
Making a hand-operated pump is not very attractive for a number of reasons. The first is the low power of such an aggregate, which is why only 1-2 animals can be milked at a time, and this is inconvenient for owners of large farms. The second is the unevenness of the pulses during milking. A manual pump requires uniform, methodical pumping, as the animal always gets used to one rhythm. And if you milk it with a different amplitude, the volumes of milk produced will greatly decrease. Finally, even when servicing one mini-unit, certain efforts are required: a manual drive requires constant, methodical work in the process of milking a goat.
If the farm has a burenka, it is better to either give it out manually or use an automatic unit. Here you need to choose which pump will be convenient for a home-made device. Vacuum pumps are either electric or oil type. Oily are often used in industrial conditions, but they also have their drawbacks.
When assembling the milking machine, you have to choose between an electric and an oil pump unit. And here it is better to prefer the electric version: with any leakage, the oil enters the system, then all the milk yield has to be thrown away.
If you wish, you can make a home-made design, which will provide sufficient power during operation of the milking parlor. A small compressor, for example, from an old vacuum cleaner or other similar device, is best suited. Engine power of 0.4-0.5 kW is enough for efficient operation. Some Soviet vacuum cleaners have a power of 0.6-0.7 kW, which may be enough even when assembling a milking machine for two goats.
When manufacturing, it is important to follow all recommendations
There are a number of manufacturing recommendations. Firstly, it is worth using a capacitor to suppress interference in the network to ensure uniform pumping. This item is always present in the vacuum cleaner. Secondly, excess power can be extinguished using a conventional lamp connected to the device. An incandescent lamp with a power of 50, 100 or 200 watts is suitable, depending on the strength of the vacuum cleaner. Finally, it is advisable to check the stability of the electric pump: if there are any short circuits in the network, or if the winding is burned out.
Pulse and collector selection
If the pump can still be made from an old compressor, a pulsator and a manifold are usually bought. These two parts are usually sold separately; neither an industrial nor a home-made device can do without them. The pulsator gives out uniform impulses similar to a kid’s sucking, and the collector distributes pressure and vacuum to all the milking cups. Without such a uniform distribution, normal and effective milking is impossible.
There is also such a device as a pulse collector: pulsator and collector assembled in one piece. In most cases, the price of such a paired device is slightly lower than the cost of its two components separately. A cheap device will have to be cleaned and sorted out manually, and an expensive one may not be affordable. The price even for an inexpensive pulsator is 1300-2000 rubles and higher. The collector costs 300-600 rubles.
Brands of devices
There are several models that can either be purchased ready-made, or use their parts for assembly. For example, the Squirrel apparatus (Squirrel 1 mini, Squirrel 2), with which you can provide care for the herd up to two dozen goals. Squirrel 1 mini will cost the farmer relatively inexpensively, for only 13-14 thousand rubles. For the owner of a personal plot, something like Maig’s apparatus is best suited. This is a simple and convenient design, the price of which is 4-5 thousand rubles, depending on the region.
It is on the parts of these devices that it is best to pay attention to the assembly. If you need to simultaneously issue 4-5 goats, you can pay attention to the Doyushka apparatus. However, it will cost 18-20 thousand rubles, so it should be taken only to owners of large farms.
An inexpensive and convenient manual milking machine for goats can actually be assembled independently, but the assembly must be approached responsibly and wisely.