Sinadenium - the intricacies of caring for an exotic tree
Sinadenium Grant and Rubra are two popular varieties of milkweed grown at home. Homeland are the tropics and subtropics of Africa. In common people, a plant is called a tree of love. Received a culture of approval from flower growers for both attractive appearance and unpretentiousness in the care and cultivation.
Sinadenium - the intricacies of caring for an exotic tree
Sinadenium is a fairly massive tree, capable of reaching a height of up to 3 m in nature. It is distinguished by rapid growth and development - annual growth is 20-25 cm.
Refers to the number of succulents. The root system is branched, extending deep into the soil.
Rare upright processes are formed on the branches, which are characterized by a thickened structure, which allows the plant to adapt to adverse conditions during a drought. The surface is covered with smooth skin of saturated green color.
The leaves are dense, leathery, attached to short petioles. The shape is oval or obovate. They are located opposite or alternately.
Description of Varieties
One of the most popular species adapted for growing at home. It is represented by a branching shrub with a considerable number of side shoots.
The color is deep green, in rare cases, variegated. With the competent formation of the crown, it is possible to achieve the shape of a standard tree.
A distinctive feature is the burgundy leaves of irregular shapes. At a young age they are pink. Flowering occurs in the winter. Peduncles - long, with red buds like bells.
After flowering, forms a tricuspid box with small black seeds. Blooms exclusively in the wild.
When the culture becomes crowded in a pot, this is understandable by external characteristics - the leaves wither and fall off.
As a new container choose a stable cache-pot with drainage holes from below.
- At the bottom of the container lay a thick drainage layer.
- Pour out half of the substrate.
- The plant is removed from the old pot, carefully removed partially earthen lump. After it is placed in a prepared container and added with soil so that about 1 cm remains from the edge. If necessary, restrain the growth of cut part of the roots.
All manipulations are carried out in protective gloves - the succulent secretes poisonous milky juice, which causes severe irritation of the skin and mucous membranes.
The necessary conditions
Succulents need a lot of light. At the same time, do not place it in a place exposed to direct sunlight, which causes burns. In this case, the plant should be shaded.
In the cold season, the culture is additionally illuminated with phytolamps.
Lack of lighting is the reason for a decrease in decorativeness - the leaves become lighter, the internodes are extended.
The flower is quite capable of adapting to dry air even under the condition of the operation of heating devices, therefore it does not need to be artificially maintained.
Milkweed needs a lot of light
For sanitary purposes, you can wipe the surface with a damp rag to eliminate dust accumulated on the leaves. In particularly hot months, the plant is sprinkled from time to time in the immediate vicinity so that moisture does not get on the shoots.
The optimum temperature in the vegetation phase is 22-25 ° C. In winter, indicators are reduced to 15 ° C.
Palm euphorbia can be located almost anywhere, depending on which the content standards will vary.
If the pot is located on the southern windowsill, it should be shaded during sun activity. However, it will be most comfortable to feel on the east or west side with soft light.
Succulent is not capricious to the composition of the soil. It develops well in a fairly loose, breathable substrate, which is characterized by a medium neutral in acidity.
For the preparation of soil mixtures independently mixed in equal parts:
- coarse sand;
- sheet earth;
Additionally add wood ash, which acts as a protective barrier against root rot and pathogenic bacteria. Without fail, the bottom of the container is laid with drainage from expanded clay or clay shards.
Also, the soil can be supplemented with brick chips, which will ensure maximum moisture passage and prevent its stagnation.
Despite the fact that the culture is considered quite unpretentious in the care, to maintain the decorative qualities of the flower, he needs to create the most favorable conditions.
This will not cause special difficulties if you do not take into account the active growth of the tree, due to which it becomes problematic to keep the exotic handsome in the necessary framework without a regular haircut.
The procedure is carried out only as the top layer of the earthen coma dries. The rest of the time moisten the earth with a spray 2 times a month.
If after prolonged water starvation the leaves began to fade, and the shoots drooped, it would not be possible to correct the situation by resuming watering. To do this, it is recommended to stop all injured segments, thus redirecting forces to the formation of new ones.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Top dressing is done twice in each autumn and spring period, which accounts for the active growth of milkweed. As fertilizers, special compositions for cacti or complex preparations for decorative indoor flowers are used.
Fertilizers improve plant development
In this case, it is recommended to reduce the concentration of the product indicated on the label or add it in a small amount to water for irrigation.
Young specimens need frequent transplantation once a year. When the plant reaches 4-5 years, the procedure is performed every 3 years. Activities are carried out before the start of active growth, in the first spring months.
When the synadenium becomes massive, only the top of the substrate is replaced.
Easily amenable to formation, which is allowed to be carried out regardless of the time of year. By pruning, you can achieve the shape of both a lush and a single-stemmed tree 2 m high. If necessary, suspend the growth of succulents make pinching of the shoots.
If the plant is grown as a shrub, a haircut is necessary, because it stimulates branching. For sanitary purposes, remove all dry and damaged processes.
- Processes 10-15 cm long are cut from the top of the shoots so that several leaf plates are present on them. The wounds are sprinkled with activated charcoal crumbs, then left to dry.
- After the film has formed on the slice, the cuttings are placed in sand and peat soil, previously disinfected by calcination in the oven, deepening by 2-3 cm.
- The container is determined in a well-lit place with a maintained temperature of 20 degrees. When the shoots take root, as evidenced by the emerging young shoots, transplanted. In this case, the substrate is replaced with a standard for adult representatives of the culture.
A more time-consuming process, mainly carried out by experienced growers. Manipulations are made in the spring. A container with a sand-peat mixture is prepared, on the surface of which the seed is distributed. Sprinkle on top with a 1 cm sand layer and cover with glass, having previously moistened with a spray bottle.
After 2 weeks, when the first shoots appear, the lid is removed. When the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, they make an initial pick. The subsequent procedure is carried out when the young growth to 30 cm.
Diseases and Pests
Sinadenium rarely gets sick
Sinadenium is a poisonous flower, in connection with which it is extremely rarely exposed to pests.
Most of the problems that flower growers face are the result of improper care and deviations from growing standards.
|Symptoms on the leaves||Reason for occurrence||Solution|
|Fall off||Fluctuations in temperature, rotting of the root system, irregular irrigation, irrigation with cold water||Normalize the room temperature, systematize watering.|
Damaged segments are stopped, treated with fungicide, and the plant is transplanted.
|Loss of turgor||Moisture deficit||Normalize irrigation system|
|Shoots are pulled||Insufficient lighting||Crop, rearrange in a more lighted place|
|Dry tips||Hard watering||Use settled water|
|Gray, listless leaves, white spider web||Spider mite||It is treated with soapy water or acaricides (Actellik, Karbofos).|
|Brown-red tubercles, sticky coating||Shield||Mechanically removed with a cotton swab dipped in an alcohol solution, isolated in quarantine, sprayed with Actara.|
|White cotton lumps||Mealybug||As a prophylaxis, the leaves should be systematically sprayed and wiped.|
With a slight lesion, they are treated with a solution of laundry soap, in critical situations - Actellic.
Signs and superstitions
Due to the milky juice contained in the shoots, the flower is dangerous to humans and can cause considerable harm to health, resulting in a severe allergic reaction or food poisoning.
However, succulents also bring benefits - its roots are often used to prepare various tinctures. Helps to cope with migraines, liver and stomach diseases, and also relieves the symptoms of bladder inflammation.
There are no popular signs and superstitions associated with the synadenium, therefore, no doubt you can grow indoor euphorbia at home. However, exot is not recommended in the bedroom, due to toxic juice.