Thuja western Filiformis - an ornamental plant for the garden
Thuja Filiformis (Filiformis) is an original plant with filamentous needles. The native land of this species is North America. He was brought to Europe at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Tuyka adapts well in urban environments and is often used in landscape design.
Thuja western filiformis
Western thuja Filiformis reaches a height of 1.5-2.5 m, in width - up to one and a half meters. The shape of the crown is conical. Due to the hanging shoots and filamentous needles, the bush sometimes resembles a willow, and sometimes it looks like a fluffy haystack. Young needles are scaly, richly green; become brownish by winter.
This species is considered slow growing. Every year the tree grows no more than 2-7 cm.
The culture has high frost resistance, loves light, but can grow in partial shade.
With strong shading, the color of the needles becomes less bright. Tuyka has a long lifespan - up to 150-200 years.
The plant can be planted in early spring or autumn. For planting, choose a well-lit or semi-shaded area with light neutral soil.
A hole is dug up depending on the size of the root system and earthen coma. A drainage layer of 15-20 cm (sand, gravel or expanded clay) is placed inside.
Garden soil is mixed with peat in a ratio of 2: 1, special fertilizers for conifers or nitroammophoska are added (during fall planting, top dressing is not done).
In the center of the planting hole, a small mound is poured onto which the plant is mounted. The roots are gently straightened down. If the cedar is disembarked from the container, it is placed in a hole along with an earthen lump.
The seedling is covered with earth, leaving the root neck at the level of the soil, watered abundantly (from 5 to 12 liters of water) and rammed tightly. After planting, the trunk circle is mulched with peat, sawdust or needles.
Thuja western needs regular watering and sprinkling. Water it weekly, using 5-6 liters of water for a young seedling, 10-12 for an adult. Needle irrigation is carried out in the evening.
Top dressing is applied twice - during planting and at the end of summer. In winter, the tree is mulched with a thick layer of peat (6-7 cm), and in the spring they dig a shallow soil.
Young seedlings are covered from the wind, and in the hot season they are shaded to avoid burns. Haircut is carried out in the last days of May or in early June - during the period of slowing down the movement of juices.
Landing work in early spring
At the same time, sanitary pruning is done annually (remove damaged shoots, dry and diseased twigs), and the shaping one is optional, if necessary, give the crown a more regular shape.
Diseases and Pests
The most common threat to western arborvitae is the insect shield and arborvitae aphid. Insect larvae can be cleaned by hand, and the leaves can be washed with a solution of laundry soap or medical alcohol (10 ml per 1 liter of water).
If folk remedies do not help, you need to use special insecticides like Karbofos.
In addition, fungal diseases can affect tuyu. With increased humidity, phytophthora may develop - for prophylaxis, plants are treated with Bordeaux liquid and copper-containing preparations. Shute cases are not uncommon - in case of damage, trees are recommended to be sprayed with HOM and shed with Fundazole.
In landscape design
Thanks to the dangling shoots and the original needles, Filiformis looks spectacular in landscape design. It looks most advantageous in well-lit areas or against light walls. Most often, thujka is found in kindergartens of the Japanese style.
In addition, it is used in the creation of alpine slides, rocky and heather gardens. The plant feels great in containers, which allows it to be used for decorating facades, landscaping balconies and roofs.
Thuja successfully combines with other coniferous species, as well as with deciduous and grassy. It can be grown individually or in group compositions.
According to the descriptions of gardeners, the thuja successfully withstands frosts, however, young specimens should be covered with a spruce for the winter and protected from the winds.
Caring for a tree is not particularly difficult, the most important thing is proper watering and regular sprinkling in dry weather. Many are grown without formation, carrying out only sanitary pruning in the spring. Even without this procedure, the lush branches of Filiformis look spectacular and original.
In snowy winters, the crown is sometimes damaged by wet snow. To avoid deformation, the branches are advised to tightly tighten with ribbons.
According to reviews, thujka adapts well in urban environments, tolerates dust and smoke. For public gardening, it is recommended to plant it in alleys and parks, but not near the roadway.