Rules for growing Wanda orchids
Among all the varieties of flowers of the orchid family, the Wanda orchid has a special place in home floriculture. This tropical plant fascinates with beauty and grace.
In nature, the orchid family flower is found in the tropical zone of the Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and South China. In the natural environment there are airy species of various colors and shapes.
- Massive roots of gray-green color, covered with velamen. The root system of the porous structure absorbs moisture even from the air, which protects it from drying out and burning in the sun.
- Long peduncle - about 1 m or more.
- Belt-shaped, leathery, green with a light bluish bloom sheet plate. Leaves are arranged alternately.
- An adult specimen forms from 1 to 4 peduncles, on each of which 15-20 flower buds are formed.
- Fragrant flowers are yellow, white, orange or red. Of all the Wanda orchid species, blue is the most unusual.
- Collected in inflorescence brushes, every day after blooming they become larger and brighter in color.
- Orchid Wanda blooms for about 1.5 months. With good care and conditions, it blooms repeatedly.
Popular representatives of the variety
There are more than 20 thousand species of exotic flower.
Blue orchid is a tall plant, reaching 1 m in height. It has a massive, well-developed root system. She has belt-shaped, dark green leaves arranged in 2 rows. Blue orchid produces long peduncles (50-60 cm) with numerous buds (8-12 pcs.).
The flowers are large, up to 10 cm in diameter, blue in color with a mesh pattern. The lip is more saturated in color and smaller in size than other parts of the flower. At the peak of flowering, the petals brighten.
Tricolor orchid is a large plant, reaching 1.5 m in height with leathery, belt-shaped leaves 30-40 cm long, arranged in two rows.
The tricolor mix differs from other varieties of vanda in the unusual shape of the buds. Blooming flowers have the shape of stars, located on a long peduncle. On one flower arrow, up to 10 buds are formed. Snow-white or cream petals, covered with red spots. The lip is the same length as the petals.
The stem of the plant is highly branched, reaching 2.5 m in height. A large number of aerial stems form on the climbing stem.
On one flower arrow, 4 to 7 buds develop. The flowers are large, white and pink, the lip is purple, the lobes are yellow in red speck. Petals are round or oval.
The valky orchid blooms for about 8 weeks, with good care - up to 3 months.
Purple Wanda Charlotte has a compact size. Its stem reaches no more than 50 cm in length. The sheet plate is leathery, belt-shaped. Leaves are arranged alternately.
On one peduncle, 10 to 15 buds are formed. Petals of a round or oval shape, saturated purple color. The plant produces only one flower arrow.
The duration of flowering is 1-1.5 months.
The Malaysian Great Wanda has a thick stem and long massive leaves. Peduncle reaches 20 cm in height. Flowering occurs in the summer and lasts about 2 months. The flowers are pink, large. On one arrow - from 10 to 15 buds.
Tender orchid is a colorful plant. Snow-white petals are dotted with purple dots, the lip is light pink. One peduncle contains 10-12 buds. The diameter of the flowers is about 12 cm. The plant blooms for 8-10 weeks. Leaves are belt-shaped, dark green, arranged in two rows.
Sandera is a large specimen with foliate foliage. Its height is 50-60 cm. Flowers are formed at the top of the flower arrow, collected in inflorescences of 10-12 pcs. The petals are pink, with white bordering and a yellowish-red lip. The diameter of the flowers is 10-12 cm.
The Rothschild hybrid was obtained by crossing Sander and the Blue Orchid. It has belt-shaped, dark green leaves. The flowers are light blue, small, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences and located at the top of the peduncle.
Basic Wanda orchid care requires some skill. The Wanda orchid does not have a pronounced dormant period, therefore, under good conditions, it blooms several times a year.
Due to the massive root system, this flower needs space, so it is placed away from other domestic vegetation.
The optimum temperature of cultivation is 25-27 ° C. This is one of the most important conditions for full growth, bright and abundant flowering.
If the temperature is below 20 ° C, the Wanda orchid becomes weak and vulnerable to many diseases and pests.
To grow a healthy plant, for the Wanda orchid at home, they provide bright diffused light with shading at lunchtime.
The optimal duration of daylight hours is 12 hours throughout the whole year. In summer there is enough natural light, in winter they are illuminated with artificial light. With a lack of light, the Wanda orchid turns pale, loses its decorativeness and begins to hurt.
This indicator should always be stable within 80-90%. It is difficult to provide such a level of humidity in the room by spraying it alone; therefore, a stand or a tray with moistened pebbles or expanded clay is additionally installed in the room.
Irrigation of shoots and leaves is carried out in the morning. To do this, use warm, settled water. Spraying is carried out every day.
