Rules for keeping indo-people from the first days of life
Indoutka (popular name for the musky duck) is a bird that lives in Mexico and the countries of South America. For several decades, its cultivation has been popular among poultry farmers at home. This is due to the fact that such a duck does not require special care.
It easily dispenses with ponds, and its immunity is more resistant to diseases than other captive birds. The decision of many farmers to grow indo-ducklings is also associated with the high profitability of such a thing. The winged meat is tender, tasty and has almost no veins. In addition, the Indians are growing rapidly.
Indians and their popularity among farmers
The musky duckling is unpretentious to the conditions of detention, because the largest populations of these birds are in hot Latin countries. The availability of bathing water is also not required. Indians can swim, but not for the purpose of walking, but for the sake of the need to expand their diet. Their character is very calm, balanced. They rarely show aggression to livestock and even to the owner, and this is also important for keeping these birds at home. But a calm character can change if one of the other birds kept in the yard gets into a fight. A musky duck can always fend for itself.
The content of indochina is popular among domestic farmers and because they can be given a large number of different feeds. Their diet is much wider than other representatives of birds, and therefore there is no need to spend money on expensive feed.
Of course, there were some shortcomings in the content: the indonesians require the fulfillment of certain features of caring for them in order to grow up healthy and strong.
The first steps to breeding indonesia
Having decided to breed indonesia, the first thing to do is to acquire a pair of adult individuals. It is best to get them in late February or early March. If the future parents were correctly selected, then after 30-40 days, the female will be ready to hatch eggs. During this period it is necessary:
- Install the sockets. Homemade boxes from boards or cardboard boxes will do.
- Insulate the bottom in the boxes and install heaters. It is recommended to use straw or sawdust as a litter, and a lamp with a reflective device.
- Delimit the space. If there are several broods, they should be kept in different rooms, as females can throw their brood and go to hatch other people's indo-carrion.
Indoor chicks hatch after 35 days (deviations of 4-5 days are allowed). The first few hours they should spend with their mother, and after they should be transferred to a warm place - to the house, brooders or a well-heated non-residential premises.
The first day of indo-kittens is marked by the ability to stand firmly on their legs, the chicks already have a bright yellow plumage and black eyes. The weight of the newborns is 50-70 g. Indoor chickens die as often as other birds: on the first day, the brood can decrease by 1-3 heads. Most often, the weakest chicks die, especially if their maintenance is carried out without human supervision.
Features of bird keeping from the first days from birth
When the hatching is already behind, and the indones are already in the nest, it is necessary to organize the right care for them. This is especially true for the duration of illumination of the place of detention of indigenous animals. The use of lamps with reflectors is necessary to provide the chicks with heat. On the first day, daily chicks should be lit around the clock. Some farmers are of the opinion that continuous lighting should be observed from the first moments when the chicks hatch until they reach a weekly age. On the eighth day, the duration of lighting is limited to 18 hours, and from the third week - 10.
From the third week, the chicks of the indochka should be kept separately from each other.
This is due to the fact that males develop faster than females. From the same age they are allowed to take for a walk. The first few days - by 20-30 minutes, increasing the duration every day. From the third week, the chicks feel good on the water, so if there is a pond nearby, you should use it. Release to water also has its own characteristics:
- Each chick that was kept without a brood is not allowed to bathe (which cannot be said about the chicks kept next to the mother). This is due to the lack of fat in ducklings, transmitted from a brood hen.
- Bathing is carried out only in warm or room water.
- The conclusion should be made only in stagnant water bodies: rivers with a strong current will destroy young growth.
It’s easy to care for the Indians. The main thing is to observe the temperature regime and know about the features of their feeding. Especially important is the first day of the life of the chicks. After birth, their digestive tract is weak and needs to be “started” so that it can digest ordinary food. From the first hours after birth, the chicks should be pipetted. But there is another method. On their own, they are reluctant to rush to the crumbled yolk, but from the first minutes of their existence they give in to instincts. Birds need moving food, only they have an interest in it, so you should go for some tricks:
- Gather the whole brood together.
- Crush the boiled yolk.
- Sprinkle food on the backs of the chicks.
After performing this method of feeding, an active struggle for the yolk will begin between the babies. Chicks will peck each other in the back, eating a person’s food. To use such tricky feeding will be necessary only during the first 4-5 hours. And already on the second day, Indians will eat food on their own.
From the first week, small curls are included in the diet of small indigo. For their preparation, different products from the person’s table are used. It is best to make wet mixers from:
- corn and oat flour;
- egg yolk;
- meat and bone meal.
Solid food should be given to Indo-chicks after a month. What food is preferable for them during this period? They willingly eat grain, grass from the garden and meat waste. Grass is especially needed for bird health. Indians consider plants growing on water to be goodies. If there is no access to a source near the main bird holding site, the farmer should take care of obtaining this important food.
Monthly ducklings should drink and eat on their own. From the age of two weeks they should be dipped in their beaks in water. Some individuals will understand what they want from them, while others will copy their actions. Water is an integral part of the diet of birds, so it is important to monitor its purity and optimal temperature.
Problems Farmers Encounter When Breeding Little Indians
Even the most careful bird care does not guarantee a successful “start” of poultry activity. Indochromatic animals can be exposed to various diseases, although their immunity is stronger than other species of birds held in captivity. The most common problems that concern farmers are:
- Baldness of the chicks. Indoor foxes are balding when their content is not correct. This reaction of the body is caused by an unbalanced diet, lack of cleanliness in the barn, as well as tick bites (if there are white spots under the plumage on the skin).
- Throwing back the head. This phenomenon is a reaction to a lack of vitamins. The chick throws his head back most often due to nutrition problems.
- Impotence paws. If the birds fall on their belly and cannot stand on their feet, this indicates their joint problems. The reason for this pathology can be different: from a lack of vitamins to infectious diseases.
- Eye problems. In chicks with sore eyes, the problem appears due to a lack of vitamin A. However, there is another reason: sometimes dry grass and dirt get into the eyes of the bird, which leads to purulent inflammation. Ducklings need cleanliness, so you should carry out daily cleaning in the house and in walking areas.
- Parasites. The main sign of their ingestion of small indolects is constant itching. The chicks are nervous and itchy.
The maintenance of small indoocts is a simple matter. But still there are cases when the chicks are exposed to various infectious diseases. Treating them can be difficult, because careful treatment should be arranged for the affected livestock. These difficulties can be avoided with the help of disease prevention, which will be a reliable protection of the entire livestock from life-threatening ducklings diseases.
The main thing in prevention is balanced feeding. We need food rich in vitamins and minerals. It is recommended to add chalk and crushed shells to wet mixers. But how many grams to add is determined strictly by the age of the duck. In the first month, 1-3 g of these substances are consumed per serving. At a more mature age - up to 8 g.
The life of the chicks may be at risk when infected with parasites. Experienced poultry farmers recommend using the piperazine preparation for prophylaxis. Dosage - 0.25 mg per 500 g of bird weight. Treatment of helminthic infestations with the help of this medication is also performed. Veterinarians recommend giving sick ducklings 0.5 mg per 500 g of duck weight.
Treatment and prevention of infectious diseases can also be carried out with conventional medications. The drug "Enroflock" is an effective stimulator of immunity. For preventive purposes, you need ordinary water and 2 g of the powder of this drug.