Rules for growing cucumbers under spanbond
Recently, some summer residents have adapted to grow cucumbers under a spanbond, preferring this method to the usual one. In particular, this method of cultivating vegetables is suitable for those who live in areas with cold climatic conditions. The cultivation of cucumbers on a spunbond with the correct application of this method of cultivation of vegetables gives high yields and provides optimal conditions for the growth and development of cucumber bushes throughout the calendar year.
Rules for growing cucumbers under spanbond
Agrofibre, or spunbond, is an alternative to the well-known polyethylene, which gardeners have been using when cultivating vegetables for many years. This material is made from an environmentally friendly polypropylene component having a thin fibrous structure.
The essence of the method of growing cucumbers on a spunbond is to create a favorable climate for plants at cold air temperatures and insufficient sunlight in the northern regions with short summers and at the same time at elevated temperatures in areas with a soaring sun.
Varieties of Spunbond
Spanbond for agricultural needs can be used in several types:
- white material that is used in open soil conditions, its density is 17-30g per 1 sq.m,
- white polypropylene with a density of 30 to 60g per 1 sq.m, used for greenhouse and greenhouse structures,
- the black density of which is from 50 to 60g per 1 sq. m, used when mulching the soil,
- black and white spanbond with a density of 50g per 1 sq.m, intended for mulching directly vegetable crops and for the purpose of growing berry bushes on beds, it has a black layer that has a protective property against weeds, and white serves as a reflector of sunlight and preserves the root system of plants from overheating
- white-red, yellow-red materials that protect vegetables from bad weather.
Pros and cons of the method
Among the main advantages of using spunbond in the cultivation of cucumbers and other vegetable crops:
- softness and lightness of the material, which when covering the bushes does not damage them and does not injure,
- light transmission of polypropylene, which makes it possible to provide plants with a sufficient amount of light, while preventing from overheating,
- air and moisture permeability, which provides ventilation under the covering material and allows water to enter the soil,
- resistance to ultraviolet radiation,
- the ability to accumulate and retain heat,
- ease of use, wear resistance and relatively cheap price.
Spanbond in the process of use can be washed, glued and stitched, which gives additional advantages when it is used on a personal plot. In this case, it is possible to cover cucumber bushes with polypropylene material even without creating frame structures.
You can water the plants without removing the covering material, directly on top of the spunbond. Under the fabric, all the weedy grass without the resulting sunlight begins to whine and rot into a natural fertilizer useful for cucumbers. This eliminates the weeding process.
The only drawback when growing varieties of cucumbers without self-pollination is the need to remove material in the morning and cover them with cucumber bushes in the evening during the formation of the ovaries.
White spunbond lets in more light
Gardeners of white color most often use gardeners instead of the usual polyethylene film shelter. They can cover cucumber bushes planted with seeds or seedlings in a greenhouse or on the open ground. With the help of a white spunbond, some build fabric greenhouses.
To create a structure in the form of a greenhouse, a high density white spanbond is required, which can withstand wind.
White spanbond with a low density of 17g transmits 80% of the light. White covering material with a maximum density of 60g is able to transmit 65% of the light.
For photophilous grades
Planting seeds with photophilous varieties of cucumbers cover the white fabric material. In this case, a material with a density of 17.19.23 g per 1 sq. M is used. It can be used both for crops and seedlings already grown.
When using such a thin white material, one should not forget that it has low frost protection:
- a tissue density of 17g can protect plants to -3 ° C,
- spanbond in 19g preserves plants from frost not lower than -4 ° C,
- material with a density of 23gr can withstand temperatures down to -5 ° C.
For shade-hardy varieties
For the purpose of laying on a bed and to create a greenhouse effect, white spanbond is used, the density of which starts from 30 g and reaches 42 g per 1 sq.m. In this case, the first density is applicable for sheltering on arches up to 30-35 cm high, and the latter is used for greenhouse tunnels of greater height.
Agrofibre with increased density is able to create protection for plants at lower temperatures to -6 ° C, while maintaining integrity during wind and precipitation in the form of snow and hail. However, they transmit less light, therefore they are applicable for those varieties of cucumbers that are classified as shade-tolerant.
For heat-loving varieties
In regions unfavorable for climate, summer residents use white spanbond with a maximum density reaching 50-60gr per 1 sq.m. Such agrofibre is able to protect plantings from strong winds and frosts to -10 ° C. It is intended for heat-loving varieties of cucumber culture.
Black spanbond when planting cucumbers with seeds or seedlings is used primarily for mulching soil and is not used to create a greenhouse effect. Its density is 50-60g per 1 sq.m.
The main purpose of black agrofibre is to rid the land of weeds, turn them into organic fertilizer for a vegetable crop, and create a suitable microclimate in the soil.
Unlike white agrofibre, cucumbers on a black spunbond will not grow.
Black spanbond covers the soil in the process of planting cucumbers, cutting holes in it and planting cucumber seedlings through them into the ground. As a result, plants grow only in cut-out places, and rot and mold without moisture and sun does not develop. Black spanbond protects ripened vegetables from contact with the ground, therefore, when harvesting, cucumbers always remain clean.