Symptoms and treatment of ulcers in pigs
Ulcers in pigs are small, but very dangerous cracks, damage to the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. Over time, the crack is corroded by gastric juice and increases in size, turning into a wound. Such wounds do not heal, and it is impossible to completely cure them without surgery. The only thing that can be done is to stop the development of the disease.
This disease can occur at absolutely any age. It even happens that pigs are born with a similar defect. Most often it occurs in babies who are growing or fattening.
Causes of ulcers in pigs
The ulcer in pigs most often occurs due to malnutrition, therefore, dry food is not recommended for animals of different ages. They contain a large amount of protein and a little fiber, and this irritates the mucous membrane and thereby provokes the onset of the disease. If you overlook, you can lose the entire brood of piglets.
The main causes of the appearance of the disease:
- weaning piglets from their mother at an early age;
- extruded feed feeding;
- reduced immunity;
- metabolic disorders in the body;
- infectious ailments.
Also, the cause may be feed, which includes copper sulfate or carbonate.
Food waste and acidic feed provoke the ailment, so you should carefully monitor the ration of both piglets and adults.
An ulcer in pigs can interfere with the functioning of other organs. Most often, such a disease is observed in meat breeds.
Symptoms of an ulcer in pigs
There are a number of symptoms by which you can determine if the pig has an ulcer. The first thing you should pay attention to is the general condition of the animal.
With this ailment, the pet has a depressed appearance. The mucous membrane and skin become pale. There are breeds in which the body becomes so white that it is simply impossible not to notice it.
When examined by a veterinarian, the animal has a normal body temperature. Pig's appetite for ulcers is absent. The disease can be accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting. Most often, this symptom manifests itself in the morning.
If the animal has an ulcer, it tries to stay away from the rest of the pigs, most often lies. In this case, the legs are pulled under the belly. During pressing on the stomach, severe pain occurs. When the animal is empty, you can see that the stool has an admixture of blood and plentiful disseminations of mucus.
If the disease has already passed into the chronic stage, then the mumps begins to develop anemia, and it is simply impossible not to notice it. In this case, feces also have an admixture of blood. Even with ulcers in pigs, reduced hemoglobin is observed. Protein in the blood drops to a minimum.
Diagnosing an ulcer in pigs
Only a veterinarian can make a diagnosis, because in order to do this, he needs to conduct a series of examinations. First, a specialist examines a pig, and then takes blood, urine and feces for research. Only after receiving the results can he make an accurate diagnosis. If you think that your pet has an ulcer, you should immediately call a veterinarian: there are a number of diseases that are very similar in symptoms to the disease.
Pig ulcer treatment
In order to cure a pig from an ulcer, you need to know the cause of its occurrence. If several animals get sick, they should be separated from healthy ones, and then call a veterinarian who will make an accurate diagnosis. The specialist will prescribe a diet using alfalfa flour. But before that, thoroughly rinse the stomach of the animal.
Piglets who have not yet turned a month old, the veterinarian prescribes a mixture of vitamins U. Glucose and milk powder are also given, all this is mixed with distilled water and given 2 times a day. Such procedures should be carried out until the symptoms of the disease disappear.
If the piglets were early taken from their mother and they caught a disease such as an ulcer, they are also prescribed U-group vitamins. They must be given for 5 days once a day.
Also, to treat this unpleasant ailment, you can use a special medicinal mixture. It includes sodium bicarbonate, phosphate and sodium sulfate, distilled water. It is advisable to do this drug in the morning.
Prevention against sores in pigs
In order to avoid such an unpleasant disease as an ulcer in pigs, prophylaxis is necessary. So that piglets do not have such problems, they should carefully monitor their diet and give food clearly according to the scheme. When fattening, it is necessary to introduce into the diet oats along with husks, grass meal and coarse straw. You should also use special vitamin supplements designed for piglets. Corn in the feed should be less than 40%.
Also, in pigs of different ages, the frequency of feeding is different, so you should not overfeed or underfeed animals. It is important to ensure that the pet does not eat mineral fertilizers in any case. If copper sulfate or carbonate is used as top dressing, then it must be given clearly according to the scheme.
In the event that you decide to transfer your pets to another food, it is necessary to give dunedin for the prevention of peptic ulcer. The course is 10 days, and the frequency is 2 times a day with a frequency of 12 hours. The dosage is determined by the doctor.
If the piglets are rearing, then they need to give along with the feed a tool such as chlorpromazine. Drinking pets is necessary for a month.
An ulcer in pigs is a rather dangerous disease, which is accompanied by the appearance of ulcers on the stomach. If the disease does not begin to heal in time, this can lead to serious complications, therefore, at the first symptoms, you should call a veterinarian: he will examine the general condition of the pig and make an accurate diagnosis.
It is also recommended to prevent such an unpleasant disease. After all, there were cases when an ailment led to the death of animals. Proper nutrition and timely treatment of ulcers is the key to the health of the pig.