Wanda Orchid Home Care includes regular watering. For this procedure, settled water of room temperature is used.
Watered daily. The main goal of this procedure is to water the root system of the plant. The roots are dipped in water for 20 minutes. The fact that the plant got drunk is determined by the bright green roots.
To nourish the Wanda orchid with ascorbic acid, add 1 tsp. lemon juice in 1 liter of water. Such irrigation neutralizes carbonates. Watered every 3 months.
Flowers are placed in transparent wide vases, then water the roots with water. In the process of watering the roots emit air bubbles that rise to the surface. As soon as they stop appearing, watering is stopped. This is a sign that the flower is drunk. The remaining water is poured.
In the care and cultivation of the Wanda orchid requires good air circulation. To ensure this condition, a fan is installed in the room. Such a device creates protection for the indoor flower from sunburn and pests.
It can be installed if the room has high humidity. If the humidity indicator is low, the fan in working condition provokes a cold burn of leaves and stems.
Caring for a Wanda orchid involves a regular transplant. This variety of the orchid family does not grow in a pot, so it does not need a standard transplant procedure. Such a flower is contained in a vase, basket or glass flask.
For those who do not welcome this method of growing, there is an option to place the plant in a small bowl with several holes. For planting stability, sticks are inserted between the roots in some holes. Sprinkle the roots on top with a mixture of chopped pine bark and sphagnum moss.
When the root system grows, the orchid is transplanted into a vase or a larger transparent pot.Wanda Orchid Transplant
To properly care for Wanda's orchid, it is fertilized every week. Complex fertilizers are used at the rate of 1 g of substance per 1 liter of water.
During the formation of flower buds, 1 g of potassium monophosphate is additionally added to top dressing.
Proper nutrition is determined by the appearance of the leaves. If in the places of their contact the strip is no more than 1 cm, nutrition is balanced. With a wider band, you will have to fertilize more often.
The variety does not have a dormant phase, so it can bloom all year round. Most often, lush and abundant flowering is observed in spring and summer. During this period, the longest daylight hours.
The duration of flowering is 6-8 weeks, with good care - up to 3 months. Caring for a flowering specimen is easy. He needs to provide:
- full daylight hours;
- stable temperature conditions without sudden changes;
- regular feeding and timely watering.
Care after flowering
After the flowering period, the flower stalks are cut. A faded Wanda orchid is kept in a room with low humidity (50-60%) for 5 days. Then the roots are lowered into pots or vases with warm water (once a week).
No spraying is needed during this period. The plant is taken out to fresh air: in the garden, on the balcony. Then take care the same as before flowering.
Such propagation of the Vanda orchid with your own hands allows you to get a flowering specimen already a year after planting. But children in this variety rarely appear.
To accelerate the process of root formation, the processes are sprayed every day. As soon as the roots of the children reach 5 cm in length, they are carefully separated from the mother bush. Place slices sprinkled with crushed coal.
The separated baby is placed in a mini-greenhouse or test tube with high humidity (85%).
The shoots from the greenhouse are removed after 2 weeks. They are planted in a plastic pot or glass vase. Young specimens should be grown in a nutrient substrate from the bark of coniferous trees (3 parts) and sphagnum moss (1 part). As soon as they reach a meter height, they are transplanted into a permanent container.
For cultivation, a faded specimen with a stalk of at least 50 cm is used. Using sterile scissors, the shoot is cut so that its upper part is at least 20 cm of the branch length.
The bottom of the shoot requires the same care. In the period from 9 to 12 months, new shoots will form on the cut branch.
To germinate new stems, the upper part is treated with carbon powder, left to dry for a day, then wrapped with moistened sphagnum moss and a transparent film. The plant should be placed in a warm room with good ventilation. Some gardeners grow the stem in glass (flask, test tube). Then no film is required.
The most common growing problem is low humidity. As a result, leaves turn yellow on the flower, dry and fall off.
The resuscitation of such a plant consists in watering and subsequent cultivation in a glass flask.
The leaves of the plant turn yellow, wilt and crumble for another reason:
- lack of lighting;
- frequent overflows;
- excess fertilizer in the substrate.
Growing Wanda Orchid
Pest and Disease Control
Most often, Wanda is affected by aphids, spider mites, and less commonly by thrips, scabies and mealybug. In the fight against parasites, spraying with the drug "Actellik" or "Fitoverm" helps.
Root rot and fusariosis are the main diseases of this variety. Afflicted specimens are sprayed and watered with a solution of baseazole in combination with optimization of the conditions of detention.
Tips for disease prevention:
- the plant is watered only with warm water and small doses;
- flower provide good lighting;
- try not to overfeed the orchid.