Rules for feeding pears in the fall

When growing pears, care must be taken to get a good crop. One of the care steps is fertilizer application. In the article, we will consider how top dressing of a pear goes in the fall.

Rules for feeding pears in the fall

Feeding Features

For every season, gardeners are advised to use appropriate nutritional mixtures.

Spring feeding is carried out to give the tree strength for the formation and rapid growth of foliage of young shoots. During flowering, phosphorus-containing compounds are used.

Summer foliar top dressing with nitrogen-containing preparations increases the degree of resistance to diseases and pests.

Autumn nutrition is called for. Consider the fact that colds come and the plant should plunge into a dormant state.

In the spring and summer, the pear spends a lot of nutrients: first on the formation of the crown, ovaries, then on the ripening of the crop.

Autumn nutrition for the pear is needed to fill the nutritional deficit and prepare the garden for the next season.

Recommendations:

  1. Perform the procedure from late September to early November.
  2. Add nutrient mixture over the area of ​​the entire trunk circle.
  3. Strictly dose fertilizer for pears, taking into account the age of the tree and the size of its rhizome.
  4. The composition of the nutritional mixtures for the fruit beauty is selected based on the condition of the soil and the needs of the plants.
  5. Start feeding only after reaching the age of two.

Feeding Time

When choosing a time for feeding pears, do not forget that the plant is going for a winter vacation. The beginning of the autumn fertilizer will be harvesting and yellowing of foliage.

You can continue to fertilize the trees until the end of October. With a later introduction of nutrients, the plant's development mode will be lost. And instead of relaxing in the winter, the fruit beauty will begin to produce kidneys. This can cause the death of the garden.

Fertilizer quantity

An overabundance of any nutrients adversely affects fruit trees. Symptom is a change in the color of the leaves and the shape of the fruit, the deterioration of their taste, falling leaves.

A high concentration of mineral elements leads to the accumulation of harmful chemicals. This can be a threat to human health.

Calculate the number of nutrients according to the instructions for the drugs.

All fertilizers are dosed per square meter. The fruit beauty, aged 2-4 years, located her root system on 5 square meters. And the roots of a pear tree at the age of 6-8 years cover an area of ​​up to 10 sq m.

Fertilizer application methods

Fertilizer can be applied by spraying the crown

Feeding pears in autumn is carried out in three ways:

  • under digging;
  • into the furrows;
  • foliar application of nutrient mixtures.

For digging, dry formulations are used. They are scattered in the near-stem circle and after they dig the soil. The area of ​​such a circle is equal to the projection of the crown of the tree on the ground.

Liquid solutions are added to the furrows. Grooves up to 30 cm deep are made in the trunk circle. The depth of the furrow depends on the age of the plant, the older the fruit beauty, the deeper the groove should be.

Foliar nutrition of a pear garden in autumn is carried out once by spraying the crown of a tree.

Feeding at different times of the year

Pear dressing should contain the correct proportions of all nutrients, do not overdo it with this or that element.

It is possible to use both mineral and organic mixtures as nutrition in the fall.

Organic fertilizer

Organic mixtures from slurry, bird droppings contain a large amount of nitrogen. This element provokes the growth of green mass and new shoots. For such nutrient mixtures, the optimal application period is spring and summer.

There are regions in which the soil is poor in humus, they are allowed to use organic matter as the autumn nutrition of the orchard. The correct introduction of such nutrition is as follows:

  1. Organics are introduced into the trunk circle.
  2. Mulch is prepared from peat and humus, taken in equal parts.
  3. Sprinkle the entire area of ​​the circle with mulch. Its layer can be up to 20 cm.

In order not to overfeed the garden with such organic nutrient mixtures, apply them once every three years.

The application of wood ash will have a beneficial effect on the orchard. Sprinkle an eye of 150 grams of ash per square meter of trunk. Do not use ash residue from the combustion of chemical products. Then dig the soil.

Mineral fertilizers

In autumn, pears need to stock up on phosphorus and potassium. This contributes to the final ripening of wood and the laying of new buds before winter. With extreme caution, add additional trace elements. It is recommended to use no more than 5 grams of copper, 10 grams of zinc, 200 grams of magnesium, 20 grams of boric acid in a bucket of water.

Minerals are used both in dry and in liquid form. Professional gardeners prepare a solution of 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of potassium chloride in a bucket of water. Such a composition is watered or sprayed with plants in the fall. The flow rate of the solution is 10 liters per 1 square meter.

To prepare a dry complex composition, take 1 tablespoon of urea, potassium chloride and potassium sulfate, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate, 1.5 tablespoons of phosphate rock, 3 tablespoons of ammofoska and 500 grams of wood ash. This mixture is sprinkled with a trunk circle and dug.

Pear garden gratefully responds to top dressing at any time of the year. Good care and nutrition in the autumn period helps the fruit beauty to winter, be saturated with energy for the new season. It is also the key to a good harvest in the summer.

Recommended

Description of potato Kemerovochanin
2019
Characteristics of the variety of peppers Ratunda
2019
Characteristics of bell pepper
2019