Rules for transplanting Phalaenopsis orchids
Transplanting a Phalaenopsis orchid at home is a matter that requires certain knowledge. To understand all the intricacies of the question, you should thoroughly study the algorithm of actions and perform them, follow the instructions. Then the orchid will thank for proper care with abundant flowering and beautiful appearance.
The substrate in which the orchid grows, over time, loses the qualities necessary for its full growth. Hard mineral salts accumulate in it, air permeability worsens and the level of acidity changes. The gradual destruction of the substrate structure causes an excess of moisture, which subsequently provokes a decrease in the immunity of the plant or decay of its roots. To avoid such situations, the soil in which phalaenopsis grows is changed to fresh once every 3 years.
To transplant phalaenopsis, you will need:
- secateurs or sharp scissors;
- Activated carbon;
- "Epin" and the drug from pests "Fitoverm" (if necessary);
- peduncle holder.
To ensure proper nutrition and comfortable development, the choice of a new pot and soil should be approached with all responsibility.
After phalaenopsis has faded, the question arises of the feasibility of its transplant. If he is healthy, he has strong, green roots with a silver sheen, he sits firmly in the tank, and the soil is without external changes and limescale, then it is better to wait another year or two with the transplant. When deciding to transplant a Phalaenopsis orchid, the most ideal time for this is early spring or autumn.
Phalaenopsis is transplanted in the following cases:
- sudden wrinkling and yellowing of leaves, rotting of the roots or coating them with a calcareous coating;
- the quality of the substrate deteriorated due to the prolonged use of unfiltered water or a large amount of fertilizer;
- Phalaenopsis disease or pest damage;
- the root system filled the entire capacity, displacing the soil;
- the plant has fallen to one side and outweighs the pot, making it unstable;
- the walls of the pot on the inside were covered with a green coating;
- suspicious lumps of compressed sphagnum or pieces of foam between the roots;
- the fall of the pot, in which the plant fell out;
- 3 years have passed since the previous transplant;
- when the baby grew up.
If an urgent transplant of a phalaenopsis orchid after purchase is required for a flowering plant, then, having cut off all the dried and rotted roots, the peduncle is cut to the first bud so that it can more easily bear the stress from root loss and recover faster. When she fell out of the tank due to a fall, she is returned to the same or larger pot.
Transplanting a new orchid
Transplanting Phalaenopis orchids after purchase is optional. Having changed his place of residence, the flower tolerates stress, so he is given a couple of weeks of quarantine, they monitor him, the state and speed of drying of the soil, and at the end of acclimatization they make a decision.
Substitution is carried out immediately after acquisition, only if the roots are thin and wrinkled. This appearance is caused by the fact that the transplantation and watering of phalaenopsis at home is different from those that were in the nursery. After abundant spraying with stimulants, the roots of the plant are depleted, because all forces were directed to the growth of the peduncle and buds.
An orchid baby is recommended to be transplanted if its root has grown 5 cm long. This means a readiness for independent existence.
Tools are required similar to those used for transplanting adult orchids, only a fraction of the soil is finer. The baby is separated from the mother plant, leaving a small area of the peduncle on which it sits. Places cut treated with activated carbon. Drainage and a little soil are poured to the bottom, then the baby is placed in the center of the pot and the substrate is evenly distributed around it. Top soil is covered with sphagnum and put in the shade for a week. Watering begins in 2-3 days.
Phalaenopsis baby transplant
Phalaenopsis in a transparent plastic pot should not be exposed to direct sunlight, as Due to the greenhouse effect, the roots die and a green bloom of algae forms on the walls. Also, large containers should not be chosen, because after processing and pruning the roots, the plant needs a pot of a similar or smaller size.
The new tank must meet the following requirements:
- should be wider than the previous 3 cm and slightly higher;
- transparent plastic is preferable to other options, because for the correct development of the roots take part in photosynthesis;
- for air in sufficient quantities, ventilation holes are required;
- a pot in the form of sticks or nets with a large number of holes for room conditions is not suitable, because the substrate constantly dries up: they are best used for decorative purposes;
- below there should be a small leg for air circulation.
If the selected flowerpot is made of ceramic, the inner part must be smooth so that the roots do not grow. A glass pot is less preferred. For phalaenopsis-mini, a small pot or a plastic cup with holes for draining water is prepared.
