Rules for propagation of orchids by cuttings
Deciding to increase the number of orchids, it is important to study all the options for their reproduction. The most popular is the propagation of orchids by cuttings. This method is faster than growing a flower from seeds, but also has its own characteristics.
Rules for propagation of orchids by cuttings
Features of Cherenkovanie
Cuttings are a vegetative method of propagation, the process of separation of part of the mother plant and its stimulation to rooting. Such a method is also popular when multiplying monopodial Orchidaceae (Phalaenopsis, Wanda, etc.).
For cuttings, a part of the plant stem with a growth point is suitable. The most effective use of a peduncle, which is cut into small parts. Root germination is carried out in water or on the ground (sand or sphagnum moss) in an equipped greenhouse.
Advantages and disadvantages of the method
Propagation of an orchid by cuttings has several advantages:
- with the right procedure, the florist receives a plant that inherits the qualities of the mother flower.
- To breed is advantageous, because the material for propagation is always available.
Disadvantages: the difficulty of caring for cuttings in the process of awakening sleeping kidneys. Not all cut pieces of the flower arrow take root. Most of the harvested material is rotable, therefore, for propagation, a large number of harvested cuttings are required.
The benefits of propagating orchids by cuttings
Cuttings are the easiest way to propagate: you need to prepare the material (to cut the arrow of the pet), create conditions for the emergence of roots and put the germinated children in the main place of detention.
Each of the stages of grafting, from harvesting tools to planting with subsequent care of the flower, has its own characteristics. It is important to consider them in order to successfully breed pets.
Preparation of materials and tools
A favorable time to plant an orchid at home with cuttings is the beginning of spring. During this period, the vegetation begins, so the rooting of the prepared materials will occur quickly. You can also propagate the flower at the end of the flowering period.
It will be possible to propagate the orchid by cuttings only if all the necessary materials are prepared. This will require:
- sharp knife;
- Activated carbon;
- moss sphagnum;
- materials for a mini-greenhouse (bottle, bag or plastic container).
Before starting work, the instrument is disinfected with an antiseptic using a tissue.
It will turn out to grow a plant at home with the right material for the propagation of cuttings. Such operations are performed with apical cuttings. Remove the peduncle closer to the base, which is divided into small segments. There should be a sleeping kidney on the handle. The size of the segment is 10-15 cm. The more sleeping buds, the better for cutting orchids.
The next step is the processing of the cut points with powdered activated carbon. Wounds on cuttings and on the mother plant are treated.
- A layer of sphagnum moss, pre-treated with a root stimulator, is laid at the bottom of the plastic greenhouse container.
- Cuttings are laid on the ground so that the sleeping kidneys are directed upwards.
- The soil is moistened from the spray gun.
- The container is covered with polyethylene or glass and cleaned in a well-lit place with an air temperature of at least 24 ° C.
Remove the peduncle closer to the base, which is divided into small segments
It will turn out to propagate the flower when all the conditions for rooting the stem are created. For dilution, a moisture retaining substrate with bactericidal properties is suitable. Sphagnum moss is most suitable for breeding crops.
Moisturize the soil every 3-4 days. With this care, after 30-40 days, the cuttings will bear their “first fruits” - the first leaves and roots will appear on the harvested planting material.
Transplant into a pot
After the appearance of roots and first leaves on the cuttings of orchids, they are planted in the ground.
The best option for breeding will be soil consisting of pine bark, charcoal and sphagnum moss. Small claydite is suitable for the drainage layer. All components are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. The drainage layer must be calcined (fried) in a pan.
To grow a healthy orchid, the container must be plastic and transparent. At the bottom there should be a large number of holes needed to remove excess moisture from the soil and provide air to the roots.
- At the bottom of the plastic container, drainage is laid with a layer of 4-5 cm.
- The baby obtained from the handle is placed in a pot.
- Lay the soil.
- Moisturize the substrate from the spray gun.
The flower pot should be removed to a well-lit place. When located on the windowsill, the plant is shaded with a piece of gauze. It is better to water a flower only for 3-4 days. With properly organized care after planting the baby, orchid cultivation by cuttings will have a favorable outcome.
After the appearance of roots and the first leaves, orchid cuttings are planted in the ground
After planting orchid cuttings, it is necessary to create high-quality conditions for the growth and development of the flower. It is important to ensure 12 hours of daylight hours, to organize moderate watering (as the soil dries). In summer, the room temperature should be in the range of 20-25 ° C, and in winter - 17-20 ° C.
Most attention is paid to the organization of irrigation. The regime of soil moisture changes depending on the season, as well as the characteristics of the plant. In the growing season: 1-2 times a week. In winter: 1-2 times a month. Water should be settled and warm.
For the quick rooting of orchid cuttings and their getting used to a new growing place, special attention in the care is paid to fertilizer application. After the multiplication, nitrogen-containing compounds will be required. They will have to be applied every 2 weeks until the plant grows a healthy root system and is ready for the growth of the peduncle.
Having organized the proper care of the orchid grown from the cuttings, it will take 2-3 years to expect the first flowering.
Propagation of orchids by cuttings is popular due to the inheritance of the qualities of the mother plant by the resulting flower. With the right operation and subsequent care, the awakening of sleeping buds and the rooting of the stem from the peduncle will occur in 3-4 months.