The rules for planting garlic in the winter in Belarus
Planting garlic in Belarus is made for the winter. This culture is very popular among many peoples of the world and is used not only in cooking, but also in medicine. Even Avicenna claimed that it helps against many diseases. During the construction of the Egyptian pyramids, slaves were introduced into the diet of this culture for preventive purposes. The article will discuss how to plant garlic for the winter in Belarus.
The rules for planting garlic in the winter in Belarus
Planting garlic in the winter in Belarus is made in the fall. The site is being prepared in advance; it should be cleared of previous cultures already in the middle of summer. Planting is carried out in October, best of all the first half, because the planted in November does not have time to take root. If you plant a crop in early autumn, for example, in early September, then it will have time to germinate, and frost can cause irreparable harm to it. Garlic planted in October has time to take root and yields high yields.
To determine the most favorable period for planting garlic in 2018, the lunar calendar will help. It indicates the sowing dates of various crops depending on the territory.
For example, planting garlic for the winter of 2017 in Belarus was recommended according to the lunar calendar in October, namely on the 5th, 6th, 20th, 22nd. Its harvest will be harvested in August 2018. If the culture will be grown from bulbs, then it must be planted in April. When to plant garlic for the winter in Belarus - the answer to this question will give the lunar calendar. The crop planted these days gives good seedlings and a high yield.
Planting garlic for the winter in Belarus is largely dependent on the variety. Gardeners need to choose one that is ideal for local growing conditions. The types of culture that form the arrows are distinguished by good endurance and are not afraid of frosty winters.
The characteristics of some varieties will allow gardeners to choose suitable conditions:
- Lyubasha - the variety belongs to breeders from Ukraine, tolerates winter and drought well. It is stored well, while not losing flavor. The plant reaches a height of 120 cm, the bulb consists of 5-7 teeth, its average weight is 80 g. The color of the bulb is white with purple threads.
- Ukrainian white - does not form arrows, but lends itself well to storage. His bulbs are large, weighing 150 g, they consist of 5-12 cloves.
- Spas - also refers to the Ukrainian selection, gives good crops and is characterized by excellent keeping quality. The average weight of the bulbs is 80 g.
- Jubilee Gribovsky - the variety was bred long ago, but this does not prevent him from being a leader among other varieties. He gained immense popularity allowed him high yield, resistance to most pests and disease states. He has a small onion, about 40 g.
- Reliable - a peninsular variety, stored for up to a year, which is why its name happened. The bulb consists of 5-7 cloves.
- Anniversary 07 - it is well stored and gives high yields, the taste is peninsular.
- Rocambole is a peninsular variety; its taste resembles that of onions.
All of these varieties of culture are suitable for cultivation in Belarus. Which of them should be preferred, gardeners need to decide. After all, each culture is different in taste, and this is an individual choice.
Long growing time
Winter garlic, in contrast to spring, can be propagated with both cloves and seeds. But to grow a full-fledged culture from seeds will take as long as 2 years, and you can grow a culture from cloves in just a year. Seeds are used mainly when planting material is not enough.
Before planting garlic for the winter in Belarus, the material is carefully selected:
- choose large and intact teeth;
- reject small and rotten teeth, planting material with a broken shell.
Suitable material is disinfected in a solution of ash (2 cups of ash are boiled in 2 l of water for 30 minutes, cool). Disinfection can be carried out using a salt solution (3 tablespoons in 5 liters of water) for 2 minutes. After that, the teeth are dipped for one minute in a solution of copper sulfate (1 teaspoon in 10 liters of water).
The culture is photophilous, so you should choose a sunny area on non-acidic soil, preferably sandy loam. Two weeks before planting, the soil is fertilized with humus (5-6 kg), superphosphate and potash fertilizers are applied. The amount of fertilizer applied depends on the fertility of the soil: the more fertile it is, the less fertilizer needs to be applied per m². Before planting, it is recommended to cover the area with film.
When determining a site for a culture, it is necessary to know which plants are its favorable predecessors, and after which it will not give a good harvest. The scientist established that the universal predecessors of the plant will be annual crops of a short term vegetation:
- rye, oats;
- different types of berries.
You should not plant a plant after plants that are harvested in September and October, as the soil does not have time to rest. It is forbidden to plant a crop in the very place where it grew in the previous year. This garlic patch is only used after a few days.
We sit in a short distance
The teeth are planted in the prepared furrows, the distance between the teeth is 10-15 cm, between the rows is 25-30 cm, the depth of the grooves is not more than 20 cm. Sand is poured on their bottom, teeth are planted in it. It does not allow planting material to contact the ground and protects the teeth from decay. The distance between the planting material depends on its size: the larger the teeth, the greater the distance and vice versa.
The grooves are covered with earth, the bed is covered with mulch (peat, sawdust or straw). Before snowfall, the area is covered with roofing material or a film to protect it from frost. The snow covering the bed protects it from the cold, as it serves as a kind of blanket.
If sowing is done with seeds, the depth of the furrows should not exceed 3 cm, the distance between the grooves should be no more than 10 cm, between the planting material no more than 2 cm. Bulbs planted in April will turn into small bulbs with one clove before autumn, which must be collected, dry and plant again on the site in order to collect a full crop of garlic in a year.
Care after landing
Culture after planting does not require much trouble, it is characterized by increased resistance to cold. A planted plant on time grows roots to the cold and tolerates winter cold, if the bed is well mulled or covered with roofing material.
In spring, the shelter is removed so that it does not prevent the sprouts from breaking through the thickness of the soil. In June, arrows appear on the culture, they break out, not allowing them to reach 10 cm, as they take away strength, and the bulb grows small.
After the emergence of sprouts, nitrogen and organic fertilizers (urea, a solution of mullein or bird droppings) are applied to the soil. In June or early July, the plants are fertilized with a solution of ash (a glass of ash is dissolved in 10 l of water).
Organic fertilizers are the best option for this crop. They allow her to grow a large bulb.
The plant requires constant watering, especially in the spring during the period of active growth. During the ripening period of the bulbs, moderate watering is sufficient. If the weather is rainy, then there is no need to water the sprouts. Waterlogging the soil to the depth of winter garlic can lead to rotting of the bulbs and the spread of various painful conditions.
After watering, the soil is loosened and weeds are harvested. If after the emergence of seedlings the bed was mulled, then caring for the plant will be much easier.
The best days to harvest are sunny. The optimal harvesting dates fall at the end of July - beginning of August. Lower leaves will turn yellow until this time. The selected crop is dried under the sun for a week. Bulbs are peeled from the ground, stalks are cut and wreaths are woven. Ready-made wreaths are stored in the winter in a cool, well-ventilated room.
Overriding of culture in the earth is not allowed. In this case, the teeth begin to sprout, the bulbs disintegrate after collection, lose their presentation and are poorly preserved.
Almost all gardeners are engaged in the cultivation of garlic in Belarus. Without it, you can not imagine a festive table. Growing a winter plant is practically no different from the methods of planting it in other countries. Only the timing of planting and harvesting differs. The main task of gardeners in the cultivation of this crop is to prevent the bulbs from freezing in a snowless winter. Here it is necessary to be guided by the amount of snow: if it is enough, then it is better to cover the site not to cover. Strong sprouts in the spring are evidence that the culture survived the winter perfectly.