In nature, orchids are epiphytes that grow on trees and cling to their roots, so the soil consisting of bark is optimal. It should be breathable, dry relatively quickly after watering and slowly decompose. The ideal option is pine bark. In some cases, a small amount of sphagnum moss is added to the surface of the soil to increase the retention time of moisture of the latter.
The main qualities of the substrate:
- for rooms with dry air, the soil is selected more moisture-intensive;
- it should be loose and not fall into a dense mass;
- speed of complete drying - 3-5 days;
- particle size - 1.5-3 cm;
- fabrication from bark of freshly sawn pine.
Before use, the bark is sorted and subjected to boiling for sterilization. The substrate from a specialized store is not sterilized. The main component of this soil is also pine bark with the addition of crushed fern roots and charcoal. The main requirement for soil from the store is friability, airiness and a large fraction.
When transplanting, part of the old substrate is mixed with a new one in order to transfer the microflora familiar to plants to the new soil.
Substrate for Phalaenopsis orchid
A solution of phytosporin is preliminarily prepared to soak an orchid in it. For this, 1/5 tsp substances are diluted in 2 liters of water and 10 drops of epin are added to stimulate the immune system.
The orchid is carefully removed from the pot, holding the base of the trunk. To lighten the pot slightly crushed. Due to the strong growth of the roots, the pot is cut with scissors. After extraction, the flower is placed in a wide basin and carefully brushed off from the old soil, except for the adhered particles. The residue is washed off with water.
Inspect the leaves, roots and trunk of the plant. All rotten, yellowed, blackened or wrinkled areas are removed, leaving healthy, green or silver. If such a problem is detected, rotten and black spots on the surface of the outlet are cleaned to healthy tissue. Leaves are removed by first cutting along, and then removing the remainder from the stem.
After the inspection is completed, the roots of the plant are dipped for half an hour in a prepared phytosporin solution and dried. 3-5 cm thick drainage is laid at the bottom of the tank to protect against waterlogging, and a little soil is laid on top. Phalaenopsis is located in the center, next to set a stick that supports the peduncle. It should be made of bamboo and varnished so that the roots that touch it do not begin to rot. Gradually, the voids between the roots are filled with soil, placing large pieces of bark below, and smaller ones on top. If necessary, the substrate is covered with a thin layer of sphagnum to protect against rapid evaporation of moisture.
Post-transplant Care Tips
Properly transplanted healthy phalaenopsis easily tolerate this process and begin to grow roots in order to gain a foothold in the renewed nutrient medium. The first 10 days they are kept in the shade at a temperature of 22 ° C and are not watered, but fertilized no earlier than a month later. After transplantation, phalaenopsis care consists in observing the watering regime, and after root growth is activated, in fertilizing with fertilizer intended for orchids, in accordance with the instructions on the bottle (every 2 weeks). It is considered more effective to immerse the pot with an orchid in water for 15 minutes, so that the soil absorbs moisture, and not the top watering.
Indoor flower, which lost most of the roots during transplantation, requires step-by-step care. After transplanting into the container, the orchid, closed on top with a sphagnum, is strengthened with sticks to fix it. At first, the flower is not placed in direct sunlight. The care system includes constant monitoring of weakened plants and timely watering, they are fertilized only after phalaenopsis releases young roots.
Possible transplant errors
- wrong choice of soil (too small fraction provokes root rot due to lack of sufficient air and humidity);
- a small number of drainage holes in the pot;
- cauterization of roots with brilliant green;
- transshipment into a new pot without inspection of the roots and soil;
- too spacious a container chosen for transplantation (it provokes the growth of green mass instead of flowering, as a result, the orchid grows, not blooms);
- the habit of spraying instead of watering (this method of moistening leads to hidden drying of the roots, and after excessive drying, the substrate does not absorb moisture well, from its lack the roots dry out and die);
- watering by soaking for a long time immediately after transplantation.
Phalaenopsis orchid is a tropical climate plant; it does not tolerate excessive waterlogging. The structure of its roots allows you to accumulate a sufficient amount of necessary moisture in the layers of velamen and gradually use it. She also does not like excessive spraying, direct sunlight and a large amount of fertilizer. This is a less capricious plant than it seems at first glance, because after a thorough study of the rules system, it is easy to transplant the plant.