Rules for planting late cabbage in open ground
Growing late cabbage is a rather laborious process. This cold-resistant garden crop is very demanding in care. To get a good and high-quality crop, plantings require a lot of moisture, light. In cultivation, the proper planting of late cabbage is also important.
Rules for planting late cabbage in open ground
Description of late cabbage:
- good yield with competent and timely care;
- long shelf life of the heads (up to 9 months);
- cleaning is carried out not only manually, but also in a mechanized way;
- universal use in cooking - in fresh, pickled, stewed form;
- newly bred varieties and hybrids are highly resistant to adverse weather conditions, diseases and pests;
- almost every variety of late cabbage planted in open ground is not afraid of autumn frosts.
The ripening period of heads after planting seeds for seedlings is 195 days.
Planting and growing late cabbage is carried out in fertile and structured soil. To get a good crop, planting this crop is necessary on loamy soil with a high content of humus. It is in such soil that moisture is retained the longest, which cabbage loves very much.
For late cabbage it is recommended to use soil with a neutral level of acidity, as well as for cauliflower. Any kind of cabbage does not grow well in acidic soil.
The soil on which you plan to plant this garden crop needs to be dug in the fall. So you increase its friability and breathability. During the autumn digging, eggs and larvae of many parasites will be destroyed.
Before planting seedlings on the site, it must be fertilized in early spring. For these purposes, organic matter is used - compost or rotted manure. A bucket of nutrients is added per 1 m2.
To further improve the soil composition, mineral components are added to the organic matter - phosphorus 30 g, potassium - 20 g and complex fertilizer - 30 g.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Growing seedlings of late cabbage is carried out at home, on the windowsill, because this culture is afraid of spring frosts. The technology of sowing seeds, caring for them is no different from the technology of growing seedlings of early mid-ripening varieties. The only difference is the timing. The optimal time for sowing seeds is the last decade of April (25-29 numbers). This period is suitable for the Urals, the Moscow Region and the middle zone regions. Early cabbage is planted in late March - early April.
Tender cabbage seedlings of late varieties are transplanted into the open ground after the threat of the last spring frosts has passed.
The scheme for planting late cabbage is as follows:
- the distance between plants 55-60 cm;
- row spacing - 60 cm.
The planting scheme for late cabbage can be staggered. Such a landing significantly saves space on the site.
It is recommended to plant late cabbage on a bed in cloudy weather in the evening. So a young and tender seedling does not burn under the rays of the scorching sun. Plants need to be planted to a depth of up to the first leaf. Then tighten firmly around the edges so that the plants are better rooted and grow upright.
Surround the cabbage with good care
After the cabbage of late varieties is planted on the site, it is necessary to provide the highest quality and competent care.
Regular watering is the most important condition for care, since cabbage is a moisture-loving crop. Irrigation adjustment is carried out taking into account weather conditions.
Immediately after planting, plants are watered at the rate of 1 liter. water on one sprout. The next twenty days, seedlings are watered every 3 days - in the south, in the regions of the middle lane - every 4-5 days. At the same time, 1 liter of space is consumed by 8 liters. water. After this, watering is carried out once a week with a flow rate of up to fifteen liters per 1 m2.
The need for cabbage in moisture increases, especially during the formation of ovaries and heads of cabbage. During this period, the water flow is about 20 liters. on 1 m2 of land.
After the heads of watering are tied, they reduce it to 10 liters. to the same area.
If late cabbage is grown for storage, watering is stopped a month before harvesting in the regions of the middle lane, in the south - two weeks before harvesting.
This is a photophilous culture, so it is recommended to plant it in a place well-lit by the sun. In shading, young seedlings will begin to stretch and will not build up green mass well, and this will negatively affect the future crop.
Loosening and weeding
The main care and cultivation of this crop involves regular loosening of the soil. This procedure is carried out a day after each watering. Loosening increases the moisture and air permeability of the soil.
Landing should be kept clean and weed regularly as weed grows.
In the process of growing late cabbage needs to be fed. Over the entire season, late cabbage as well as early cabbage is fertilized four times.
The first top dressing is introduced two weeks after transplanting seedlings into the ground. In this case, nitrogen-based top dressing is used, which ensures the growth of leaves when forming a rosette. Nitrogen can be found both in organic matter and in mineral fertilizers.
Possible fertilizer options for late cabbage on a ten-liter bucket of water:
- fertilizer with liquid mullein - 0.5 l .;
- ammonium nitrate - 20 gr.;
- urea top dressing - 20 gr.
0.5 l is consumed per plant. nutrient solution.
Young cabbage must be fed
Two weeks after the first feeding, the second is performed. In this case, 1 liter is poured into each hole. liquid top dressing.
At this stage of growth of late white cabbage, a complex nutrition is required - organic plus mineral nutrition:
- Bird droppings (0.5 kg) are mixed with azophos (30 g) and a tablespoon of the drug, Crystal, Kemira, or Solution, is added to this mixture. The prepared mixture is diluted in 10 liters. water.
- Chicken droppings or compost (0.5 kg), 200 g of wood ash are bred in 10 liters. water.
This top dressing is introduced for later cabbage. Nutrition is carried out ten days after the previous feeding:
- phosphate fertilizers (30 g) are mixed with mullein infusion (1 l per 10 l of water);
- phosphate fertilizers (30 g) are mixed with Crystal, Solution or Kemira (1 tablespoon). The resulting mixture was brought to a volume of ten liters with water.
Consumption - 10 liters per 1 m2 of land.
Such nourishment is required for plants to ripen a juicy and tasty crop.
The final feeding of the late garden crop is carried out three weeks before the harvest. This top dressing will provide cabbages with a long shelf life.
There are two options for such nutrition:
- 20 gr. potash fertilizers are dissolved in 10 liters. water;
- 0.5 l the ash infusion is adjusted to a volume of 10 l with cold water.
Head of cabbage
Heading of cabbages on a site is carried out after the first frosts pass. It is at this time that you need to remove cabbage from the garden to get sweet, juicy and soft heads of cabbage. Late cabbage tolerates frosts up to -7 °. Therefore, many gardeners specifically wait for the heads to freeze slightly, and after that they take off the entire crop.
The best varieties and hybrids of late cabbage for planting in open ground:
- Snow White;
- Gingerbread Man.
These varieties and hybrids are resistant to diseases and pests, take root well in the open ground and are intended for long-term storage.
The technology for planting, growing and caring for late cabbage in the open field is quite simple. With its observance, every gardener, even a beginner, will be able to get a tasty head of cabbage.