Seed potatoes and its varieties
seed potatoes can be safely attributed to vegetables that are worst-suited to aggressive environmental conditions. Of great importance when growing potatoes is the human factor, that is, care, as well as climatic conditions. It is worth saying that depending on the region of residence, climatic conditions can vary, so it makes sense to figure out what seed material is suitable for a particular climate, what are the conditions for caring for them, how quickly they mature and so on. We will discuss these and other issues today.
Seed potatoes and its varieties
How to choose seed potatoes
You can buy or order seed potatoes almost everywhere, starting from the spontaneous market, ending with direct sales in the garden center. It is worth saying that it is customary to sell vegetables in nets made of wicker material, which plays into the hands of the buyer. The fact is that at the same time you can clearly consider all the shortcomings and disadvantages, such as rotten vegetables, slices or chips on the crop. If any, it is best to choose a different bag.
It is worth saying that buying on a spontaneous market can be extremely unprofitable for you. You will not be able to know for sure which potatoes are in the grid. It may well be that before you is not a seed potato, which refers to the first or even second reproduction, but one that has already degenerated or been affected by parasites or diseases. From this point of view, it is worth buying potatoes at specialized points of sale of an agricultural company, where on each grid there will be a certificate indicating the name of the variety, as well as information about the order of reproduction. In addition, often the company attaches to the grid information about the care, reproduction and cultivation, and also grows potatoes to order.
Classification of seed potatoes
There is a generally accepted classification of seed potatoes, in which a vegetable is usually divided into four categories:
- Table potatoes. This includes the most common varieties that can be described as the most delicious. It is table potatoes intended for consumption in food, it is used in the preparation of gourmets.
- Technical views. This subspecies of the vegetable is characterized by a low protein content, for this reason it is customary to use it not for food, but for the isolation of starch and the production of alcohol.
- Fodder potatoes. Based on the name, the vegetable is used to feed domestic animals, that is, livestock. The composition of the culture is high in starch and protein.
- Universal views. The latter subspecies can be used for any purpose, since its performance is average.
It is worth telling about one more important classification of seed potatoes, depending on how quickly the vegetable ripens, this sign is usually called precocity.
- Late species. The first fruits appear after 10 days more
- Mid-late potatoes. The first fruits appear after 96 - 10 days
- Mid-season species. The first fruits appear after 86 - 95 days
- Mid early. The first fruits appear after 66 - 85 days
- Early potato. The first fruits appear after 50 - 65 days
Here are the best varieties of potatoes, given the factor of early maturity.
Early types of potatoes
Potato is in demand
It is customary to include many subspecies of potatoes, which require a minimum of time to mature, we will give the most common ones.
Impala is an ultra-early variety, it emerges 45-50 days after transplanting. This subspecies of the vegetable is usually referred to as dining rooms, that is, its purpose is to be used for cooking.
As for the harvest, with properly organized care, you can easily collect about 600 centners from just one hectare of land.
Fertilizer consumption during cultivation is minimal. It should be noted that the weight of one tuber can reach 150-200 grams. The culture is perfectly stored, which favorably affects the transportation process.
Arrow is also classified as table variety. From the characteristics it is worth mentioning that during the heat treatment, the tubers do not darken, which is extremely appreciated by the consumer. Another important feature is a high level of yield. The undeniable advantage of Arrow is that the culture is well resistant to the most common parasites and diseases, including nematode and late blight.
This type can also be attributed to those that give high yield indicators, with proper care, you can collect about 450 centners from 1 ha. Vegetable does not fall apart during cooking, perfectly stored.
In addition, early grades include such as Dunyasha, Otrada, Lomonosovsky and Nikulinsky, which were bred in Russia, they are referred to as super elite.
Mid early species
Let's talk about the most common mid-early species.
Despite the fact that the elite variety is classified as mid-early, Nakra has a high yield, while the weight of one tuber reaches about 190 grams. Among the minuses can be called a high predisposition to late blight.
This type of potato is often grown in Russia. A distinctive description can be called the elongated form of tubers, as well as excellent taste. From 1 hectare you can collect about 170 - 350 centners.
This subspecies of potato was discovered in central Russia. Like all previous subspecies, the vegetable has excellent taste characteristics, besides it perfectly transfers transportation and storage.
Varieties of medium ripeness
Not large potatoes
In this group it is customary to include such species.
Solana is considered very productive, it is possible to collect more than 600 centners from one hectare. It is worth noting not only excellent taste, but also the impressive size of the tubers. Also, this species is considered quite resistant to the most common diseases.
Felox is usually referred to as table subspecies. The advantage is that Felox can be grown in almost any soil, while the yield will be stably high.
We will find out the most common types of mid-late maturity recommended for planting in 2018.
The advantage of the Becker species is its high yield, excellent taste and large fruits. Becker is well established on any type of soil, in addition, it has a pleasant taste and good storage ability.
Sufficiently high-yielding potatoes, which are considered to be sufficiently protected from seed potato diseases. With proper care, it is possible to collect about 15 tubers from only one bush.
Late group of varieties
We learn what species belong to the late group.
Bushes of this species have unprecedented productivity, about 670 centners per hectare. Vesnyanka cannot boast of outstanding taste characteristics, the same applies to protection against diseases.
Condor can be called a champion among the later species. If sufficient care is organized, then about 700 centners of potatoes can be harvested from one hectare. It is worth saying that Condor does not like excessive watering.
The advantage of the Clone species is that the potato is able to adapt to any type of soil, it perfectly resists negative influences from the outside. In this case, the taste of tubers is characterized in the description as excellent.
Recommended varieties for Moscow region
It was previously said that the cultivation of seed potatoes is largely dependent on the climate, that is, the terrain. The territory of Russia includes many climatic zones, each of which corresponds to one or another sort of potato. Speaking about the territory of the Moscow Region, it is worth saying that this is not the most favorable zone for growing crops. However, there are species whose seeds take root well enough in such conditions, and we will discuss them further. In this case, it is worth choosing only early or mid-early varieties, since later ones simply do not have time to ripen in the conditions of the Moscow Region. In accordance with the description, these varieties include:
- Mozart (famous German look)
- The wizard
- Blue eye
- Lord of the open spaces
Varieties for the middle strip of the Russian Federation
Speaking about the climate of the middle zone, it is worth characterizing it as moderate, respectively, and seed potatoes must meet these conditions. Pay attention to early ripening varieties, otherwise a good harvest can not be seen.
These include the following varieties of varieties:
- Fucked up
Varieties for growing in Siberia
It is worth saying that the harsh climate of Siberia is considered one of the most difficult. The fact is that the territory is characterized by quite late spring warming and early cooling in the fall, in addition, July temperatures are abnormally high, and August is often full of precipitation. Specially for Siberia, varieties of seed potatoes were bred, the seeds of which are able to germinate in such soil, and then grow crops in such difficult conditions.
- Red scarlett